Esophageal Cancer Genetics Studies
Conditions
Esophageal Cancer - Gastric (Cardia, Body) Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Esophageal Cancer, Genetics, Polymorphism, Susceptibility Genes, Tumor
Study Type
Observational
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Time Perspective: Prospective
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The overall goal of this project is to understand the role of genetics in the etiology and prevention of upper gastrointestinal cancer, primarily esophageal cancer, but also cancers of the gastric cardia and body.

Esophageal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in China and the seventh most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Evidence suggests that genetic factors may play an important role in the etiology of this malignancy, and identification of esophageal cancer susceptibility genes may allow screening of populations to identify persons at particularly high risk, who could then be targeted for prevention strategies (e.g., chemoprevention or early detection). There are several lines of evidence supporting the idea that there is genetic susceptibility for esophageal cancer in high-risk Chinese populations, including an association of positive family history with increased risk, evidence of familial aggregation of cases, and segregation analyses suggesting Mendelian inheritance in high-risk families.

Several different but complementary approaches will be used to identify esophageal cancer susceptibility genes. (Because of etiologic similarities and for logistic reasons, parallel efforts will be made with gastric cardia and body cancers.) First, a tumor/non-tumor study will be conducted in which a biological specimen bank consisting of samples (tumor, non-tumor, venous blood, finger stick blood, and buccal cells) from several hundred cases of esophageal, gastric cardia, and gastric body cancers will be developed in Taiyuan that can be used for the identification of esophageal (as well as gastric cardia and body) cancer susceptibility genes and potential early genetic markers of these cancers. High-density genome-wide scans with microsatellite markers will be used in a limited number of cases to identify potential hot spots followed by further testing of these hot spots and other candidate markers in additional tumor/non-tumor samples. Premalignant morphologic lesions will also be examined. Second, blood samples for DNA will be collected from approximately 100 healthy individuals from high-risk (Yangcheng County) and low-risk (Beijing) areas to examine potential population differences in polymorphisms for selected genomic markers. Third, a large case-control study with cancers of the esophagus, cardia, and body of stomach will be conducted to evaluate polymorphisms in the candidate markers identified in other components of this project, and to evaluate gene-environment interactions. Finally, a family study will be conducted to evaluate linkage of candidate markers with cancer in families having 2 or more cases with cancers of the esophagus, cardia, and/or body of stomach.
Detailed Description
The overall goal of this project is to understand the role of genetics in the etiology and prevention of upper gastrointestinal cancer, primarily esophageal cancer, but also cancers of the gastric cardia and body.

Esophageal cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in China and the seventh most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Evidence suggests that genetic factors may play an important role in the etiology of this malignancy, and identification of esophageal cancer susceptibility genes may allow screening of populations to identify persons at particularly high risk, who could then be targeted for prevention strategies (e.g., chemoprevention or early detection). There are several lines of evidence supporting the idea that there is genetic susceptibility for esophageal cancer in high-risk Chinese populations, including an association of positive family history with increased risk, evidence of familial aggregation of cases, and segregation analyses suggesting Mendelian inheritance in high-risk families.

Five different but complementary approaches will be used to identify esophageal cancer susceptibility genes. (Because of etiologic similarities and for logistic reasons, parallel efforts will be made with gastric cardia and body cancers.) First, a tumor/non-tumor study will be conducted in which a biological specimen bank consisting of samples (tumor, non-tumor, venous blood, finger stick blood, and buccal cells) from several hundred cases of esophageal, gastric cardia, and gastric body cancers will be developed in Taiyuan that can be used for the identification of esophageal (as well as gastric cardia and body) cancer susceptibility genes and potential early genetic markers of these cancers. High-density genome-wide scans with microsatellite markers will be used in a limited number of cases to identify potential hot spots followed by further testing of these hot spots and other candidate markers in additional tumor/non-tumor samples. Premalignant morphologic lesions will also be examined. Second, blood samples for DNA will be collected from several hundred healthy individuals from high-risk (Yangcheng County) and low-risk (Beijing) areas to examine potential population differences in polymorphisms for selected genomic markers. Third, a large case-control study with cancers of the esophagus, cardia, and body of stomach will be conducted to evaluate polymorphisms in the candidate markers identified in other components of this project, and to evaluate gene-environment interactions. Fourth, a family study will be conducted to evaluate linkage of candidate markers with cancer in families having 2 or more cases with cancers of the esophagus, cardia, and/or body of stomach. Finally, an endoscopic study will be conducted to obtain specimens from a morphologic spectrum of disease ranging from normal to early invasive disease in order to characterize molecular progression.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: - INCLUSION CRITERIA:

All patients over the age of 18 presenting to the SCHI with upper GI signs or symptoms requiring upper GI endoscopy over a defined calendar period (depending on prevalence of premalignant lesions, but estimated to be approximately 3 years) will be potentially eligible for participation in this study.

Patients are eligible only if they meet one of the following two conditions: (1) a visible lesion unlikely to be cancer or (2) no visible lesions on routine endoscopy (without mucosal iodine staining) but an unstained (abnormal) lesion following iodine spraying.

Invitation for participation will be based solely on the visual appearance of an esophageal abnormality without or with mucosal iodine staining, but before histologic confirmation is obtained, and will occur during the same clinic visit as the qualifying endoscopic examination.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients will not be invited to participate in this study until after they have undergone their routine endoscopic evaluation.
Locations
Shanxi Tumor Hospital and Institute
Taiyuan, China
Status: Recruiting
Yangcheng County Cancer Hospital and Institute
Yangcheng, China
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
June 1995
Sponsors
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Source
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page