Adjuvant Whole Abdominal Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) for High Risk Stage FIGO III Patients With Ovarian Cancer
Conditions
Ovarian Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
advanced ovarian cancer, whole abdominal irradiation, intensity modulated radiotherapy, ovarian cancer stage FIGO III
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 1
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: whole abdomen irradiation using IMRT
Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The prognosis for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer remains poor despite aggressive surgical resection and platinum-based chemotherapy. More than 60% of patients will develop recurrent disease, principally intraperitoneal, and die within 5 years. The use of whole abdominal irradiation (WAI) as consolidation therapy would appear to be a logical strategy, but despite whole abdominal irradiation has clinically proven efficacy the use of radiotherapy in ovarian cancer has profoundly decreased mainly due to high treatment-related toxicity. Modern intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) could allow to spare kidneys, liver, and bone marrow while still adequately covering the peritoneal cavity with a homogenous dose.

This study will evaluate feasibility and toxicity of adjuvant consolidation whole abdominal intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for high risk stage FIGO III patients with ovarian cancer.
Detailed Description
The prognosis for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer remains poor despite aggressive surgical resection and platinum-based chemotherapy. More than 60% of patients will develop recurrent disease, principally intraperitoneal, and die within 5 years. The use of whole abdominal irradiation (WAI) as consolidation therapy would appear to be a logical strategy, but despite whole abdominal irradiation has clinically proven efficacy the use of radiotherapy in ovarian cancer has profoundly decreased mainly due to high treatment-related toxicity. Modern intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) could allow to spare kidneys, liver, and bone marrow while still adequately covering the peritoneal cavity with a homogenous dose.

The OVAR-IMRT-01 study is a single center pilot trial of a phase I/II study. Patients with advanced ovarian cancer stage FIGO III (R1 or R2< 1cm) after surgical resection and platinum-based chemotherapy will be treated with whole abdomen irradiation as consolidation therapy using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to a total dose of 30 Gy in 1.5 Gy fractions. A total of 8 patients will be included in this trial. For treatment planning bone marrow, kidneys, liver, spinal cord, vertebral bodies and pelvic bones are defined as organs at risk. The planning target volume includes the entire peritoneal cavity plus pelvic and para-aortic node regions.

The primary endpoint of the study is the evaluation of the feasibility of intensity-modulated WAI, the secondary endpoint is evaluation of the toxicity of intensity modulated WAI before continuing with the phase I/II study. The aim is to explore the potential of IMRT as a new method for WAI to decrease the dose to kidneys, liver, bone marrow while covering the peritoneal cavity with a homogenous dose, and to implement whole abdominal intensity-modulated radiotherapy into the adjuvant multimodal treatment concept of advanced ovarian cancer FIGO stage III.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 75 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- histologically confirmed ovarian cancer stage FIGO III

- grade 2 or 3

- maximal typical surgical resection (including at least total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, omentectomy, debulking of tumour masses)

- postoperative residual tumour of less than 1 cm (maximal diameter of largest tumour residual is 1 cm)

- adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of six courses of carboplatin/paclitaxel or carboplatin/docetaxel

- complete remission after chemotherapy

- Karnofsky performance Score >60

- patients > 18 and < 75 years of age

- written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- stage FIGO I or II

- stage IV (distal metastasis)

- stage III R2 > 1 cm

- delayed wound healing post laparotomy

- neutrophil count (ANC) < 2000/ml before radiotherapy

- platelets < 100000/ml

- connective tissue disease, sclerodermia

- clinically active renal, hepatic, cardiac, metabolic, respiratory, coagulation or haematopoietic disease

- participation in another clinical trial

- patient refusal
Location
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400
Heidelberg, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Nathalie Rochet - +49-6221-568201 - nathalie.rochet@med.uni-heidelberg.de
Start Date
July 2006
Completion Date
November 2012
Sponsors
Heidelberg University
Source
Heidelberg University
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page