Early Hospital Discharge or Standard Inpatient Care in Cancer Patients Receiving Antibiotics for Febrile Neutropenia
Conditions
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors - Lymphoma - Neutropenia - Psychosocial Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment - Small Intestine Cancer - Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Conditions: official terms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms - Febrile Neutropenia - Nervous System Neoplasms - Neutropenia
Conditions: Keywords
psychosocial effects of cancer and its treatment, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, intraocular lymphoma, nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, primary central nervous system non-Hodgkin lymphoma, primary central nervous system Hodgkin lymphoma, recurrent adult Burkitt lymphoma, recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, recurrent adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma, recurrent adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma, recurrent adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, recurrent adult lymphoblastic lymphoma, recurrent cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma, recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma, recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma, recurrent mantle cell lymphoma, recurrent marginal zone lymphoma, recurrent mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, recurrent small lymphocytic lymphoma, small intestine lymphoma, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, stage III adult Burkitt lymphoma, stage III adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, stage III adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma, stage III adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma, stage III adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, stage III adult lymphoblastic lymphoma, stage III adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, stage III cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, stage III grade 1 follicular lymphoma, stage III grade 2 follicular lymphoma, stage III grade 3 follicular lymphoma, stage III mantle cell lymphoma, stage III marginal zone lymphoma, stage III mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, stage III small lymphocytic lymphoma, stage IV adult Burkitt lymphoma, stage IV adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, stage IV adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma, stage IV adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma, stage IV adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, stage IV adult lymphoblastic lymphoma, stage IV adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, stage IV cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, stage IV grade 1 follicular lymphoma, stage IV grade 2 follicular lymphoma, stage IV grade 3 follicular lymphoma, stage IV mantle cell lymphoma, stage IV marginal zone lymphoma, stage IV mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, stage IV small lymphocytic lymphoma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific, neutropenia, stage I adult Burkitt lymphoma, stage I adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, stage I adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma, stage I adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, stage I adult Hodgkin lymphoma, stage I adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, stage I adult lymphoblastic lymphoma, stage II adult Hodgkin lymphoma, stage I mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, stage II mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, stage I cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, stage II cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, contiguous stage II adult Burkitt lymphoma, contiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, contiguous stage II adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma, contiguous stage II adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, contiguous stage II adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, contiguous stage II adult lymphoblastic lymphoma, contiguous stage II grade 1 follicular lymphoma, contiguous stage II grade 2 follicular lymphoma, contiguous stage II grade 3 follicular lymphoma, contiguous stage II mantle cell lymphoma, contiguous stage II marginal zone lymphoma, contiguous stage II small lymphocytic lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult Burkitt lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult lymphoblastic lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II grade 1 follicular lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II grade 2 follicular lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II grade 3 follicular lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II mantle cell lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II marginal zone lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II small lymphocytic lymphoma, recurrent adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, stage I adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, stage II adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, adult grade III lymphomatoid granulomatosis, recurrent adult grade III lymphomatoid granulomatosis, adult nasal type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Intervention
Name: amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium Type: Drug
Name: ciprofloxacin Type: Drug
Name: psychosocial assessment and care Type: Procedure
Name: quality-of-life assessment Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
RATIONALE: Finishing an antibiotic regimen at home may be as effective as receiving it in the hospital. It is not yet known whether early hospital discharge is as effective as standard inpatient care in cancer patients receiving antibiotics for febrile neutropenia.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying early hospital discharge and comparing it with standard inpatient care in cancer patients receiving antibiotics for febrile neutropenia.
Detailed Description
OBJECTIVES:

- Identify cancer patients who are low-risk inpatients and meet criteria for early discharge (i.e., symptomatic improvement and temperature ≤ 37.8°C) after receiving oral antibiotics for febrile neutropenia.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, prospective, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by disease type (lymphoma vs solid tumor), duration of registration (< 48 hours vs > 48 hours), and participating center.

Patients receive oral amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium 3 times daily and oral ciprofloxacin twice daily on admission to the hospital. Treatment continues for 7 days in the absence of clinical deterioration or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are assessed as inpatients after ≥ 24 and up to 72 hours after the first antibiotic dose. Patients showing clear response (i.e., symptomatic improvement irrespective of neutrophil recovery, temperature ≤ 37.8 C for 24 hours) and who continue to meet study eligibility criteria are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

- Arm I (early discharge): Patients are discharged home and instructed to remain in daily contact with hospital staff to report temperature and symptoms until completion of oral antibiotic regimen.

- Arm II (standard management): Patients continue their antibiotic course in hospital and are discharged according to local guidelines and the following additional criteria: subjective improvement, afebrile (≤ 37°C for 24 hours), and absolute neutrophil count ≥ 500/mm³ and rising.

Patients in both arms complete a daily diary documenting daily temperature readings, symptoms, and toxicities. Patients also complete a Health Questionnaire and a Cancer Worries Inventory Booklet at baseline, in the hospital immediately after randomization, and at completion of oral antibiotics or resolution of neutropenic febrile episode.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 400 patients will be accrued for this study.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Diagnosis of solid tumor or lymphoma AND meets the following criteria:

- Low-risk patient, defined as Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer prognostic index score ≥ 21

- Presents with neutropenic fever defined as follows:

- Absolute neutrophil count ≤ 500/mm³ OR < 1,000/mm³ but anticipated to fall to ≤ 500/mm³ within 24 hours of study entry

- Temperature ≥ 38.5°C on a single measurement or ≥ 38.0°C on > 1 occasion (one of which could be measured by the patient prior to admission) ≥ 1 hour apart

- Undergoing concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy for treatment of solid tumors or lymphoma

- No leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- Compliant and appropriate for early discharge

- Able to read a thermometer (patient or caregiver)

- Able to tolerate oral medication

- Must have a responsible adult caregiver if eligible for early discharge

- No known allergy to oral antibiotics or penicillin

- No requirement for IV fluid support

- No central venous catheter-associated infection or evidence of infection not amenable to treatment by study antibiotics

- No neutropenic fever at high risk of complications

- No associated comorbidity that requires hospitalization and management

- No known HIV positivity

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- See Disease Characteristics

- No prior participation in this study for neutropenic episode

- No prior bone marrow transplantation or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

- No prior treatment for leukemia

- More than 72 hours since prior antibiotics, including prophylactic antibiotics

- Prophylactic septrin (for pneumocystis), acyclovir, or antifungals are allowed

- No concurrent granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy
Locations
Gloucestershire Oncology Centre at Cheltenham General Hospital
Cheltenham, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-0124-2222-2222
Princess Royal Hospital at Hull and East Yorkshire NHS Trust
Hull, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-0148-2701151
Leicester Royal Infirmary
Leicester, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-011-6254-1414
Clatterbridge Centre for Oncology
Merseyside, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Ernest Marshall, MD - 44-151-334-1155
Northampton General Hospital
Northampton, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-016-0463-4700
Peterborough Hospitals Trust
Peterborough, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-0173-387-4000
Cancer Research Centre at Weston Park Hospital
Sheffield, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-114-226-5000
Airedale General Hospital
West Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-015-356-2511
Western Infirmary
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-0114-226-5000
Ysbyty Gwynedd
Bangor, Wales, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 44-0124-838-4384
Start Date
July 2007
Sponsors
Clatterbridge Centre for Oncology
Source
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page