Clinical Study of Microdosing Carboplatin in Lung or Bladder Cancer
Conditions
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Phase 0 Clinical trial, Human microdosing trial, Drug resistance, neoplasm, Carcinoma, Non-small cell lung, Urinary Bladder Neoplasm, Individualized Medicine, Carboplatin, Carboplatin-DNA adducts
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 0
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Carbon-14-labeled carboplatin
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Carboplatin kills cancer cells mainly through induction of DNA damage (drug-DNA adducts). The goal of this clinical trial is to determine if chemoresistance to carboplatin can be identified by measuring carboplatin-induced DNA monoadducts, the precursor of Pt-DNA diadducts or crosslinks, from subtherapeutic drug doses given prior to the initiation of chemotherapy. We hypothesize that low levels of carboplatin-DNA monoadducts and rapid drug-DNA adduct repair correlate with chemoresistance. A highly sensitive technology, called accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), will be used to measure carboplatin-DNA monoadducts from patient samples. AMS can measure C-14 at the attomole level in specimens of milligram size. In this study, patients will receive one non-toxic "microdose" (defined as 1/100th the therapeutic dose) of C-14-labeled carboplatin. Blood specimens will be drawn for determination of carboplatin-DNA monoadduct formation and repair in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and pharmacokinetics (PK) will be determined from serum ultrafiltrate. In patients microdosed prior to providing tumor samples, a few milligrams of leftover tumor biopsy/resection specimens will be analyzed for formation of carboplatin-DNA monoadducts. Patients will subsequently receive carboplatin-based chemotherapy. The levels of microdose-induced carboplatin-DNA monoadducts will be correlated with response to chemotherapy. Some blood and biopsy samples will be assayed by RT-PCR for several putative resistance markers at the mRNA level. Side effects will also be monitored and compared to the AMS data. This trial will also utilize PK, DNA repair and pharmacogenomics data in order to determine some of the underlying chemoresistance mechanisms.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Participants must have clinical diagnosis of lung or bladder cancer. The term "clinical diagnosis" means that patients are diagnosed with NSCLC or bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) based on imaging studies, but will need further biopsy/resection to obtain tissue in order to confirm the diagnosis. However, some patients may not have cancer as determined by pathology examination of the tissue, or may have a different cancer after biopsy/resection is performed. If the diagnosis of NSCLC or bladder cancer is confirmed, platinum-based chemotherapy must be planned either for neoadjuvant chemotherapy for Stage II or above bladder cancer, or palliative therapy for stage III or IV lung or bladder cancer regardless of patient participation in this study. Stage II or above TCC patients and stage IV NSCLC patients that will receive platinum-based chemotherapy will be eligible for this study. Patients with Stage III or IV lung or bladder cancer must have measurable lesion(s).

- Prior radiation or surgery is allowed, but should be finished at least 2 weeks prior to study enrollment. If a participant has prior radiation therapy, at least one measurable lesion outside of the radiation field should be available for the evaluation of response to chemotherapy.

- Participants must be 18 years or older. We do not see any patients with NSCLC or bladder TCC are diagnosed under the age of 18 years.

- ECOG performance status equal or less than to 2 (Karnofsky equal to or greater than 50%).

- Life expectancy of at least 3 months.

- Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below: Absolute neutrophil count greater than/equal to 1,500/microL; Platelet count greater than/equal to 100,000/microL; Total bilirubin less than 1.5 X ULN; AST (SGOT) less than/equal to 2.5 X ULN; Creatinine less than 1.5 X ULN

- Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for 30 days after study participation.

- Ability to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients must not receive concomitant radiation with chemotherapy if they do not have any measurable lesions outside of the radiation field.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

- Participants who are pregnant or nursing.

- Participants who are allergic to platinum agents.

- Participants who receive chemotherapy before that includes cisplatin, carboplatin or oxaliplatin.
Location
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California, United States
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
December 2010
Completion Date
November 2016
Sponsors
University of California, Davis
Source
University of California, Davis
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page