Calcitriol in Advanced Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
Advanced Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
Conditions: official terms
Cholangiocarcinoma - Liver Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Vitamin D, Calcitriol, cholangiocarcinoma, Clinical trial
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Calcitriol
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), cancer of the bile duct, is the first cause of cancer death of the people in the northeast of Thailand. The incidence of CCA in this region is highest not only in the country but in the world. CCA is a slow growing but highly metastatic tumor. At present, there is no standard chemotherapy or effective treatment for CCA. Most of the patients have short survival after diagnosis. Strong evidences from in vitro, animal and clinical studies indicate that vitamin D can prevent and control growth of cancer. Our preclinical studies in CCA cell lines, animal and patient tissue culture indicate that vitamin D effectively reduce growth of CCA. Supplementation of vitamin D to chemotherapeutic drugs enhance drug toxicity and better response. At present, there are several clinical trials in USA on supplementation of vitamin D or its analogs to cancer patients. The side effect or toxicity of using vitamin D supplementation is low, some patients had stable disease and some had good response. The current study is set up a clinical trial phase II of vitamin D (calcitriol) in combination with 5-fluorouracil, Mitomycin C and Leucovorin in an open label-non-randomized study to evaluate the tumor response in patients with advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. This study will provide an alternative/effective chemotherapy treatment for CCA patients. Better survival and improved quality of life are also expected.
Detailed Description
- OUTLINE: This is a dose-limiting toxicity study of calcitriol.

- EVALUAITON: During the initial phase, 14 patients will be accrued for this study. If the number of patient's response to calcitriol and 5-fluorouracil/mitomycin C/leucovorin is less than 1/14, the study will be stopped. However there is one patient who responses to calcitriol and 5-fluorouracil/mitomycin C/leucovorin, the new 14 patients will be accrued during the secondary phase of study.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Minimum Age: 30 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Proven histological or cytological diagnosis of advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (stage III, IV); Patients are ineligible for surgery.

2. Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease.

3. Age between 30-65 years

4. Performance status must be ECOG 0-1.

5. No prior use of chemotherapy or palliative radiation

6. Tumor size by CT scan must be larger than 10 mm.x10 mm.

7. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.

8. Adequate bone marrow, hepatic, and renal function, as evidenced by the following: WBC > 3.0 x 109/L, neutrophils > 1.5 x 109 /L; platelet count > 100 x 109/L; Hct > 30%; total bilirubin < 1 mg/dL; Liver enzymes (alkaline phosphatase, AST, ALT) < 3 times the upper limit of the normal range. Creatinine within the normal range.

9. Female patients must not be pregnant; they must be post-menopausal or practicing an accepted form of birth control. If pregnancy is a possibility, a pregnancy test will be required prior to initiation of therapy.

10. Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up.

11. Patient and investigator signed study-specific consent form, indicating the investigational nature of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Known hypersensitivity to Vitamin D, 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin C

2. Hypercalcemia (patients with corrected serum calcium > 10.5 mg/dL) and hyperparathyroid

3. History of renal/bladder stones

4. History of nephrectomy

5. 30 days prior to study entry, CT scan or ultrasound shows renal/bladder stones.

6. Patients with congestive heart failure or arrhythmia or unstable angina within 6 months prior study

7. Pregnancy/Lactation

8. Palliative radiation or adjuvant therapy or chemotherapy in tumor area

9. No other concurrent malignancies

10. No active infection

11. Metastasis at central nervous system

12. Metastasis at Bone

13. Renal insufficiency (creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL)

14. Patients who are in other concurrent cancer clinical trial
Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University
Khon Kaen, Thailand
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Vajarabhongsa Bhudisawasdi, MD - 66-43-348393 -
Start Date
January 2010
Completion Date
October 2012
National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand
National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page