Trial of Adjuvant Chemotherapy for High Risk Gastric Cancer Patients
Conditions
Stomach Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
gastric cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: DX Type: Drug
Name: XELOX Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
This trial is going to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two regimens of DX (docetaxel plus capecitabine)and XELOX (oxaliplatin plus capecitabine)as adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIIb-IIIc gastric cancer patients after curative D2/D2+ operation, and to investigate the optimal adjuvant regimen for such extremely high risk patients.
Detailed Description
Operation is the only curative treatment for gastric cancer patients. However, the rate of recurrence is high up to 60%. The 5 year's overall survival of patient at stage IIIb or more advanced stage is still poor and approximately 8-28%. Adjuvant chemotherapy is critical for improving efficacy further. Unfortunately, the optimal adjuvant regimen is not identified yet. The standard adjuvant treatments of American and European patients are not accepted widely in Asia area because of different operation procedure and patient's tolerability. Results of two critical trials indicated that S-1 alone as Japanese standard adjuvant chemotherapy could not improve the survival of stage IIIb advanced stage gastric cancer patients while the Korean standard regimen XELOX could. This implied that the more intensive chemotherapy must be used for the patients with higher risk of relapse. The proportion of the stage IIIb-IIIc Chinese gastric cancer patients is much larger than that of Japan and Korean. However, no randomized trial focusing on the extremely high risk of relapse stage IIIb and stage IIIc patients has been performed, and the standard adjuvant chemotherapy regimen is not clear and needs to be investigated.

Docetaxel based combination is one of the most effective regimens for advanced gastric cancer. The combination of docetaxel and 5-FU was found to have a similar efficacy to ECF regimen along with milder toxicity. Capecitabine has been proved to be a good alternative to infusional 5-FU. So, docetaxel plus capecitabine seems to be a promising adjuvant regimen for high risk stage IIIb-IIIc gastric cancer patients. But it still needs to be verified.

This trial is going to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two regimens of DX and XELOX as adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIIb-IIIc gastric cancer patients after curative D2/D2+ operation, and to investigate the optimal adjuvant regimen for such extremely high risk patients.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- a post operation histologically confirmed gastric or esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma;

- curative D2 or D2+ operation had been performed, and the pathological stage post operation was verified as IIIb or IIIc;

- no adjuvant chemotherapy before or after operation;

- Karnofsky performance status scale ≥ 70;

- prior adjuvant chemotherapy that did not include taxanes and S-1;

- white blood count ≥ 3,500/mm3, absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm3, platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3, hemoglobin count ≥ 90 g/dL, serum bilirubin level < 1.5 of the upper limit of normal (ULN) for the institution, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 ULN, serum albumin ≥ 30g/L, serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 ULN; and

- normal cardiac function with no severe heart disease.

Exclusion Criteria:

Major exclusion criteria were as follows:

- pregnancy or breast feeding;

- past history of allergy to taxanes, platinum and 5-fluorouracil or their analogues;

- radiotherapy for all measurable target lesions;

- obstructive bowel disease;

- past history of other cancers except for cured non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer; and

- concomitant treatment with other anticancer drugs.
Location
Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital
Tianjin, Tianjin, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Dingzhi Huang, M.D. - +86-22-23340123-1031 - dingzhih72@163.com
Start Date
May 2012
Completion Date
November 2015
Sponsors
Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital
Source
Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page