Randomised Phase II, Cetuximab in Combination With 5FU and Cisplatin or Carboplatin Versus Cetuximab in Combination With Paclitaxel and Carboplatin for Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Conditions
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma - Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - Head and Neck Neoplasms
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Cetuximab
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Primary To investigate in patients with relapsed or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck whether progression free survival (PFS) in the arm with cetuximab, paclitaxel and carboplatin based chemotherapy is not markedly worse than PFS in the arm with cetuximab and 5-FU, cisplatin or carboplatin based chemotherapy.

Secondary

To compare in patients with relapsed or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck the following study variables between both treatment arms:

- Best overall response

- Duration of response

- Time to treatment failure

- Overall survival

- Safety
Detailed Description
Recurrent and/or metastatic SCCHN patients are, by definition patients with recurrent disease and/or with newly diagnosed distant metastases, although this group of patients has a very heterogeneous disease characteristic, they share a dismal prognosis that has changed little in the past 30 years. The median survival time remains around 6-8 months with a poor quality of life. Patients with resectable locoregionally recurrent SCCHN may benefit from surgery. Patients with recurrent SCCHN who are not suitable for curative salvage surgery or re-irradiation, and patients who have distant metastases, usually receive CT (Cohen EE et al.) A number of compounds demonstrate single-agent activity in recurrent and/or metastatic disease including cisplatin, carboplatin, methotrexate, 5-FU, bleomycin and the taxanes ( Scantz SP et al). Cisplatin is one of the most active agents identified for head and neck cancer, with carboplatin providing an alternative for patients unable to tolerate cisplatin. While carboplatin is associated with lower response rates than cisplatin, there appears to be no difference between the agents in terms of survival

Cetuximab is a targeted therapeutic agent, a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to the EGFR with high affinity, internalising the receptor and preventing the ligands EGF and TGF-alfa from interacting with the receptors and thus effectively blocking ligand-induced EGFR phosphorylation. In addition, cetuximab has been found to potentiate the effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in experimental systems. The dose of cetuximab has been found to be generally safe and effective in several studies in major tumor types expressing the EGFR. These included colorectal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and non-small cell lung cancer, with cetuximab given either in combination studies with chemotherapy and radiotherapy or as monotherapy. The main side effects of cetuximab monotherapy are hypersensitivity- and acne-like skin reactions.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 75 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion criteria

- >18 years

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed SCCHN, relapsed and/or metastatic

- Patient must have a life expectancy of at least 3 months allowing adequate follow-up toxicity evaluation.

- Clinical examination

- 1 unidimensional lesion according to RECIST 1.1.

- PS WHO 0-1 at study entry

- Adequate hematological function defined as WBC ≥3 x 109/litre and platelets ≥100 x 109/litre, ANC > 1.5 x 109/litre and Hb > 100 g/L

- Adequate liver function; bilirubin < 1.5 x UNL, ALAT or ASAT<3.0 UNL, alkaline phosphates < 2.5 UNL.

- Creatinine clearance > 50mL/min

- Written informed consent must be obtained according to the local Ethics committee.

Exclusion Criteria:

- > 75 years

- Nasopharyngeal cancer and cancer of the paranasal sinuses

- Inability to follow the treatment and evaluation schedule

- Any other condition or therapy which in the investigator's opinion may pose a risk to the patient or interfere with the study objectives

- Pregnant or nursing females or male or female of child-bearing potential not using adequate methods of birth-control

- Patients with active infections or any other serious underlying medical condition, which would impair the ability of the patients to receive the protocol treatment

- Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of the treatment

- Legal incapacity

- Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, e.g. cardiac failure of New York Heart Association classes III-IV, uncontrolled coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, uncontrolled arrhythmia, uncontrolled hypertension, or history of myocardial infarction in the last 12 months.

- Patients with clinically relevant neuropathy

- Previously treated for relapsed or metastatic SCCHN except radiotherapy for previously treated relapse if terminated > 3 months before start of treatment.

- Previously treated with cetuximab, cisplatin/carboplatin, 5-FU or taxanes for locally advanced SCCHN within 3 months before study entry.
Locations
Lena Specht
Copenhagen, Denmark
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Lena Specht, MD DMSc Professor - lena.specht@rh.regionh.dk
Hedda Haugen
Göteborg, Sweden
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Hedda Haugen, MD - hedda.haugen@vgregion.se
Karolinska Universityhospital
Stockholm, Sweden
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Teresa herlestam-calero-moreno, MD - maria.herlestam-calero-moreno@karolinska.se
Karin Söderström
Umeå, Sweden
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Karin Söderström, D - karin.soderstrom@onkologi.umu.se
Akademiska Universityhospital
Uppsala, Sweden
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Silvia Johansson, MD - silvia.johansson@onkologi.uu.se
Start Date
November 2011
Completion Date
November 2015
Sponsors
Karolinska University Hospital
Source
Karolinska University Hospital
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page