Tachosil for the Prevention of Symptomatic Lymph Cysts
Conditions
Endometrial Cancer - Cervical Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
lymph cyst, lymphocele, fibrin, collagen, prevention, cancer
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Intervention
Name: Tachosil fibrin patch
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
This is a randomized trial of 140 women with endometrial or cervical cancer undergoing removal of lymph tissue (lymphadenectomy). The application of 4 tachosil fibrin patches to the pelvic side wall after tissue removal is tested against no such intervention after tissue removal. The primary endpoint is to evaluate the incidence of symptomatic pelvic lymphoceles defined by CTCAE 4.03 grade >2 within 4 weeks after surgery in women undergoing open or laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical and endometrial cancer with and without the application of Tachosil® during surgery. The study's hypothesis is that the application of tachosil fibrin patches will significantly reduce the rate of symptomatic lymph cysts.
Detailed Description
1. Background Women with gynecologic malignancies such as cervical and endometrial cancer routinely undergo pelvic lymphadenectomy based on tumor characteristics assessed prior to or during surgery. Pelvic lymphadenectomy may be performed by open surgery or laparoscopy (1-4). Postoperative complications during and after pelvic lymphadenectomy include local abscess, bleeding, lymphocele, and chronic lymphedema of the lower extremities, which has an incidence of 1 to 2% (2,3). In the present trial, we will focus on pelvic lymphoceles, one of the most common complications of pelvic lymphadenectomy. Simonato et al. described a rate of 19/30 (63%) of sonographically detected lymphoceles in men undergoing pelvic extraperitoneal lymphadenectomy for prostate cancer (4). In this trial, 4/19 men with lymphoceles were symptomatic and required medical interventions. In women with cervical cancer, asymptomatic lymphoceles detected by ultrasound have been noted in up to 11% of women after pelvic lymphadenectomy (1,3,5). In 2% of women, clinical symptoms will require a therapeutic intervention (5).

Tachosil® is a fibrin-collagen coated patch and heas been licensed in 2004 and 2007 in Europe for surgical use in humans to support surgical hemostatic interventions. The efficacy and safety of Tachosil® has been demonstrated in liver resection, pulmonary lobectomy, and kidney tumor resection trials (6-8). In men, but not in women, it has been demonstrated that the application of a collagen-fibrin patch to the lymphadenectomy surgery site may prevent a significant proportion of lymphoceles. In a randomized trial, Simonato et al. found that the pelvic application of two Tachosil® patches to the obturator fossa and the femoral canal was sufficient to significantly reduce the rate of sonographically detected lymphoceles within 4 weeks after surgery from 19/30 to 5/30 cases (p=0.001) as well as the mean drainage volume from 190 to 64 ml. Percutaneous puncture of a symptomatic lymphocele was necessary in 1/30 individuals in the intervention group compared to 4/30 individuals in the control group. (4). In women with gynecologic malignancies a single center randomized controlled trial has found, that Tachosil® seems effective to reduce the rate of lymphoceles after pelvic lymphadenectomy (5). 7/30 (23.3%) women in the treatment group compared to 9/28 (57.7%) women in the control group developed asymptomatic lymphoceles (p<0.05) (5). No significant differences between the two groups were observed in the development of symptomatic lymphoceles or the rate of interventions (5). This may be attributable to the small sample size of this study. As symptomatic lymphoceles are more relevant for the patient, it seems clinically more important to the evaluate the impact of Tachosil® on the rate of symptomatic lymphoceles after pelvic lymphadenectomy.

Symptomatic lymphoceles are defined by the CTCA 4.03 grading system as lymphoceles grade >2. This includes all lymphoceles needing medical intervention. Thus this definition comprises, lymphoceles with the presence of localized pelvic pain, pelvic abscess, fever, and/or leg edema in the presence of a sonographically verified pelvic lymphocele.

In summary, the data available in the literature demonstrate that pelvic lymphocles occur in 11 to 63% of individuals undergoing pelvic lymphadenectomy. Symptomatic lymphoceles seem to occur in about 32% of patients undergoing pelvic lymphadenectomy. Intraoperative application of a collagen-fibrin patch may reduce the number of lymphoceles, mean drainage volume, and the necessity of medical interventions such as percutaneous puncture.

Therefore, we intend to perform a multi center randomized clinical trial assessing the efficacy of a collagen-fibrin patch for preventing symptomatic lymphoceles in women undergoing pelvic lymphadenectomy for gynecologic malignancies, ie cervical and endometrial cancer. We hypothesize that, based on the data of Simonato et al. and Tinelli et al., the application of a collagen-fibrin patch (Tachosil®) will reduce the number of symptomatic pelvic lymphoceles by at least 66%.

Primary outcome variable:

2.1. To evaluate the incidence of symptomatic pelvic lymphoceles defined by CTCAE 4.03 grade >2 within 4 weeks after surgery in women undergoing open or laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical and endometrial cancer with and without the application of Tachosil® during surgery.

Secondary outcome variables:

2.2. To evaluate the incidence of sonographically detected pelvic lymphoceles of at least 2cm in the largest diameter 4 weeks after surgery in women undergoing open or laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical and endometrial cancer with and without the application of Tachosil® during surgery.

2.3. To evaluate the rate and type of medical interventions for clinically symptomatic pelvic lymphoceles such as analgesics and/or lymphocele puncture and drainage.

3. Study Hypothesis We hypothesize that the intraoperative application of two collagen-fibrin patches (Tachosil®) to the obturator fossa and the femoral canal will reduce the number of symptomatic pelvic lymphoceles by at least 66% (primary study end point).

4. Study Design Prospective randomized clinical intervention trial of 140 women undergoing open or laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical or endometrial cancer. Randomization will be by a computerized randomization list. Women will be centrally randomized by the principal investigator (CT). Allocation will be communicated by telephone after informed consent has been obtained and after lymphadenectomy has been completed. This is a single-blinded study, ie patients, but not surgeons, will be blinded to the treatment allocation. Outcome assessment will not be performed by the surgeon, who has performed the lymphadenectomy. Outcome assessors will be blinded to the treatment allocation.

5. Treatment

All women will undergo open or laparoscopic surgery. Within this procedure, as deemed appropriate by the surgeon, women will undergo pelvic lymphadenectomy. The procedure will be performed as follows:

The peritoneum will be incised parallel to the iliac vessels. Then, the iliac vessels will be screened for the presence of bulky lymph nodes. If a lymph node debulking is performed, no patch will be applied. In women who undergo routine pelvic lymphadenectomy, lymph node tissue will be removed from the external iliac vessels, the obturator fossa, the interiliac region, and the common iliac region after identification and appropriate preparation of surgical landmarks, ie iliac vessels, femoral canal, chorda, and obturator nerve. At the end of the procedure, hemostasis will be checked. A Tachosil® patch of 4.8x4.8cm will be attached to the obturator fossa and a Tachosil® patch of 4.8x4.8cm will be attached to the femoral canal of each side of surgery in the intervention group. In the control group, no Tachosil® patch will be used. No specific drainage of the retroperitoneum will be performed. All surgical procedures will be performed by the study team members Clemens Tempfer, Lukas Hefler, and Alexander Reinthaller, experienced in open and laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection. In order to ensure adequate application of the Tachosil® patch by laparoscopy, all surgeons will perform at least two laparoscopic training operations during which they roll the Tachosil® patch around a laparoscopic instrument, move it through a 10mm trocar into the abdomen, and flatten it out.

8. Statistical analysis A power calculation demonstrated that, with a sample size of 70 per group, a two-arm study has a power of 80% to detect a 66% absolute difference in treatment efficacy at a significance level of 0.05 regarding the primary outcome parameter, ie symptomatic lymphoceles CTCAE 4.03 grade >2. This calculation was based on published data by Tinelli et al. observing a rate of 32% of symptomatic lymphoceles in the placebo group and 10% in the Tachosil® group (5). Assuming a 10% drop out-rate, 140 women will be randomized. The chi-square test will used for comparisons of frequencies and cross-tabulations. One Way ANOVA on ranks will be used on means. Descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, and ranges) will be used for demographic data. Bonferroni's correction will be used for multiple comparisons of secondary outcomes.

10. Follow-up All women will undergo a gynecologic examination and a transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasound examination at the time of discharge of the hospital, performed by a physician experienced in transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasound examinations, who has not participated in the original surgical procedure and is blinded to the treatment allocation. All women will be scheduled for a follow-up visit 4 weeks after surgery including a gynecologic examination and a transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasound examination, performed by a physician experienced in transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasound examinations, who has not participated in the original surgical procedure and is blinded to the treatment allocation.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 70 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Women undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery for cervical or endometrial cancer

- Age between 18 and 70 yrs

- Informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women with previously diagnosed lymph edema

- Known disease of the lymphatic system

- Immunocompromised women such as those with an immunosuppressive medication or a known disease of the immune system
Locations
Medical University of Vienna
Vienna, Austria
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Alexander Reinthaller, MD - +43 1 40400 - alexander.reinthaller@meduniwien.ac.at
Ruhr University Bochum
Bochum, Germany
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Clemens Tempfer, MD - +49 2323 499 - clemens.tempfer@marienhospital-herne.de
Start Date
November 2011
Completion Date
June 2015
Sponsors
Ruhr University of Bochum
Source
Ruhr University of Bochum
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page