Investigation of the Human Immune Response in Normal Subjects and Patients With Disorders of the Immune System and Cancer
Conditions
T-cell Lymphoma - B-Cell Lymphoma - ATL - Myeloma
Conditions: official terms
Lymphoma - Lymphoma, B-Cell - Lymphoma, T-Cell
Conditions: Keywords
Autoimmune Disorder, Immune System Evaluation, Human Response Investigation, Tissue Acquisition
Study Type
Observational
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Time Perspective: Prospective
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
This protocol is being submitted to consolidate, update, and expand two previously approved protocols (77-C-0066 and 82-C-0044) into a single protocol. The purpose of this study is to examine the factors involved in the regulation of the immune system of healthy individuals and to define the abnormalities in this regulation that underlies the immunological disorders of patients with a variety of immunodeficiency and malignant disorders. The studies will include the ex vivo phenotypic and functional analysis of the network of cells involved in humoral and cellular immune responses, and in vivo testing for the capacity to make delayed-type hypersensitivity and humoral responses following immunization with a variety of antigens. Individuals to be studied will include patients with a variety of malignancies and patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiency disorders. Selected family members or family members known to be genetic carriers of certain immunodeficiency diseases as well as normal, unrelated individuals will also be studied. A small number of procedures will be used including analysis of blood obtained by phlebotomy, apheresis, skin testing and recall antigens and immunization to assess humoral immunity.
Detailed Description
Background:

- The evaluation of the cells of the immune system and HTLV-1 infection have been a central focus of the Metabolism Branch for the past 30 years.

- Blood obtained by apheresis or blood drawing, skin biopsies and other tissues will be evaluated for abnormalities related to immunity, HTLV-1 infection and the immune system.

- Advances in the characterization of acquired genetic changes in tumor samples has

led to insights for the development of targeted therapy of malignancy

Objective:

- To define the nature of the immunological, genetic and epigenetic abnormalities in the cells of patients with immunodeficiency diseases associated with infections and/or a high incidence of malignancy and in patients with cancer.

- To obtain plasma, leukocytes and skin, lymph node and bone marrow biopsies on patients with immunodeficiency or cancer to investigate the immune system.

Eligibility:

- Subjects with cancer.

- Subjects with immunodeficiency.

- Subjects with HTLV-1 infection.

Design:

-This is a natural history study that permits tissue acquisition for analysis of the immune system and HTLV-1 infection.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 1 Year
Gender: Both
Criteria: - INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patient must meet at least one of these criteria:

Have suspected or known disorder of the immune system or malignancy

Be a known or potential carrier of genetically determined autoimmune disorder or immunodeficiency disease.

Specific i disorders may include but are not limited to: X-linked (severe combined immunodeficiency) SCID (c gamma deficiency), Autosomal recessive SCID, X-linked CD40 ligand deficiency, Common variable immunodeficiency, Ataxia-telangiectasia, Wiskott Aldrich syndrome, DiGeorge syndrome and Infection with HTLV-1

Age of birth and above for patients with suspected or known disorders of the immune system.

Patient (or parent/guardian of a minor child) must be able to understand and sign informed consent.

Hematocrit greater than 28%, and platelet count greater than 50,000 necessary for apheresis.

Subjects for whom apheresis is desired but whose counts are lower than those above must be evaluated and approved by a Department of Transfusion Medicine consult physician.

Weight greater than 25 kg is necessary for apheresis.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Overall Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnant or breast feeding women will not be eligible for any aspect of this protocol except phlebotomy

Children less than 18 years old are not eligible for lymph node or bone marrow biopsy

Exclusion Criteria for skin/parenteral antigen tests:

Any history of severe reaction or allergy to a particular skin test antigen or other ingredients in the formulation (e.g. Thimerosal, eggs or avian protein) will exclude a subject from receiving that particular skin test.

Children under the age of 2 years are not eligible to receive the Pneumococcal polyvalent vaccine.

Subjects under the age of 18 years are not eligible to receive the Candida or mumps skin test antigens.

Exclusion Criteria for Apheresis Alone:

Any diagnosed medical condition which may be worsened by the apheresis procedure. Specifically the patient should not have any of the following:

1. Congestive Heart Failure

2. History of angina

3. Severe hypotension (at the discretion of the patient's physician, the apheresis staff and the attending physician from the Department of Transfusion Medicine (DTM) per DTM Standard Operating Policies.)

4. Poorly controlled hypertension (average baseline blood pressure greater than 160/90)

5. History of a coagulation protein disorder.

Pediatric normal volunteers (less than 18 years) will not undergo apheresis.
Location
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office - (888) NCI-1937
Start Date
July 1997
Sponsors
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Source
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page