Phase II Study of Radiation Therapy and Vismodegib for Advanced Head/Neck Basal Cell Carcinoma
Locally Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma - Skin Cancer - Cutaneous Malignancy
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma - Carcinoma, Basal Cell - Skin Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Locally advanced basal cell carcinoma, Skin cancer, Radiation therapy, Vismodegib, Head and neck cancer, Cutaneous malignancy
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Vismodegib Type: Drug
Name: Radiation therapy Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are standard treatments for basal cell carcinoma at most institutions. The purpose of this study is to determine whether adding vismodegib to radiation (chemoradiotherapy) is safe and tolerable. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of combined radiation therapy and vismodegib. This combination may increase the chances of the tumors being destroyed or unable to spread to other parts of the body in people with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
Detailed Description
This is a single arm, multi-center Phase II clinical trial to assess the safety and demonstrate the efficacy of a combined modality approach using radiation therapy after induction and concurrently with systemic administration of vismodegib, which may increase the rates of complete response and sustained local control in patients with locally advanced BCC
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with locally advanced BCC of the head and neck, consisting of at least one histologically or cytologically confirmed lesion greater than or equal to 20 mm in longest diameter that is considered to be inoperable or to have a medical contraindication to surgery, in the opinion of a Mohs dermatologic surgeon, head and neck surgeon, or plastic surgeon. Locally advanced disease is considered to include involved lymph nodes of the neck. A patient with regionally involved lymph nodes in the neck is considered eligible. The patient should be considered a candidate for radiotherapy and should not have medical contraindications to receipt of radiation therapy.

If a patient has distant metastatic spread of BCC (e.g., spread to distant areas outside the regional lymph nodes, clearly non contiguous areas of bone involvement, or distant metastasis to lung, brain, or other visceral organs), the patient should be considered as having distant metastasis and is not eligible.

Note: All lesions that the investigator proposes to follow as target lesions during the course of the study must have previously been histologically confirmed as BCC.

Acceptable contraindications to surgery include:

- BCC that has recurred in the same location after two or more surgical procedures and successful curative resection is deemed unlikely

- Complete surgical resection is not possible or is deemed excessively morbid (e.g. invasion into cranial nerves or skull base, proximity to brain, spinal canal, or orbit)

- Anticipated substantial morbidity and/or major deformity from surgery (e.g. removal of a major facial structure, such as nose, ear, eyelid, eye, or jaw; or requirement for upper limb amputation)

- Medical contraindication to surgery

- Patient refusal of surgery due to anticipated morbidity

- Other conditions considered to be contraindicating must be discussed with Data Coordinator before enrolling the patient.

2. Prior radiation therapy is acceptable but there cannot be major overlap of the previously irradiated tissues with the new radiation treatment volumes anticipated to be delivered for the purposes of this protocol, in such a way that curative intent with radiation cannot be met. Furthermore, the total dose from all radiation delivered and expected to be delivered should not exceed the suggested dose constraints given for normal structures.

3. Zubrod Performance Status 0-2

4. Age of greater than or equal to 18 years

5. Adequate bone marrow and organ function defined as follows:

Adequate bone marrow function:

leukocytes: > 3,000/mcL absolute neutrophil count: greater than or equal to 1000 cells/mm3 platelets: greater than or equal to 75,000 cells/mm3 hemoglobin: greater than or equal to 8.5 g/dl (recommended cutoff subject to judgment of medical oncologist), but cannot be transfusion dependent

Adequate hepatic function:

total bilirubin: less than or equal to 1.5x institutional ULN or within 3x the ULN for patients with Gilbert disease AST(SGOT): < 3 X institutional upper limit of normal ALT(SGPT): < 3 X institutional upper limit of normal

Adequate renal function:

creatinine: within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance: > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

6. Agreement not to donate blood or blood products during the study and for 7 months after discontinuation of vismodegib; for male patients, agreement not to donate sperm during the study and for 7 months after discontinuation of vismodegib.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with distant metastasis (e.g. spread to distant areas outside the regional lymph nodes, clearly non contiguous areas of bone involvement, or distant metastasis to lung, brain, liver or other visceral organs) are ineligible.

2. Patients with nevoid BCC syndrome (Gorlin syndrome) should not enroll in this study.

3. Known other malignancy within 3 years (except for tumors with a negligible risk for metastasis or death, such as adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, differentiated thyroid carcinoma considered in remission, or the presence of prostate cancer confined to the prostate with a PSA < 1 for more than 6 months; the presence of other stage I basal cell carcinomas is allowed);

4. Prior vismodegib or other antagonists of the Hh pathway;

5. Concurrent non-protocol-specified anti-tumor therapy (e.g., chemotherapy, other targeted therapy, topical therapy such as 5-Fluorouracil or imiquimod, radiation therapy, surgery, or photodynamic therapy.

- For patients with multiple cutaneous BCCs at baseline that are not designated by the investigator as target lesions, treatment of these non-target BCCs with surgery may be permitted but must be discussed with Data Coordinator prior to any surgical procedure.

6. Recent (within 4 weeks of Registration), current, or planned participation in another experimental drug study.

7. Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields in such a way that curative intent with radiation cannot be met

8. Inability or unwillingness to swallow capsules; Patients with any condition that may impair the ability to swallow or absorb oral medications/investigational product including:

- any lesion, whether induced by tumor, radiation or other conditions, which makes it difficult to swallow capsules or pills;

- prior surgical procedures affecting absorption including, but not limited to major resection of stomach or small bowel;

- active peptic ulcer disease;

- malabsorption syndrome

9. Pregnant or lactating women. Patients who are unable or are unwilling to adhere to the required contraceptive methods are excluded from the study.

- Women of reproductive potential are required to use two forms of acceptable contraception (including one acceptable barrier method with spermicide) during therapy and for 7 months after completing therapy. Acceptable forms of primary contraception include the following: Combination hormonal contraceptives, subcutaneous hormonal implant, hormonal patch, hormonal contraceptives (levonorgestre-releasing intrauterine system, medroxyprogesterone acetate depot), tubal sterilisation, vasectomy and intrauterine device (IUD). Acceptable forms of barrier contraception include the following: Any male condom (with spermicide) or diaphragm (with spermicide).

- Male patients must use condoms at all times, even after a vasectomy, during sexual intercourse with female partners of reproductive potential during treatment with vismodegib and for 2 months after the last dose to avoid exposing a pregnant partner and unborn fetus to vismodegib.

10. Life expectancy of <12 weeks

11. Patients with widespread superficial multifocal BCC who are considered unresectable due to breadth of involvement and do not have a single definable area of disease amenable to radiation therapy targeting.

Note: If an area including one or more lesions is definable for radiation therapy targeting, the patient may be eligible for treatment on study using the designated target lesion(s) identified by the investigator.

12. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements;

13. History of other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates use of an investigational drug or that might affect interpretation of the results of the study or renders the patient at high risk form treatment complications

14. HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy, because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with vismodegib;
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Romobia Hutchinson - 415-353-4294 -
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York City, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Ming Lian - 212-639-8074 -
Start Date
May 2013
Completion Date
January 2018
Sue Yom
University of California, San Francisco
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page