Sorafenib Tosylate With or Without Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Oxaliplatin in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced, Unresectable, or Metastatic Liver Cancer
Liver Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - Liver Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
adult primary hepatocellular carcinoma, localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer, recurrent adult primary liver cancer, advanced adult primary liver cancer
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: gemcitabine hydrochloride Type: Drug
Name: oxaliplatin Type: Drug
Name: sorafenib tosylate Type: Drug
Overall Status
RATIONALE: Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether sorafenib tosylate is more effective when given with or without gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin in treating patients with liver cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying sorafenib tosylate to see how well it works when given with or without gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin in treating patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic liver cancer.
Detailed Description


- Assess progression-free survival (RECIST) in patients with locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma treated with sorafenib tosylate with vs without gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin.


- Evaluate the tolerability of these regimens in these patients.

- Determine the objective response rate (RECIST) in patients treated with these regimens.

- Assess the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.

- Evaluate the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib tosylate.

- Assess biomarkers (e.g., pERK levels) associated with treatment response.

- Assess angiogenic response by functional imaging.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to performance status and CLIP score. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate as in arm I. Patients also receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 100 minutes on day 1 and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 2. Treatment with gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin repeats every 14 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Arm II: Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate twice daily on days 1-14. In both arms, courses with sorafenib tosylate repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples and/ or tumor tissue samples may be collected for further analysis.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 2 months until disease progression and then every 6 months thereafter.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma not amenable to liver transplantation

- Locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic disease

- At least 1 lesion accurately measured in ≥ 1 dimension according to RECIST criteria AND has not been previously treated with local therapy (e.g., intra-arterial chemoembolization, radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection, or cryoablation)

- No presence of bone metastasis only

- No known brain metastasis


- WHO performance status 0-1

- Life expectancy > 12 weeks

- ANC > 1,500/mm^3

- WBC > 3,000/mm^3

- Platelet count ≥ 90,000/mm^3

- Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL

- Total protein ≥ 40%

- ALT or AST ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN

- Amylase and lipase < 1.5 times ULN

- Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN

- Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min

- Albumin ≥ 2.8 mg/dL

- INR ≤ 2.3

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception during study and for up to 4 months for females and 6 months for males after completion of study treatment

- CLIP score 0-3

- No Child Pugh score B or C cirrhosis

- No known HIV positivity

- No other prior malignancy, except adequately treated or curative basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

- No known or suspected allergy to the investigational agent or any agent given in association with this study

- No cardiovascular disease, including any of the following:

- Cardiac arrhythmia requiring antiarrhythmic therapy, except beta-blockers or digoxin for chronic atrial fibrillation

- Active coronary artery disease or ischemia

- Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

- NYHA class II-IV congestive heart failure

- No uncontrolled hypertension

- No severe active bacterial or fungal infection > CTCAE v3.0 grade 2

- No peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2

- No condition that could affect the absorption of study drug, including any of the following:

- Malabsorption syndrome

- Disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function

- Bowel obstruction or sub-obstruction

- No dysphagia or inability to swallow tablets

- No history of seizures requiring long-term antiepileptic treatment

- No unstable condition that would jeopardize safety or compliance with study including any of the following :

- Medical, psychological, or social conditions

- Substance abuse

- Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity

- No psychological, familial, social, or geographic reasons that would preclude clinical follow-up

- Must be registered in a social security program


- No prior organ transplantation with immunosuppressive treatment

- No prior systemic chemotherapy or systemic antiangiogenic treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma

- No prior major resection of the stomach or proximal small bowel

- Prior anticoagulation therapy (e.g., warfarin or heparin) allowed with INR parameters within normal limit range

- At least 4 weeks since prior local therapy to lesions and treated lesions may not be selected as target lesions

- No concurrent or prior long-term treatment with CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., rifampin, hypericum perforatum, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and dexamethasone)

- No concurrent antitumoral treatment, including tamoxifen, interferon, or somatostatin analogues

- No other concurrent experimental drugs or anticancer therapy
Centre Regional de Lutte Contre le Cancer - Centre Val d'Aurelle
Montpellier, France
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Eric Assenat, MD - 33-4-6761-2593
Start Date
December 2008
Institut du Cancer de Montpellier - Val d'Aurelle
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page