Xeloda Plus Paclitaxel in Gastric Cancer With Liver Metastasis
Conditions
Gastric Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
gastric cancer with liver metastasis
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: CAPECITABINE
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
To investigate the efficacy of capecitabine combined with paclitaxel as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer with liver metastasis only
Detailed Description
Patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer have a poor prognosis. The optimal treatment of gastric cancer with liver metastases without other distant metastases remains a matter for debate and there are few prospective clinical trials to explore this area. The aim of this prospective phase II study is to evaluate the optimal treatment of gastric cancer with liver metastases.

In preclinical xenograft models, capecitabine was highly active against several tumors, including breast, colorectal, gastric, and cervical tumors, and against both 5-FU-sensitive and 5-FU-resistant tumors. Intermittent capecitabine (1250 mg/m2 daily dose for 14 days, followed by a 7-day rest period) was shown to be active as a single agent in previously untreated AGC patients, with a response rate of 28.2% in 39 patients. The combination of capecitabine with other drugs, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin, epirubicin, and docetaxel, had an objective response rate of 40-68% as first-line treatment in patients with AGC.

In human colon cancer xenograft model, thymidine phosphorylase is upregulated and synergy between paclitaxel and capecitabine has been observed. The activity of capecitabine in patients with breast cancer refractory to paclitaxel and anthracyclines suggests that the combination of capecitabine and paclitaxel may be effective in treating patients with advanced breast cancer. Doses recommended are capecitabine 1650 mg/m2 per day orally for 14 days and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 i.v. every 3 weeks.

In a phase II trial with 45 patients involved, 2 patients showed complete response and 20 showed partial response making the overall response rate 48.9% (95%CI:30.3-63.5%). There was no neutropaenic fever or treatment-related deaths. That study demonstrated that paclitaxel and capecitabine combination chemotherapy was active and highly tolerable.

The rationale of this study was to find out if outcome could be improved after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and capecitabine with or without local treatment for patients without other distant metastasis than liver metastasis.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Ambulatory males or females, aged no less than 18 years.

2. ECOG performance status: 0-1.

3. Histologically confirmed gastric adeno-carcinoma.

4. Radiologically confirmed liver metastasis without other distant metastasis.

5. No serious concomitant medical illnesses

6. Life expectancy more than 3 months

7. Be willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study

8. No Prior treatment for metastatic disease

9. Give signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

1. not fit for the inclusion criteria

2. not able to comply with the protocol

3. with high risks which may compromise the benefit of proposed regimen

4. Active (significant or uncontrolled) gastrointestinal bleeding
Location
Beijing Cancer Hospital
Beijing, Beijing, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Aiwen Wu, MD - 86 10 88196050 - wuaw@sina.com
Start Date
August 2009
Completion Date
December 2013
Sponsors
Beijing Cancer Hospital
Source
Beijing Cancer Hospital
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page