Study of the Efficacy of Maintenance Therapy Using Uracil-tegafur (UFT) or Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) for the Prevention of Recurrences of Superficial Bladder Cancer (EMBARK Study)
Conditions
Bladder Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
UFT, BCG
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Bacille Calmette-Guerin Type: Drug
Name: uracil-tegafur Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled study is to prove the non-inferiority of UFT maintenance therapy to BCG maintenance therapy for preventing recurrences of superficial bladder cancer.
Detailed Description
Patients who have undergone transurethral resection of a superficial bladder tumor (TUR-Bt) and BCG induction therapy are eligible for enrollment in this study. In principle, BCG induction therapy consists of the successive weekly intravesical administration of 81 mg of BCG-Connaught strain or 80 mg of BCG-Japan strain for 6 weeks after the completion of TUR-Bt.

The patients will be randomly assigned to a BCG maintenance therapy arm or a UFT maintenance therapy arm. The patients in the BCG maintenance therapy arm will be treated with 3 successive weekly intravesical administrations of BCG at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after the start of BCG induction therapy. The dosage of BCG used for BCG maintenance therapy will be the same as that used for BCG induction therapy. Patients in the UFT maintenance therapy arm will be treated with the oral administration of 400 mg of UFT everyday for three years after the end of BCG induction therapy.

The primary endpoint of this study is the three-year relapse-free survival rate.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 80 Years
Minimum Age: 20 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Superficial bladder cancer

- Completion of transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TUR-Bt)

- Completion of BCG induction therapy after TUR-Bt. In principle, BCG induction therapy consists of the successive weekly intravesical administration of 81 mg of BCG-Connaught strain or 80 mg of BCG-Japan strain for 6 weeks after the completion of TUR-Bt.

- Age 20 to 80 years

- ECOG performance status of 0 or 1

- Bladder capacity ≥ 150 mL

- Capable of oral UFT administration

- Expected life prognosis ≥ 3 years

- Hematopoietic WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3

- Neutrophil ≥ 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet ≥ 100,000/mm^3

- Hepatic AST and ALT ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL

- Hemoglobin ≤ 9.0 g/dL

- Creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL

Exclusion Criteria:

- Bladder cancer located in prostatic part of the urethra

- Anamnesis of bladder cancer classified as cT2, cT3 or cT4

- Anamnesis of metastatic bladder cancer

- Anamnesis of upper urinary tract carcinoma in situ

- Anamnestic treatment of intravesical BCG administration within previous 6 months

- Prior anticancer chemotherapy or radiotherapy

- Severe complication

- Presence of contraindications for the administration of BCG or UFT

- Pregnancy, lactation
Location
Department of Urology, Teikyo University Hospital
Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Shigeo Horie, PhD - +81 3 3964 2497 - shorie@med.teikyo-u.ac.jp
Start Date
January 2010
Completion Date
December 2019
Sponsors
Urological Oncology Council of Northern Tokyo
Source
Urological Oncology Council of Northern Tokyo
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page