Sorafenib Tosylate in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Can Be Removed by Surgery
Liver Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - Liver Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
adult primary hepatocellular carcinoma, localized resectable adult primary liver cancer
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: sorafenib tosylate Type: Drug
Name: laboratory biomarker analysis Type: Other
Name: neoadjuvant therapy Type: Procedure
Name: therapeutic conventional surgery Type: Procedure
Overall Status
RATIONALE: Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well sorafenib tosylate works in treating patients with liver cancer that can be removed by surgery.
Detailed Description


- To assess anti-tumor activity of neoadjuvant sorafenib tosylate in tumor samples from patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).


- To characterize pathologic findings in sorafenib tosylate pre-treated patients undergoing surgical resection for HCC: 1-2 core tumor biopsies will be performed prior to treatment and at day 35.

- To evaluate the number of R0 resections in these patients.

- To correlate pathological biomarker changes in resected tumors after 4-week treatment with sorafenib tosylate in comparison with biopsies obtained prior to treatment in these patients.

- To evaluate plasma biomarkers, including PIGF, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, sVEGFR2, sVEGFR3, sKIT, IL-6, Ang2, IL-8, bFGF, AFP, collagen 4, endostatin, thrombospondin, TSP-1 and angiostatin, and CXCL12 at baseline, day 28, and the day before surgery.

- To identify potential biomarkers of sensitivity and/or resistance on biological and pathological samples of these patients (exploratory).

- To characterize the safety profile of sorafenib tosylate in these patients.

- To assess the tolerance of liver resection after sorafenib tosylate treatment of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate twice daily on days 1-28 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Approximately 7 days after completion of sorafenib tosylate therapy, patients undergo liver resection.

Blood and tissue specimens are collected periodically for laboratory and biomarker assessments. Biomarkers include both molecular markers investigating the direct antitumor effects of sorafenib tosylate against cancer cells vs the effects of the drug on angiogenesis.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up on day 50 and at 3 months after surgery.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both

- Histologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

- Fibrolamellar or mixed histology allowed

- No cholangiocarcinoma or other tubal disease

- Must be eligible for conservative hepatic resection or liver resection with curative intent

- No cirrhosis with Child-Pugh score > 7

- Chronic liver disease without liver insufficiency and without portal liver hypertension allowed

- No known history or presence of metastatic brain or meningeal tumors


- ECOG performance status 0-1

- Life expectancy ≥ 3 months

- WBC > 3,000/µL

- ANC > 1,500/µL

- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/µL

- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL

- Bilirubin < 1.5 times upper normal limit (ULN)

- AST and ALT ≤ 5 times UNL

- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 times ULN

- Serum creatinine < 2 times ULN

- PT/INR/PTT < 1.5 times UNL

- Amylase and lipase < 1.5 times ULN

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- Body mass index 18.5-30 kg/m^2 (WHO normal range: 18.5-25 kg/m^2)

- Able to swallow oral compound

- No criterion for unresectability or medical condition that contraindicates surgical resection

- No serious concurrent systemic disorder incompatible with the study, including any of the following:

- Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., BP > 150/100 mm Hg despite optimal therapy)

- Active uncontrolled infection

- Active alcoholism

- No prior medical disorder, including any of the following:

- Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmics (excluding beta-blockers or digoxin for chronic atrial fibrillation)

- Active coronary artery disease or ischemia

- Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

- NYHA class III-IV congestive heart failure

- Pulmonary embolism within the past 6 months

- Gastrointestinal bleeding within the past 6 months

- No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years, except basal cell or squamous cell skin carcinoma or cured in situ cervical carcinoma

- No history or concurrent seizure disorder requiring medications (e.g., antiepileptic drugs)

- No history of HIV infection, or chronic hepatitis B or C

- No active clinically serious bacterial or fungal infection (i.e., grade 2 CTCAE v. 3)

- No condition that is unstable or could jeopardize the safety of the patient and his/her compliance with the study

- No substance abuse or medical, psychological, or social condition that could interfere with adherence to the study

- No known or suspected allergy to the investigational agent or to any agent given concurrently

- No presence of asthenia or rash > CTC grade 1 at enrollment

- Must be registered in a national health-care system


- No prior orthotopic liver transplantation

- Not a candidate for orthotopic liver transplantation

- No prior systemic or loco-regional treatment for HCC

- No prior organ allograft

- No treatment with any other investigational medicinal product within the past 28 days

- No concurrent treatment with full-dose anticoagulants

- Deep-vein or catheter-associated thrombosis prophylaxis allowed

- Warfarin or heparin therapy allowed if the coagulation parameters were within the acceptable ranges prior to initiation of anticoagulant therapy

- No concurrent or chronic co-administration of CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., rifampin, Hypericum perforatum, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, or dexamethasone)
Hopital Beaujon
Clichy, France
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Contact Person - 33-1-4087-5614 -
Start Date
May 2010
Groupe Cooperateur Multidisciplinaire en Oncologie (GERCOR)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page