Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine Sulfate, and Prednisone With or Without Liposome-Encapsulated Doxorubicin Citrate in Treating Older Patients With Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Diffuse Large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Conditions
Lymphoma
Conditions: official terms
Lymphoma - Lymphoma, B-Cell - Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Conditions: Keywords
contiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, stage III adult diffuse large cell lymphoma, stage IV adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: filgrastim Type: Biological
Name: pegfilgrastim Type: Biological
Name: rituximab Type: Biological
Name: cyclophosphamide Type: Drug
Name: liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate Type: Drug
Name: prednisone Type: Drug
Name: vincristine sulfate Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, prednisone, and liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether rituximab and combination chemotherapy are more effective when given together with or without liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate in treating older patients with diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying the side effects of giving rituximab together with cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone with or without liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate and to see how well it works in treating older patients with stage II, stage III, or stage IV diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Detailed Description
OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To assess the therapeutic efficacy of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone with vs without liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate, in terms of complete remission rate at 6 months, in vulnerable or frail elderly patients with stage II, III, or IV diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

- To assess the safety of these regimens in these patients.

Secondary

- To evaluate the progression-free survival, event-free survival, and overall survival rates at 6 and 24 months in patients treated with these regimens.

- To evaluate the overall response rate at 6 and 24 months in patients treated with these regimens.

- To evaluate the duration of complete remission in patients treated with these regimens.

- To evaluate the acute side effects (according to the International CTC scale) of these regimens in these patients.

- To evaluate the geriatric condition and quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I (R-COP regimen): Patients receive rituximab IV, cyclophosphamide IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1. Patients also receive oral prednisone on days 1-5 and filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on days 8-14 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 2. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 3 courses.

- Arm II (R-COPY regimen): Patients receive rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, prednisone, and filgrastim or pegfilgrastim as in arm I. Patients also receive liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 3 courses.

After 3 courses of R-COP or R-COPY, patients undergo evaluation. Patients with disease progression or a response of < 25% are removed from the study. Patients with a response of ≥ 25% receive 3 more courses of R-COP or R-COPY, followed by rituximab IV alone on day 1 of courses 7 and 8 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After the completion of chemotherapy, some patients may undergo radiotherapy.

Patients complete quality of life and geriatric assessment questionnaires at baseline and periodically during study treatment.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 70 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

- Stage II, III, or IV disease (according to the WHO classification), including all morphological and clinical variants

- No Burkitt-like lymphoma (presence of small cells in the bone marrow biopsy allowed)

- CD20+ disease

- Has ≥ 1 measurable target lesion ≥ 1.1 cm (according to the International Workshop Criteria)

- Poor physiological status, as defined by ≥ 1 of the following criteria:

- WHO performance status 3

- Clinical evaluation and measurement of LVEF that would preclude doxorubicin administration (i.e., LVEF < 50%)

- Creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min

- Serum bilirubin > 30 μmol/L

- Severe comorbidity that would preclude the use of CHOP chemotherapy

- Ineligible for standard R-CHOP therapy

- No cerebral or meningeal involvement

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- WHO performance status 0-3

- ANC > 750/mm^3

- Platelet count > 50,000/mm^3

- LVEF > 35%

- Able to receive either R-COP or R-COPY therapy

- No congestive heart failure, serious arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

- No other malignancy within the past 5 years except for adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin or curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix

- No active infection

- No active viral hepatitis B or C by serology

- No known HIV positivity

- No hypersensitivity to rituximab, any of its excipients, or to murine proteins

- No documented history of allergy to eggs or egg products

- No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude compliance with study treatment or follow-up schedule

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- No prior therapy for this cancer

- No prior anthracycline administration with a cumulative dose > 240 mg/m² of doxorubicin hydrochloride or > 400 mg/m² of epirubicin hydrochloride

- More than 30 days since prior participation in another clinical trial involving investigational drugs

- No other concurrent antineoplastic agents
Location
Institut Bergonie
Bordeaux, France
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Pierre Soubeyran, MD, PhD - 33-556-333-267 - soubeyran_p@bergonie.org
Start Date
October 2008
Sponsors
Institut Bergonié
Source
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page