Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Esophageal Cancer
Conditions
Esophageal Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Adenocarcinoma - Esophageal Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
stage IIB esophageal cancer, stage IIIA esophageal cancer, stage IIIB esophageal cancer, adenocarcinoma of the esophagus
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: cisplatin Type: Drug
Name: epirubicin hydrochloride Type: Drug
Name: fluorouracil Type: Drug
Name: conventional surgery Type: Procedure
Name: neoadjuvant therapy Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which regimen of combination chemotherapy is more effective in treating esophageal cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two regimens of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer.
Detailed Description
OBJECTIVES:

- Compare survival and quality of life of patients with resectable adenocarcinoma of the esophagus treated prior to surgery with standard chemotherapy comprising cisplatin and fluorouracil versus prolonged infusional chemotherapy comprising cisplatin, epirubicin, and fluorouracil.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

- Arm I (Standard chemotherapy): Patients receive cisplatin IV over 4 hours on days 1-4 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Arm II (Infusional chemotherapy): Patients receive cisplatin IV over 4 hours on day 1, epirubicin IV on day 1, and fluorouracil IV continuously. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo surgery 4-6 weeks after the last dose of fluorouracil in arm I or anytime after the fluorouracil infusion is completed in arm II.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, immediately before starting the last course of chemotherapy, immediately before surgery, 6 weeks post-operatively, and at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after randomization.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 5 years, and then annually thereafter.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 1,300 patients (650 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: N/A
Gender: Both
Criteria: DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or type 1 or 2 tumors of the gastroesophageal junction

- Stage IIB or greater by spiral or multi-slice CT scan and endoscopic ultrasound

- Amenable to primary surgery with curative intent

- No para-aortic/celiac lymphadenopathy greater than 1 cm on CT scan and/or greater than 6 mm on endoscopic ultrasound

- No disease invading the airways, aorta, pericardium, or lung

- No liver, lung, or other distant metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

- Not specified

Performance status:

- WHO 0-1

Life expectancy:

- Not specified

Hematopoietic:

- WBC greater than 3,000/mm3

- Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3

Hepatic:

- Liver function tests no greater than 1.5 times normal

Renal:

- Glomerular filtration rate greater than 60 mL/min

Cardiovascular:

- Ejection fraction greater than 50% OR

- Normal echocardiograph

Pulmonary:

- FEV1 greater than 1.5 L

Other:

- Not pregnant or nursing

- No prior primary malignancy

- No significant medical condition that would preclude study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

- Not specified

Chemotherapy:

- Not specified

Endocrine therapy:

- Not specified

Radiotherapy:

- Not specified

Surgery:

- See Disease Characteristics
Location
Queen Elizabeth Hospital at University Hospital of Birmingham NHS Trust
Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Derek Alderson, MD - 44-121-627-2276 - d.alderson@bham.ac.uk
Start Date
November 2004
Sponsors
Medical Research Council
Source
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page