Randomized Phase III Trial of Adjuvant Chemotherapy or Chemoradiotherapy in Resectable Gastric Cancer (CRITICS)
Conditions
Gastric Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
CRITICS, gastric cancer, surgery, adjuvant, chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy, capecitabine, cisplatin, epirubicin
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: cisplatin+capecitabine Type: Drug
Name: radiotherapy Type: Radiation
Name: epirubicin+cisplatin+capecitabine Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy (in comparison to chemotherapy alone) as adjuvant treatment after surgery for gastric cancer. Prior to surgery all patients will receive neo-adjuvant chemotherapy as well.
Detailed Description
The mainstay of curative treatment of gastric cancer is radical surgical dissection. Because most patients in the Western world present with advanced stages long term survival is found in about 25%, with local recurrences as part of treatment failure in up to 80% of cases. Studies examining the role of more extended lymph node dissections (D1 vs. D2), adjuvant radiotherapy or adjuvant chemotherapy did not result in a clinical relevant improvement of survival. In 2001 results of a South West Oncology group (SWOG) trial that randomized between surgery and surgery with chemoradiotherapy were published. This trial, that was hampered by suboptimal surgery (less than D1 in majority of patients) and radiotherapy (2D radiotherapy; 35% protocol deviations) showed an absolute increase in median survival of 9 months. More recently results of the MAGIC study, which randomized between surgery and surgery plus 6 perioperative courses of ECF chemotherapy, were presented. This regimen resulted in an absolute 5-year survival benefit of 13% and in a 10% higher resectability rate.

This phase III prospectively randomized study investigates whether chemoradiotherapy (45 Gy in 5 weeks with daily cisplatin and capecitabine) after preoperative chemotherapy (3x ECC (epirubicin, cisplatin, capecitabine)) and adequate (D1+) surgery leads to improved survival in comparison with postoperative chemotherapy (3x ECC). Furthermore, toxicity of both treatment regimens will be explored.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Ib-IVa (no distant metastases) gastric cancer (histologically proven); tumor bulk in the stomach

- WHO < 2

- Age ≥18 yrs

- Operable gastric cancer

- No prior abdominal radiotherapy or chemotherapy

- Tumornegative laparoscopy when CT suggests peritoneal carcinomatosis

- Start treatment within 10 working days after registration

- Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- T1N0 disease (endoscopic ultrasound)

- Distant metastases

- Inoperable patients; due to technical surgery-related factors or general condition

- Previous malignancy, except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or in-situ cancer of the cervix uteri.

- Solitary functioning kidney that will be within the radiation field

- Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to study treatment start, or lack of complete recovery from the effects of major surgery

- Uncontrolled (bacterial) infections

- Significant cardiac disorders

- Continuous use of immunosuppressive agents

- Concurrent use of the antiviral agent sorivudine or chemically related analogues

- Hearing loss > CTC grade 1

- Neurotoxicity > CTC grade 1
Location
Nederlands Kanker Instituut/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Ziekenhuis
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Marcel Verheij, MD PhD - 020-5122124 - m.verheij@nki.nl
Start Date
December 2006
Completion Date
December 2013
Sponsors
Dutch Colorectal Cancer Group
Source
Dutch Colorectal Cancer Group
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page