ESI With EUS to Differentiate T3 and T4 ESCC
Esophageal Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - Esophageal Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
extraesophageal saline injection (ESI);, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC);, esophageal cancer;, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 1
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Name: Extraesophageal saline injection (ESI)
Type: Device
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
By using a novel technique of extraesophageal saline injection (ESI),the esophagus is to be separate from the adjacent organs.The space between esophagus and adjacent organs can be detected by endoscopic ultrasonography enhanced with ESI.Therefore, ESI plus with EUS is to be differentiate between T3 and T4 stage esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The objective of this Phase Ⅰstudy is to confirm the safety and efficacy of ESI.
Detailed Description
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and China has the highest incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).According to the TNM staging system of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) (7th Edition, 2012), EC invades the esophageal adventitia at the T3 stage; invades the pleura, pericardium and diaphragm at the T4a stage; and involves adjacent vital organs (mainly the thoracic aorta, aortic arch, trachea, tracheal bifurcation, and spine) at the T4b stage.It is considered that T3- and T4a-stage tumors can be surgically resected, while tumors at the T4b stage are not suitable for surgical resection.Therefore, it is important for physicians and patients to know whether the tumor has metastasized to adjacent organs before considering resection. The preoperative stage is unclear in many cases of progressive disease and the involvement of vital organs is only discovered by exploratory thoracotomy, because of which the resection may need to be terminated prematurely, leading to unnecessary injuries.Therefore, accurate preoperative staging of EC, especially during the later stages, is important for deciding the appropriate therapeutic option and evaluation of the prognosis.

The imaging methods used for preoperative staging of EC include endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). However, EUS has poor accuracy in advanced ESCC, especially in T3 and T4 stage ESCC. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the preoperative accuracy of EUS for advanced EC.

Since extraesophageal space contains loose connective tissue and saline can permeate into extraesophageal space and separate esophagus from adjacent organ; furthermore, saline serves as an EUS contrast agent (negative) and is detected by EUS.Therefore, we envisaged that if saline is directly injected into extraesophageal space, the separation between the esophageal adventitia and its adjacent organs (especially the thoracic aorta, arcus aortae, and tracheal bifurcation) can be observed by EUS. In our recent experiment in canine model, guided by EUS,extraesophageal saline injection was successfully conducted and saline separated esophageal adventitia from adjacent organs including thoracic aorta, arcus aortae, trachea and bronchial bifurcation without any complication.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

A)Age ranges 18-65 years old, no gander limited;

B)Patients with advanced ESCC (T2-T4) who were confirmed by standard endoscopy and pathologic biopsy;

C)Patients who agree to accept esophagectomy;

D)Patients with normal cardio-pulmonary and blood coagulation function; patients were predicted to be tolerated anesthesia and surgery;

E)Patients who understand the study, are willing to join this study and sign consent inform;

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with early ESCC of Tis,T1a and T1b stages detected by standard EUS;

2. Patients cannot tolerate endoscopy and esophagectomy with various reasons;

3. Patients who have distant metastatic disease or multiple source of malignant tumor;

4. Patients with blood coagulation disorder;

5. Patients don't accept endoscopic or surgical resection subsequently;

6. Patients with poor compliancy.
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Xin-xi Zhou, MD - +862087343135 -
Start Date
October 2013
Completion Date
October 2014
Sun Yat-sen University
Sun Yat-sen University
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page