Dabrafenib and Lapatinib Ditosylate in Treating Patients With Refractory Thyroid Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
Recurrent Thyroid Gland Carcinoma
Conditions: official terms
Thyroid Diseases - Thyroid Neoplasms
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 1
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Dabrafenib Type: Drug
Name: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Type: Other
Name: Lapatinib Ditosylate Type: Drug
Name: Pharmacological Study Type: Other
Overall Status
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of lapatinib ditosylate when given together with dabrafenib in treating patients with thyroid cancer that cannot be removed by surgery and has not responded to previous treatment. Dabrafenib and lapatinib ditosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Detailed Description

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose of lapatinib (lapatinib ditosylate) that can be used in combination of dabrafenib.


I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity. II. Evaluate potential mechanisms of primary resistance of v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) mutant thyroid cancer to dabrafenib by performing pathway profiling of tumor biopsies before and while on therapy.

III. Obtain preliminary data on the activity of the combination of lapatinib and dabrafenib in BRAF mutant thyroid cancer through imaging.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of lapatinib ditosylate.

Patients receive dabrafenib* orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 and lapatinib ditosylate PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NOTE: *Patients also receive dabrafenib PO for 2 weeks prior to beginning treatment with lapatinib ditosylate.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks and then annually thereafter.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective

- Patients must have measurable and histologically or cytologically confirmed thyroid cancer with a BRAF V600E or V600K (c. 1799 T to A and c.1799_1800TG>AA) mutation that is not considered curable by surgery; confirmation will be done at Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK); only tumors with a BRAFV600E or BRAFV600K mutation will be eligible for the clinical study; BRAF status will be assessed in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified laboratory using mass spectroscopy or amplification of the corresponding exons by polymerase chain reaction (PCR); the PCR product is sequenced on a MiSeq instrument; if there is an equivocal case, Sanger sequencing is used; sensitivity and specificity were both measured at 100%

- The tumor is considered to be radioactive-iodine refractory by any of the following criteria:

- Total lifetime dose of radioactive iodine > 600 mCi

- Absent or insufficient radioactive iodine uptake in either all lesions or an index lesion which has never been resected or received external beam radiation therapy as documented on a radioactive iodine scan (insufficient uptake must be confirmed by either an endocrinologist or nuclear medicine physician)

- Progression of disease (by imaging or thyroglobulin) within 6 months of radioactive iodine treatment

- Fludeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG)-avid lesion (standard uptake variable maximum [SUVmax] >= 3) on a FDG-positron emission tomography (PET) scan

- No recent treatment for thyroid cancer as defined as:

- No radioactive iodine therapy is allowed if given < 3 months prior to initiation of this protocol therapy; a diagnostic study using < 10 mCi of radioactive iodine (RAI) is not considered radioactive iodine therapy

- No external beam radiation therapy < 4 weeks prior to initiation of therapy on this protocol

- No chemotherapy or targeted therapy (e.g., tyrosine kinase inhibitor) is allowed < 4 weeks prior to the initiation of therapy

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1 or Karnofsky >= 60%

- Life expectancy of greater than 2 months

- Able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.2 x 10^9/L

- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL

- Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L

- Bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) except subjects with known Gilbert's syndrome

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN

- Blood creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL (if blood creatinine is > 1.5 mg/dL, calculate creatinine clearance using standard Cockcroft and Gault method or using a 24 hour urine collection for creatinine; creatinine clearance must be > 50 mL/min)

- Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.3 x institutional ULN; subjects receiving anticoagulation treatment may be allowed to participate with INR established within the therapeutic range prior to randomization

- Left ventricular ejection fraction >= institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by echocardiogram (ECHO)

- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the first dose of study treatment

- Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control, or abstinence; hormonal contraception is not allowed) for the duration of study participation, and for at least 2 weeks after treatment with dabrafenib; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

- Therapeutic level dosing of warfarin can be used with close monitoring of PT/INR by the site; warfarin dosing may need to be adjusted based upon PT/INR; when discontinuing dabrafenib close monitoring via PT/INR and warfarin dose adjustments must be made as clinically appropriate; prophylactic low dose warfarin may be given to maintain central catheter patency

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

- Patient must agree to allow 3 separate biopsies of any malignant lesion; biopsies do not need to be done if:

- Tumor is not considered accessible by either the investigator or the person performing the biopsy (it is determined the risk is too high due to location near vital organs or too great of a risk of an adverse event)

- Patient is on anticoagulation and it would be unsafe to temporarily hold the anticoagulation

- A minimum of 8 subjects must participate in the biopsy part of the study; if at any time there is a total of 10 out of the 18 evaluable subjects who have not had biopsies due to either of the first 2 reasons above, all further subjects who are registered to the study must be included in the biopsy part (i.e., subjects who would have been excluded from having biopsies done due to the above reasons would be excluded from participating in the study)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior systemic anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, extensive radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or vaccine therapy) within the last 3 weeks; chemotherapy regimens without delayed toxicity within the last 2 weeks preceding the first dose of study treatment

- Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days (or five half-lives, whichever is shorter; with a minimum of 14 days from the last dose) preceding the first dose of study treatment and during the study

- Current use of a prohibited medication; patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) or cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8 (CYP2C8) are ineligible; current use of, or intended ongoing treatment with: herbal remedies (e.g., St. John's wort), or strong inhibitors or inducers of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) or breast cancer resistance protein 1 (Bcrp1) should also be excluded; it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated list of these agents; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product

- Prohibited: strong inducers of CYP3A or CYP2C8

- Antibiotics: rifamycin class agents (e.g., rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine)

- Anticonvulsant: carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine phenobarbital, phenytoin, s-mephenytoin

- Miscellaneous: bosentan, St. John's wort

- Prohibited: strong inhibitors of CYP3A or CYP2C8

- Antibiotics: clarithromycin, telithromycin, troleandomycin

- Antidepressant: nefazodone

- Antifungals: itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole

- Hyperlipidemia: gemfibrozil

- Antiretroviral: ritonavir, saquinavir, atazanavir

- Miscellaneous: conivaptan

- Unresolved toxicity of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0 (NCI CTCAE v4.0) grade 2 or higher from previous anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on antiviral drugs and/or cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count is inadequate (< 500); if neither condition exists, HIV-positive patients are eligible

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- A history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (with the exception of cleared HBV and HCV infection, which will be allowed)

- A history of known glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency

- Presence of an invasive malignancy other than the study indication under this trial within 3 years of study enrollment

- Patients with a history of RAS mutation-positive tumors are not eligible regardless of interval from the current study; Note: prospective RAS testing is not required; however if the results of previous RAS testing are known, they must be used in assessing eligibility

- Brain metastases that are symptomatic or requiring corticosteroids (except inhaled); subjects must also be off of enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for > 4 weeks

- History or evidence of cardiovascular risks including any of the following:

- QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula QTcB >= 480 msec

- History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction or unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within the past 24 weeks prior to randomization

- History or evidence of current class II, III, or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system

- Intra-cardiac defibrillators

- Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by ECHO; (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study); subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study

- History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias; clarification: subjects with atrial fibrillation controlled for > 30 days prior to dosing are eligible

- Treatment refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mm Hg which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy

- Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to the study treatments, their excipients, and/or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)

- Medical or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with dabrafenib
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Eric J. Sherman - 646-888-4234 - shermane@mskcc.org
Start Date
August 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page