Image-Guided Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Boost and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II-III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery
Conditions
Adenocarcinoma of the Lung - Adenosquamous Cell Lung Cancer - Large Cell Lung Cancer - Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer - Squamous Cell Lung Cancer - Stage IIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer - Stage IIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer - Stage IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer - Stage IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Adenocarcinoma - Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - Lung Neoplasms
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: hypofractionated radiation therapy Type: Radiation
Name: laboratory biomarker analysis Type: Other
Name: image-guided radiation therapy Type: Radiation
Name: carboplatin Type: Drug
Name: paclitaxel Type: Drug
Name: stereotactic body radiation therapy Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
This clinical trial studies image-guided hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) when given together with hypofractionated RT boost and combination chemotherapy in treating patients with stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that cannot be removed by surgery. RT uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Hypofractionated RT may be able to send x-rays directly to the tumor and cause less damage to normal tissue. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving RT together with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells and allow doctors to save the part of the body where the cancer started
Detailed Description
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) using hypofractionated RT in patients with stage II-III NSCLC.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the dose-limiting toxicity, if the MTD is reached.

II. To determine the tumor local control (LC).

III. To determine the lung cancer disease specific survival (DSS).

IV. To determine the overall survival (OS).

V. To assess the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-B), interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-6 levels as predictive biomarkers for treatment induced tissue injury.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of image-guided hypofractionated RT.

Patients undergo image-guided hypofractionated RT over 35 minutes 5 days a week for 2 weeks followed by 5 fractions of hypofractionated RT boost. Patients also receive standard carboplatin and paclitaxel for 3 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4-6 weeks, every 3 months for the first 2 years, and then periodically thereafter.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically confirmed primary non-metastatic NSCLC; eligible histological subtypes include: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, squamous-adeno carcinoma, large-cell carcinoma, and non-small cell carcinoma not otherwise specified

- Clinical stage II and III NSCLC as defined by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Cancer Staging Manual, seventh edition; acceptable imaging modalities to document nodal positivity include computed tomography (CT) chest, positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, or thoracic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

- For clinically stage II patients, the patient must have been evaluated by a thoracic surgeon, and deemed medically or technically inoperable, or the patient must refuse surgery

- Karnofsky performance status >= 70

- If a woman is of childbearing potential, a negative serum pregnancy test must be documented; women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence) for duration of study treatment and for up to 4 weeks following the study treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have previously received therapeutic radiation therapy to the chest

- Active systemic, pulmonary, or pericardial infection

- Use of concurrent gemcitabine-based chemotherapy during radiotherapy

- Pregnant women, or women of childbearing potential who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception for the entire study period and for up to 4 weeks after the study treatment

- Refusal to sign the informed consent

- Patients who are participating in a concurrent treatment protocol
Location
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Percy P. Lee - 310-825-9771
Start Date
March 2011
Sponsors
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Source
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page