Proton Therapy in the Treatment of Liver Metastases
Liver Metastases
Conditions: official terms
Liver Neoplasms - Neoplasm Metastasis
Study Type
Study Phase
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Proton Type: Radiation
Name: Proton Radiation Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Local control of hepatic metastases appears to be a major determinant of overall survival. However, many patients are not suitable for resection due to medical or surgical reasons. Therefore, there is an important role for a treatment that can provide the equivalent of tumor resection with minimal morbidity. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) delivers an ablative regimen of highly focused external beam radiotherapy that targets one or more discrete extracranial lesions. Published reports using SBRT to treat liver metastases have shown actuarial local control rates ranging from 50-100% with higher doses associated with better local control.

In patients with metastatic liver disease, aggressive local therapy using modern radiotherapy techniques are promising and project to have a substantial role in the treatment of metastatic liver cancer to treat unresectable disease. The dosimetric advantage of proton therapy may lead to improved clinical outcomes with less morbidity, however, there is no clinical data to confirm this assertion. We thus propose a phase I study to determine the feasibility and safety of stereotactic body proton therapy in patients with liver metastases followed by a phase II study to determine the efficacy of such treatment on local control.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

Pathologically confirmed non-lymphoma liver metastases or

New radiographic liver lesions consistent with metastases in patients with known pathologically confirmed non-lymphoma cancer

1-3 liver lesions measurable on CT/MRI or PET/CT performed within 6 weeks prior to study entry

Liver metastases measuring <5cm

Life expectancy >6 months

Disease outside the liver is allowed

Age ≥ 18

ECOG Performance Scale = 0-1

Adequate bone marrow function, defined as follows:

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3 based upon CBC/differential obtained within 4 weeks prior to registration on study

- Platelets ≥ 60,000 cell/mm3 based upon CBC/differential obtained within 4 weeks prior to registration on study

- Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dl based upon CBC/differential obtained within 4 weeks prior to registration on study (Note: the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve Hgb ≥ 8.0 is acceptable.)

Adequate kidney function (serum creatinine <2mg/dL) based on chemistry panel obtained within 4 weeks prior to registration on study

Adequate liver function, defined as total bilirubin <5 mg/dL, serum albumin >2.0g/dL, serum levels of liver enzymes < 5 times the upper limit of normal, and INR < 1.5

Previous liver resection or ablative therapy is permitted

Chemotherapy and/or targeted agent therapy must be completed at least 2 weeks prior to radiation and started at least 14 days after completion of SBPT Women of childbearing potential and male participants must practice adequate contraception

Patient must sign study specific informed consent prior to study entry

Pretreatment evaluations required for eligibility include:

- A complete history and general physical examination

- For women of childbearing potential, a serum or urine pregnancy test must be performed within 72 hours prior to registration

- INR, total bilirubin, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, ALT, AST within 4 weeks prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

Prior invasive malignancy other than liver met primary (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for > 3years

Prior radiotherapy that would results in overlap of radiation fields

Prior radiotherapy to the liver

Severe, active co-morbidity that may impact survival

CNS metastases

Tense ascites requiring frequent paracentesis

Active liver infection

Pregnancy, nursing women, or women of child bearing potential, and men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception

Metastases location within 2cm of GI tract

Loma Linda University Medical Center
Loma Linda, California, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Proton Referral Nurse - 800-776-8667
Start Date
September 2012
Completion Date
September 2020
Loma Linda University
Loma Linda University
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page