Radiation Therapy and Cisplatin With or Without Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Stage IB, Stage II, or Stage IIIB Cervical Cancer
Conditions
Cervical Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
stage IB cervical cancer, stage IIA cervical cancer, stage IIB cervical cancer, stage III cervical cancer, cervical adenocarcinoma, cervical squamous cell carcinoma
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: cetuximab Type: Biological
Name: cisplatin Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy given together with cisplatin is more effective with or without cetuximab in treating patients with cervical cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying giving radiation therapy together with cisplatin to see how well it works compared with radiation therapy and cisplatin given together with cetuximab in treating patients with stage IB, stage II, or stage IIIB cervical cancer.
Detailed Description
OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Evaluate the efficacy of treatment with cetuximab and a standard radiochemotherapy regimen (pelvic radiotherapy and cisplatin) in patients with stage IB2, II, and IIIB cervical cancer by evaluating the number of patients without recurrence at 2 years.

Secondary

- Analyze the tumor response by MRI after external radiotherapy.

- Assess the tolerance of cetuximab and standard radiochemotherapy in patients not previously treated and in generally good condition.

- Study the correlation between treatment response and analysis of EGFR mutations (exons 18-21 of the tyrosine kinase domain including the two hot spots L858R and E746-A750).

- Study the correlation between treatment response and evaluation of number of copies of the EGFR gene.

- Study the correlation between treatment response and analysis of mutations of codons 12 and 13 of KRAS2 by direct sequencing.

- Study the correlation between treatment response and research of DNA sequences of human papillomavirus.

- Study the correlation between treatment response and overexpression of EGFR and COX2 (centralized) by IHC.

- Study the correlation between treatment response and characterization of a genomic signature (genome, transcriptome, and Affymetrix chips from samples frozen in liquid nitrogen).

- Collect tumor samples for molecular analysis.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to planned surgery (yes vs no) and are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour once weekly during weeks 1-6. Patients also undergo pelvic radiotherapy 5 days a week during weeks 2-5 or 2-6.

- Arm II: Patients receive cisplatin and undergo radiotherapy as in arm I. Patients also receive cetuximab IV over 1 hour once weekly during weeks 1-6.

After 6-8 weeks of study treatment, patients continue treatment as recommended by their center (i.e., utero-vaginal brachytherapy, additional radiotherapy, or surgery).

Tumor tissue and blood samples are collected for further analysis.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 3-4 weeks and then every 4 months for 2 years.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Diagnosis of cervical cancer

- Squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma

- Stage IB2-IIIB disease

- Not immediately operable

- Origin of the tumor and presence of measurable target lesion according to RECIST criteria confirmed by T2-weighted MRI

- Data imaging scan and PET scan (optional) confirmed absence of lumbo-aortic adenopathy

- No other associated pathology that would preclude study treatment

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- WHO performance status 0-1

- Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL

- ANC > 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3

- Alkaline phosphatase < 2 times normal

- Total bilirubin < 1.5 times normal

- Creatinine < 130 μmol/L

- Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min

- Normal vital functions

- Not pregnant

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- Able to provide the imaging exams on CD ROM (DICOM 3.0 or higher) for centralized review

- No history of another cancer that recurred within the past 5 years except for basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

- No absolute contraindication to MRI (i.e., claustrophobia, pacemaker, or cochlear implant)

- No geographical, social, or psychological situations that preclude study follow up

- Not deprived of liberty or under guardianship

- Receiving benefits from a social security system

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- No prior treatment (i.e., chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, or, especially, therapy with an investigational agent) for this cancer

- No concurrent participation in a clinical trial with an experimental agent
Location
Institut Curie Hopital
Paris, France
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Susan Scholl, MD - 33-44-32-4687 - suzy.scholl@curie.net
Start Date
March 2009
Sponsors
Institut Curie
Source
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page