Study of Cetuximab in Combination With mFOLFOX-6 (Oxaliplatin, Leucovorin, 5-FU) to Treat Colorectal Liver Metastatic Cancer Patients
Conditions
Colorectal Cancer - Liver Metastases
Conditions: official terms
Colorectal Neoplasms - Liver Neoplasms - Neoplasm Metastasis
Conditions: Keywords
cetuximab, colorectal carcinoma
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Cetuximab; mFOLFOX6
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The aim of this study is to explore whether cetuximab in combination with mFOLFOX6 as treatment could improve the resection rate in patients with KRAS wild-type, unresectable liver metastases of mCRC.
Detailed Description
During the last decade, chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has made considerable progress.However, approximately 25% of patients with colorectal cancer present with overt metastatic disease. In selected patients, synchronous or metachronous liver metastases (LM) can be resected in curative intention. Over the last 5 years there has been the recognition that preoperative, neoadjuvant, combination chemotherapy regimens, namely, 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid (5-FU/FA) in combination with either irinotecan or oxaliplatin can facilitate to downsize the initially unresectable LM and make the resection possible. The addition of targeted therapies might render them even more effective.

Due to these results, the investigators hypothesize that cetuximab in combination with mFOLFOX6 as treatment in patients with KRAS wild-type, unresectable liver metastases of mCRC may further improve clinical outcomes.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 75 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female 18-75 years of age

- Performance status (ECOG) 0~1

- Unresectable, histologically confirmed, synchronous or metachronous liver metastasis of colorectal cancer. Unresectable liver metastases is defined as:

- patients with five and more liver metastases and/or

- Liver metastases that are technically unresectable immediately, and expected remaining functional liver tissue ≥ 30% after resection. (Patients should be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team of three local surgeons and one local radiologist, including surgical consultation for potentially resectable patients on the basis of remaining liver volume, infiltration of all liver veins, infiltration of both liver arteries, both portal branches or both bile ducts.)

- Tumor tissue (primary or metastasis) genotypologically classified as KRAS wild-type in codon 12 and codon 13 of the KRAS gene exon 2

- No prior chemotherapy (except adjuvant chemotherapy with an interval of ≥ 6 months)

- Presence of at least one index lesion of hepatic metastasis measurable by CT scan or MRI, not in an irradiated area

- Neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L, and hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL

- Bilirubin level ≤ 1.0 x ULN

- AST and ALT < 1.5 x ULN

- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.0 x ULN

- Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months

- Male or female of child-bearing period should have effective contraception

- Signed written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any investigational agent(s) within 4 weeks prior to entry

- Previous exposure to EGFR-targeting therapy

- Any evidence of extrahepatic metastases and/or primary tumor recurrence

- Total volumes of liver lesions > 70%

- Clinically relevant peripheral neuropathy

- Acute or sub-acute intestinal obstruction or history of inflammatory bowel disease

- Breast-feeding or pregnant women, no effective contraception if risk of conception exists (for male and female patients up to 4 months after end of chemotherapy)

- Previous malignancy (except colorectal cancer, history of basal cell carcinoma of skin or pre-invasive carcinoma of the cervix with adequate treatment)

- Known drug abuse/ alcohol abuse

- Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency

- Severe organ failures or diseases, including: clinically relevant coronary disease, cardiovascular disorder or myocardial infarction within 12 months before study entry, severe psychiatric illness, severe infection and DIC
Location
Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
Shanghai, Shanghai, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Wenhua Li, MD - 8621-64175590 - whliiris@hotmail.com
Start Date
December 2010
Completion Date
December 2013
Sponsors
Fudan University
Source
Fudan University
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page