Trial of Neoadjuvant Short Course IMRT Followed by Surgery and IORT for Resectable Pancreatic Cancer
Conditions
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
pancreatic cancer, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, intraoperative radiation therapy
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: neoadjuvant short course IMRT Type: Radiation
Name: IORT Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
Summary
The current standard treatment for patients with primarily resectable pancreatic tumors consists of surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. But even in this prognostic favourable group, long term survival is disappointing because of high local and distant failure rates. Postoperative chemoradiation has shown improved local control and overall survival compared to surgery alone but the value of additional radiation has been questioned in case of adjuvant chemotherapy. However, there remains a strong rationale for the addition of radiation therapy considering the high rates of microscopically incomplete resections after surgery. As postoperative administration of radiation therapy has some general disadvantages, neoadjuvant and intraoperative approaches theoretically offer benefits in terms of dose escalation, reduction of toxicity and patients comfort especially if hypofractionated regimens with highly conformal techniques like intensity-modulated radiation therapy are considered.

Therefore the NEOPANC trial has been designed as a prospective, one armed single center study to investigate a combination of neoadjuvant short course intensity-modulated radiation therapy (5x5 Gy) in combination with surgery and intraoperative radiation therapy (15 Gy) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy according to german treatment guidelines in patients with primarily resectable pancreatic cancer. The primary objectives of the NEOPANC trial are to evaluate the general feasibility of this approach and the local recurrence rate after one year. Secondary endpoints are progression-free survival, overall survival, acute and late toxicity, postoperative morbidity and mortality and quality of life.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 50 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- written informed consent

- histologically confirmed, primary pancreatic cancer of the pancreatic head

- judged as gross completely resectable

- absence of lymph node metastases at the splenic hilum or along the pancreatic tail

- no evidence of distant metastases

- age > 50 years

- Karnofsky performance score ≥ 70%

- adequate bone marrow function (neutrophils > 2000/µl, platelets > 100000/µl)

- adequate renal function (Creatinine < 1.5 mg/dl)

- adequate liver function

Exclusion Criteria:

- missing written informed consent

- missing histological conformation of pancreatic cancer

- judged as gross incomplete or not resectable

- pancreatic cancer located in the pancreatic corpus or tail

- recurrent pancreatic cancer

- incomplete staging

- presence of lymph node metastases along the pancreatic tail or splenic hilum

- presence of distant metastases

- prior radiation therapy to the upper abdominal region

- neoadjuvant chemotherapy or immunotherapy

- participation in another clinical interventional study

- age ≤ 50 years

- other previous or active malignancy (excluding basal cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ of the cervix)

- Karnofsky performance score <70%

- inadequate bone marrow function

- inadequate renal or liver function

- any other disease or situation, which generally prohibits the use of major surgery or radiation therapy according to the judgement of a surgeon or radiation oncologist

- inability to participate in regular follow up

- pregnancy, inability or incompliance for adequate contraception

- missing ability to give informed consent

- legal custody
Locations
Department of Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center
Heidelberg, Germany
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Peter E Huber, MD, PhD - +496221422515 - P.Huber@dkfz.de
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Falk FF Roeder, MD - +4962215639587 - Falk.Roeder@med.uni-heidelberg.de
Department of Surgery, University of Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Jens Werner, MD - +4962215639692 - Jens.Werner@med.uni-heidelberg.de
Start Date
August 2011
Completion Date
August 2017
Sponsors
University Hospital Heidelberg
Source
University Hospital Heidelberg
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page