Phase I/II Study of Mitoxantrone, Etoposide and Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Conditions: official terms
Leukemia - Leukemia, Myeloid - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Conditions: Keywords
Acute myeloid leukemia, Refractory, Relapsed, Second line, Gemtuzumab ozogamicin, Mitoxantrone, Etoposide, Phase I, Phase II
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Type: Drug
Name: Mitoxantrone Type: Drug
Name: Etoposide Type: Drug
Overall Status
The purpose of this study is to investigate the combination of gemtuzumab ozogamicin, mitoxantrone and etoposide as second line therapy in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
Detailed Description
The combination of mitoxantrone and etoposide is an active regimen in refractory/relapsed AML patients. In order to improve the efficacy of mitoxantrone and etoposide as second line therapy in patients with AML we proposed to conduct a phase I/II clinical trial combining gemtuzumab ozogamicin with mitoxantrone and etoposide. The phase I portion of the trial will determine the maximum tolerated dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin combined with mitoxantrone and etoposide and the phase II portion of the trial will determine the efficacy and safety of the combined regimen in patients with AML.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 70 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Able to understand and have the ability to provide written consent

- Between 18 and 70 years of age

- Patients with CD33 positive (determined as CD33 expression in ≥ 20% of leukemic blasts) de novo AML that did not respond to first line induction therapy

- ECOG Performance Status of 0-2

- Patients must have the following laboratory values within 48 hours prior to beginning protocol treatment: Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/ml and calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50mL/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault equation); AST ≤ 59 IU/L; ALT ≤ 72 IU/L; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.3 mg/ml; Note: Hematologic abnormalities will not be used as a criteria for entry or exclusion.

- Patients must have left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥50%

- Females of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test during screening and all subjects must agree to use an effective method of contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia

- Prior use of mitoxantrone or etoposide or gemtuzumab ozogamicin

- Antecedent hematologic disorder preceding initial presentation of AML or therapy related AML

- History of thromboembolic event within the past 12 months

- Hepatitis B or C or HIV positive serology

- Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) involvement

- History of congestive heart failure

- Myocardial infarction in the past 6 months

- Uncontrolled, life-threatening infection that is not responding to antimicrobial therapy

- History of psychiatric disorder which may compromise compliance with the protocol or which does not allow for appropriate informed consent

- Patient may not be receiving any other anti neoplastic investigational agents

- INR> 1.5 or patient is receiving systemic anticoagulation (e.g warfarin)

- Patient undergone autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation

- Other active malignancies except for non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

- Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute / Hillman Cancer Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
September 2008
Completion Date
April 2011
University of Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page