Studying Genes for Barrett's Esophagus in Brothers and Sisters
Conditions
Esophageal Cancer - Precancerous Condition
Conditions: official terms
Barrett Esophagus - Esophageal Neoplasms - Precancerous Conditions
Conditions: Keywords
adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, esophageal cancer, Barrett esophagus
Study Type
Observational
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
N/A
Intervention
Name: comparative genomic hybridization Type: Genetic
Name: genetic linkage analysis Type: Genetic
Name: laboratory biomarker analysis Type: Other
Name: questionnaire administration Type: Other
Name: study of high risk factors Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
RATIONALE: Learning about how often heartburn and other risk factors occur in brothers and sisters and other family members of patients with Barrett's esophagus may help identify other individuals at risk and identify genes for Barrett's esophagus.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying genes for Barrett's esophagus in brothers and sisters.
Detailed Description
OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To investigate the familial incidence of heartburn and Barrett's esophagus in first and second degree relatives of patients with Barrett's esophagus in the United Kingdom.

- To determine susceptibility genes for Barrett's esophagus in affected sibling pairs.

- To examine gene-environment interactions, such as smoking, alcohol, and Helicobacter pylori status, on familial susceptibility to heartburn and Barrett's esophagus.

Secondary

- To compare the mortality from esophageal adenocarcinoma in family members with heartburn and Barrett's esophagus with deaths from other causes.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients complete a family history questionnaire. Epidemiological data is also collected about environmental exposures, such as smoking and alcohol history. Any siblings or other living family members affected by heartburn identified from this survey are then contacted to validate their symptoms/diagnoses and to collect other relevant epidemiological data. Family members with heartburn are offered a screening endoscopy for the presence of Barrett's esophagus. In the absence of an endoscopy, a symptom nomogram predictive for the presence of Barrett's esophagus is used.

Patients and their siblings, as well as any other willing family member (affected or non-affected) are asked to have a blood sample (EDTA tube for genetic analysis and a serum sample for Helicobacter pylori status) taken by their physician. Genomic DNA is extracted from lymphocytes and a genome-wide scan is performed using a standard marker set. A computer program is used to verify sibling relationships. Individuals not found to be full siblings are excluded from subsequent analyses. Maximum likelihood score (MLS) and the nonparametric linkage score (NPL) is used to estimate the degree of linkage.

All study participants are flagged with the National Health Service (NHS) Central Register to ascertain the future mortality from esophageal adenocarcinoma compared with deaths from other causes.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 200 sibling pairs will be accrued for this study.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: N/A
Gender: Both
Criteria: DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Sibling pairs will be recruited either from the United Kingdom National Barrett's Oesophagus Registry (UKBOR) of patients with Barrett's esophagus from 37 centers OR from National Health Service hospitals

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- Not specified

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- Not specified
Location
Hutchison Cancer Research Unit
Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Rebecca Fitzgerald, MD - 44-1223-763-287 - rcf@hutchison-mrc.cam.ac.uk
Start Date
June 2002
Sponsors
Medical Research Council
Source
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page