Vorinostat in Children
Conditions
Children With Relapsed Solid Tumor, Lymphoma or Leukemia
Conditions: Keywords
pediatric oncology, relapsed solid tumor, lymphoma, leukemia, vorinostat
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: zolinza/vorinostat
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The aim of this study is to define a dose recommendation of vorinostat in pediatric oncology, to determine pharmacokinetics of vorinostat in children, determine response rates, safety and feasibility.
Detailed Description
Relapsed or progressive solid tumors and leukemias have a very poor prognosis in children despite intense multimodal treatment protocols involving polychemotherapy, surgery, and radiation. Therefore, innovative treatment strategies targeting specific molecular mechanisms are urgently required. A novel class of compounds with promising anti-tumoral activities is histone deacetylase (HDAC)-inhibitors. HDACs are key enzymes involved in regulation of chromatin-structure and function of several proteins, and aberrant activities of HDACs are found in many cancer cells. Pharmacological inhibition of HDACs causes cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, differentiation, inhibition of clonogenic growth, and anti-angiogenic effects in numerous cancer cells. In addition, promising anti-tumoral activity has been shown in several pre-clinical pediatric tumor models such as neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, glioblastoma, retinoblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, ATRT, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Several HDAC inhibitors are now in Phase I-III clinical trials in adult patients demonstrating a good safety profile and promising anti-neoplastic activity. The first of these compounds, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, vorinostat, Zolinza), was recently approved by the FDA for the treatment of refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Vorinostat showed linear pharmacokinetics, good oral bioavailability and a broad range of anti-tumor activity in a Phase I clinical trial including 73 adult relapsed tumor patients. The determined peak plasma levels were in the range of 658±439 ng/ml (corresponding to 2.5±1.7 µM). At these concentrations, anti-tumoral effects on pediatric cancer cells and leukemias have been documented in vitro. Furthermore, vorinostat passes the blood brain barrier in mice, thus making it a suitable compound for the treatment of brain tumors.

The aim of this study is to define a dose recommendation of vorinostat in pediatric oncology, to determine pharmacokinetics of vorinostat in children, determine response rates, safety and feasibility. The design is an open, multicenter Phase I/II trial. Children and adolescents (3-18 years) with relapsed or therapy-refractory solid tumor, lymphoma or leukemia following standard treatment protocols in pediatric oncology will be included. 50 patients will be recruited over 2 years. Vorinostat will be taken orally once per day on an outpatient basis and the dose will be escalated until the individual maximum tolerated dose is established. This dose will then be applied for 3 months, when tumor response will be evaluated. Patients without progression at first response evaluation will continue treatment for a maximum of 9 months. After end of treatment (EOT) follow-up evaluations will be performed for 3 months. Pharmacokinetic studies will be performed in plasma, and in optional cerebrospinal fluid samples. Biomarkers (BMP4, IL-6, IL10 induction following Vorinostat treatment, basal histone acetylation, HDACs and H23B in archived tumor samples) will be determined and correlated with treatment response.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 18 Years
Minimum Age: 3 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Children and adolescents (3-18 years) with relapsed or therapy-refractory solid tumor, lymphoma or leukemia following standard first-line or relapse protocols in pediatric oncology

- Diagnosis confirmed by one of the Pathological, Radiological or Study Reference Centers recognized by the GPOH

- No other simultaneous anti-neoplastic treatment or radiation during the study and 1 months before enrolment

- Sufficient general condition (Lansky Score >50%)

- Life expectancy > 3 months

- Liver enzymes (ALT or AST) < 5x upper limit of normal reference value, bilirubin and creatinine < 3x upper limit of normal reference value

- Solid tumors: leukocytes > 2000/µl, thrombocytes > 50.000/µl and adequate bone marrow function to permit evaluations of hematopoietic toxicity

- No CTC grade 3 or 4 toxicity from previous treatments

- Normal ECG

- Written informed consent of the legal representatives and the patient if the patient is able to understand the study situation and to give consent (must be available before enrolment in the trial)

- Women with childbearing potential agree to use adequate contraception or to abstain from heterosexual activity throughout the study, starting with Visit 1.

- Sexually active male patient agrees to use an adequate method of contraception for the duration of the study

- Solid tumors: measurable disease activity according to RECIST criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

- History of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism

- Pregnancy and lactation

- Patient with concomitant treatments and/or anti-neoplastic treatment such as chemotherapy, immune therapy, and differentiation therapy, other targeted therapy, radiation. The use of valproic acid as prior antiepileptic therapy is allowed with a 30-day washout period.

- Prior exposure to Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

- Known active HBV, HCV or HIV infection

- Patient with concomitant treatments such as amber [Hypericum perforatum], plant extracts, vitamins, and other anti-oxidative compounds

- Participation in other clinical trials or observation period of competing trials, respectively

- Patient is unable to swallow vorinostat suspension or capsules

- Patient on coumarin-derivative anticoagulants

- Any other medication which could accentuate known dose-dependent adverse effects of the study drug, for instance bone marrow depression or QT-prolongation
Locations
Clinic for Pediatric Oncology, Hematology, Immunology and Clinical Cooperation Unit Pediatric Oncology
Heidelberg, BW, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Olaf Witt, MD - +49 6221 56 38786 or 06221 42 - o.witt@dkfz.de
Childrens's Hospital, Pediatric Oncology and Hematology
Augsburg, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Michael Frühwald, MD - Michael.Fruehwald@klinikum-augsburg.de
Prof. Hess Childrens's Hospital, Pediatric Oncology and Hematology
Bremen, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Arnulf Pekrun, MD - Arnulf.Pekrun@klinikum-bremen-mitte.de
University Childrens's Hospital, Pediatric Oncology and Hematology
Essen, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Regina Wieland, MD - Regina.Wieland@uk-essen.de
University Children's Hospital, Clinic IV
Freiburg, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Christian Flotho, MD - christian.flotho@uniklinik-freiburg.de
Department of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology University Hospital Eppendorf (UKE)
Hamburg, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Uwe Kordes, MD - kordes@uke.de
University Children's Hospital, Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, MHH
Hannover, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Christin Linderkamp, MD - linderkamp.christin@mh-hannover.de
University Childrens's Hospital, Pediatric Oncology and Hematology
Jena, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: James F. Beck, MD - James.Beck@med.uni-jena.de
University Children's Hospital, Pediatric Oncology and Hematology
Köln, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Thorsten Simon, MD - thorsten.simon@uk-koeln.de
Department of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology University Children's Hospital
Münster, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Claudia Rössig, MD - rossig@uni-muenster.de
Start Date
March 2012
Completion Date
December 2015
Sponsors
National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg
Source
National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page