First-Line Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
Conditions
Lung Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - Lung Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer, stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: carboplatin Type: Drug
Name: docetaxel Type: Drug
Name: gemcitabine hydrochloride Type: Drug
Name: vinorelbine tartrate Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is most effective in treating non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is comparing different combination chemotherapy regimens to see how well they work as first-line therapy in treating patients with stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.
Detailed Description
OBJECTIVES:

- To assess treatment outcomes of adjuvant chemotherapy based on ERCC1 and RRM1 mRNA levels in patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

RNA is isolated from pretreatment biopsy samples and analyzed with reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) assays to determine ERCC1 and RRM1 mRNA expression.

- Arm I: Patients receive standard chemotherapy comprising docetaxel IV and carboplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Arm II: Patients are treated according to ERCC1 and RRM1 mRNA expression levels as determined by RT-PCR.

- Genotype A1 (high ERCC1 and high RRM1 mRNA levels): Patients receive non-platinum doublet chemotherapy comprising docetaxel and vinorelbine ditartrate IV on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Genotype A2 (high ERCC1 and low RRM1 mRNA levels): Patients receive non-platinum doublet chemotherapy comprising gemcitabine hydrochloride IV and vinorelbine ditartrate IV on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Genotype B1 (low ERCC1 and high RRM1 mRNA levels): Patients receive platinum doublet chemotherapy comprising docetaxel IV and carboplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Genotype B2 (low ERCC1 and low RRM1 mRNA levels): Patients receive platinum doublet chemotherapy comprising gemcitabine hydrochloride IV on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically proven or radiologically and clinically suspected stage IIIB (with malignant pleural effusion) or IV non-small cell lung cancer

- Unresectable disease

- At least 1 measurable lesion (> 10 mm with spiral CT scan or > 20 mm with conventional CT scan)

- No symptomatic or untreated brain metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- ECOG performance status 0-1

- Life expectancy > 12 weeks

- ANC ≥ 1,500/mm³

- Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL

- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³

- AST and ALT < 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL

- Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN

- Not pregnant or nursing

- No serious uncontrolled systemic intercurrent illness, including any of the following:

- Acute myocardial infarction

- Uncontrolled arrhythmia

- Uncontrolled heart failure

- Sepsis

- Poorly controlled diabetes

- No other malignancy within the last 5 years, except for carcinoma in situ of the cervix or nonmelanomatous carcinoma of the skin

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy, including cranial irradiation

- At least 3 weeks since prior major surgery

- No prior systemic chemotherapy except adjuvant chemotherapy provided it was completed more than 12 months ago
Location
Yonsei Cancer Center at Yonsei University Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Byung Chul Cho - 82-2-222-822
Start Date
June 2008
Sponsors
Yonsei University
Source
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page