Cladribine, Cytarabine and Idarubicin in Patients With Relapsed Acute Myelocytic Leukemia (AML)
Leukemia, Myelocytic, Acute
Conditions: official terms
Leukemia - Leukemia, Myeloid - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Conditions: Keywords
AML, relapsed, cladribine, chemotherapy
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: cladribine
Type: Drug
Overall Status
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of cladribine, high-dose cytarabine and idarubicin in the treatment of patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia.
Detailed Description
Considerable progress has been made in the induction therapy of acute myeloid leukemia (AML); however, current therapeutic results are still unsatisfactory in those with relapsed disease. The purine nucleoside analogue cladribine (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine, 2-CdA) has been shown to be a safe and active agent in acute myeloid leukemia. Synergistic interaction between cladribine and cytarabine has been demonstrated in preclinical and clinical studies.

The current multicenter phase II study was initiated to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of cladribine, high-dose cytarabine, and idarubicin in the treatment of patients with relapsed AML. Adult patients of all age groups can be enrolled in the trial, but elderly patients will be treated with a less dose-intensive regimen.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with relapsed AML with a remission duration of at least 6 months after first complete remission (CR) or of at least 3 months after second (or higher) CR

- Age >= 18 years

- Life expectancy of at least three months (without consideration of AML and complications)

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2 (without consideration of AML and complications)

- Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior therapy of AML with cladribine

- Severe, uncontrolled infection at time of inclusion (enrollment is possible after control of infection)

- Cardiac insufficiency grade III or IV New York Heart Association (NYHA)

- Severe renal insufficiency with a clearance of < 30 ml/min (if not due to AML)

- Severe hepatic insufficiency with bilirubin > 3 mg/dl or AST > 200 U/l (if not due to AML)

- Other severe organ impairment grade III or IV World Health Organization (WHO) (if not due to AML or, in the opinion of the investigator, may not interfere with the procedures in the study)

- HIV infection

- Intolerance to study drugs

- Pregnant or breast-feeding women

- Any other malignant disease which will probably affect the course of AML
Medical Clinic & Policlinic III, University Bonn
Bonn, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Marie von Lilienfeld-Toal, MD - +49-228-287-22263 -
Start Date
November 2004
Completion Date
March 2011
University Hospital, Bonn
University Hospital, Bonn
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page