Efficiency Study of Low Dose of IL-2 to Prevent Relapse in Standard Risk Leukemia After Transplantation
Conditions
Leukemia
Conditions: Keywords
IL2, relapse, GVHD, survival, allogeneic stem cell transplantation, MRD, CR
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Intervention
Name: Interleukin-2
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is one of the best, and sometimes the only, option for the treatment of leukemia. However, relapse rate was still the key question to influence the overall survival after transplantation, even in standard risk leukemia.There were good evidences that natural killer cells and T regulatory cells, which were expanded and stimulated by the application of IL-2, could mediate protection against GvHD while maintaining graft anti-tumor activity as a positive side effect. Meanwhile, it was found in our previous pilot study that low-dose IL-2 subcutaneous administration from 100 days for a prolonged period could be a safe and effective strategy to prevent relapse in acute lymphoblastic malignancy patients with high risk of recurrence after unmanipulated allo-HSCT.

The study hypothesis:

Prevention of relapse using low dose IL-2 following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with standard risk acute leukemia can

- reduce relapse rate

- improve survival
Detailed Description
Standard risk patients over 15 years old(except Ph+ ALL, AML t(8;21) and T-ALL) undergone unmanipulated blood and marrow transplantation following day 60 post-transplantation were randomized into treated group (with low dose IL-2 treatment) or controlled group (without any intervention post-transplantation). The end points were safety and clinical and immunologic response.Following time is 24 months.

Primary Outcome Measures:

*To determine the feasibility and efficacy of administering an 6 course of subcutaneous IL-2 in this patient population. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:

*To assess the immunologic impact of ultra-low dose subcutaneous IL-2 in patients after transplantation [ Time Frame: 2 years ] Estimated Enrollment:360 Study Start Date:Jan 2012 Estimated Study Completion Date:Jan 2016

Intervention Details Description:

*Drug: Interleukin-2 Dose will vary depending upon when participant enters the trial: Given as a daily injection under the skin for 8 weeks.

Detailed Description:

- Patients receive low dose interleukin-2(Daily 1×106 IU per square meter of body-surface area) on days 60 after unmanipulated blood and marrow transplantation. Interleukin-2 treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Participants will be seen periodically while they are receiving IL-2. Physical exams and blood tests will be performed weekly for the first two weeks and then every other week until the completion of 6 course therapy.

Eligibility Ages Eligible for Study:15 Years and older Genders Eligible for Study:Both Accepts Healthy Volunteers:No Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Standard risk of Recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplantation with myeloablative conditioning regimens

- Standard risk of Recipients: CR1 or CR 2 of AML/ALL before transplantation

- Ph+ ALL,AML with t(8;21) and T-ALL were excepted

- Patients were at least 60 days post-transplantation

- Bone marrow monitoring was still Complete Remission (CR) and minor residual disease (MRD) was negative

- 15 years of age or older

- No serious infection

Exclusion Criteria:

- Exposure to any other clinical trials prior to enrollment

- Active malignant disease relapse

- Active, uncontrolled infection

- Inability to comply with IL-2 treatment regimen
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Minimum Age: 15 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Standard risk of Recipients (CR1 or CR 2 of AML/ALL before transplantation except Ph+ ALL and T-ALL) of allogeneic stem cell transplantation with myeloablative conditioning regimens

- Standard risk of Recipients: CR1 or CR 2 of AML/ALL before transplantation

- Ph+ ALL, AML with t(8;21) and T-ALL were excepted

- Patients were at least 60 days post-transplantation

- Bone marrow monitoring was still Complete Remission (CR) and minor residual disease (MRD) was negative

- 15 years of age or older

- No serious infection

Exclusion Criteria:

- Exposure to any other clinical trials prior to enrollment

- Active malignant disease relapse

- Active, uncontrolled infection

- Inability to comply with IL-2 treatment regimen
Location
Xiaosu Zhao
Beijing, Beijing, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Xiaosu Zhao, PhD and MD - +861088324577 - zhao.xiaosu@gmail.com
Start Date
January 2012
Completion Date
January 2017
Sponsors
Peking University People's Hospital
Source
Peking University People's Hospital
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page