Impact of Selective Radiation Dose Escalation and Tumour Hypoxia Status on Locoregional Tumour Control After Radiochemotherapy of HNT
Conditions
Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
intensity modulated radiotherapy, selective dose escalation, hypoxia, head cancer, neck cancer
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Radiotherapy
Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
Summary
The major clinical problem and predominant cause of death after radio-oncological treatment of H+N cancers are loco-regional relapses. This randomized trial tests the hypothesis that dose escalated Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) selectively applied to the macroscopic primary tumor and involved neck nodes - which both in 80% - are hypoxic improves loco-regional control by at least 15% at 2 years. IMRT is combined with concurrent Cis-Platin chemotherapy. Tumor volume which correlates with number of malignant cells as well as tumor hypoxia are important biological parameters which increase radio-resistance, failure of local control and tumor progression. Basing on data of experimental and clinical radiation oncology we consider hypoxia as a useful parameter for pre-therapeutic strati-fication in future randomized radio-chemotherapy trials.

In addition, hypoxia imaging by PET can be used for testing the significance of selective dose escalation on hypoxic tumor sub-volumes ("Dose Painting").

As a prerequisite for such innovative studies addressing hypoxia the translational part investigates the following key issues: correlation between the size of total tumor volume (primary, lymph nodes) and hypoxic sub-volume, the spatial shift of the hypoxic sub-volume before start of treatment and the correlation of loco-regional control and hypoxia.

Before starting the main study a pre-study to assess the occurrence of radiation induced toxicities is mandatory to be performed. In a step-wise dose-escalation in a cohort-design the safety of dose-escalation should be determined. Step one: 6 patients Step two: 14 patients. In the pre-study the 1st group (6 patients) should be treated with 2.2 Gy up to 77.0 Gy for DEVPT and DEVLK. After evaluation of the toxicity the next 14 patients should be treated by this scheme.
Detailed Description
The pre-study with sequential design is a prospective multicentre interventional pilot study to assess toxicity of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plus Cisplatin of head and neck cancers

The main study is a multicenter phase III randomized trial on the effect of dose escalated radiotherapy with concomitant chemotherapy to treat local advanced head and neck cancer. The study compares two treatment arms:

Experimental intervention (group A): 7 weeks standard radio-chemotherapy with 20 mg/m²/d Cisplatin in week 1 and 5 including simultaneous radiation dose escalation (5x2.3 Gy per week up to 80.5 Gy total dose) to the primary tumour and involved neck nodes ≥ 2 cm.

The Dose Escalated tumour Volume (DEVPT) is defined by the macroscopic (Gross) primary Tumour Volume (GTVPT) minus a 3 mm margin at organs at risk or at mucosal sites to reduce the risk of high dose deposition at the surrounding normal tissue. All involved lymph nodes visualized by CT with a minimal diameter of 2 cm are also included for dose escalation (DEVLN). The DEVLN of the lymph nodes > 2 cm is determined by the involved lymph node volume (GTVLN) minus a margin of 3 mm at organs at risk or mucosal sites. The 3 mm margin as well as the part of the target volume with suspected microscopic tumor extension receives 2 Gy per fraction.

Control intervention (group B): 7 weeks standard radio-chemotherapy with 5x2.0 Gy per week up to a total dose of 70 Gy and 20 mg/m²/d Cisplatin in week 1 and 5.

In group A and B: The treatment of the elective cervical lymphatic areas is given in the same session as the GTV but with a single dose of 1.6 Gy up to 56 Gy (so called simultaneous integrated boost concept).
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 70 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Signed written informed consent

- Age ≥ 18 ≤ 70 years

- Independent of gender

- Independent of race

- ECOG 0 - 2

- Tumor of oral cavity, oropharynx or hypopharynx

- Histology: squamous cell carcinoma

- Curative treatment intended

- Tumor is classified as irresectable (see Appendix)

- Woman of child-bearing age: negative pregnancy test in serum

- Contraception in male and female patients and their partners if of childbearing potential, willingness to use effective contraceptive method for the study duration and 2 months post therapy

- Sufficient bone marrow reserves during 7 days before study inclusion; (leukocytes ≥ 4 x 109/l, absolute no. of neutrophiles (ANC) ≥ 2 x 109/; thrombocyte count ≥ 100 x 109/l; Hemoglobin ≥ 10g/dl)

- adequate liver function during 7 days before study inclusion (total bilirubine ≤ 2,5 x ULN (upper limit of normal), ASAT/ ALAT ≤ 2,5 x ULN, alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2,5 x ULN of the institution's normal value)

- adequate kidney function during 7 days before study inclusion; serum creatinine ≤ 130 μmol/l; creatinine clearance ≥ 70 ml/min

- all patients should have a dental examination before starting therapy and when necessary be treated, adaptation of a teeth protection bar

- a percutane feeding tube should be applied before start of treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

- Infiltration of the mandible and / or larynx

- impaired renal and/ or liver function

- secondary malignancy, unknown primary cancer, nasopharynx cancer or salivary gland cancers

- Metastatic disease

- Another cancer within 5 years of study entry

- Serious concomitant disease or medical condition

- Pregnancy or lactation

- Women of child-bearing potential with unclear contraception (post menopausal women must have been amenorrheal for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential)

- previous treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery in head and neck (except an excisional biopsy or biopsy for histology)

- concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or participation in another clinical trial with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to study screening

- life expectancy of < 12 months

- contraindications to receive Cisplatin

- social situations that limit compliance with study requirements
Location
Klinik für RadioOnkologie Strahlentherapie
Munich, Bavaria, Germany
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Steffi U. Pigorsch, Dr. med. - +49 (0)89-4140 - steffi.pigorsch@lrz.tum.de
Start Date
July 2015
Completion Date
September 2025
Sponsors
Technische Universität München
Source
Technische Universität München
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page