A Phase 2 Trial of Optimizing Platinum-Based Chemotherapy Based on ERCC1 Expression as First-Line Treatment in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Gastric Cancer
Conditions
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Gastric Cancer, ERCC1, Platinum, Chemotherapy
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Capecitabine+Cisplatin Type: Drug
Name: Docetaxel+Capecitabine Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The purpose of this study is to determine whether ERCC1(excision repair cross-complementation 1 ) expression has effects on platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, and to explore if ERCC1 can act as a biological predictor for the individual therapy of gastric cancer
Detailed Description
This is a prospective, multi-center, randomized control clinical trial, aimed to demonstrate if ERCC1 expression could predict the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer. A total of 180 patients are planned to be enrolled into the study. ERCC1 protein expression in paraffin-embedding tumor tissue is examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Patients with low ERCC1 expression (group L) will be treated with XP regimen. Patients with high ERCC1 expression will be randomized into group H-A or group H-B, and be treated with XP or DX regimen, respectively. The primary end point is progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary end points include the median overall survival, objective response rate (ORR),disease control rate(DCR), duration of response, safety(number and degree of adverse events), and the quality of life (QOL).
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- 18y≤Age≤65y, male or female

- KPS≥70

- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastro-oesophageal junction with inoperable locally advanced or recurrent and/or metastatic disease

- At least one measurable lesion, according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1), assessed using imaging techniques (CT or MRI)

- No prior anti-tumor treatment or an interval of at least 6 months from the last adjuvant chemotherapy, and an interval of at least 4 weeks from the last radical radiation therapy

- No major organ disorder, with normal liver, kidney and heart function

- Laboratory test must meet the following criteria: hemoglobin (HGB) ≥90g/L, neutrophil count ≥1.5×109/L, platelet count ≥100×109/L, creatinine clearance rate (CCr) ≥60ml/min, total bilirubin (TBil) ≤1.5 upper normal limitation (UNL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 UNL (For patients with liver metastasis, the AST/ALT must be ≤5.0 UNL), blood glucose ≤11.1 mmol/L

- Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks

- Signed informed consent

- For women with child bearing potential, a negative serum or urine pregnancy test result should be obtained before enrollment

Exclusion Criteria:

- Progression from prior palliative treatment with capecitabine- or docetaxel-based regimen

- Serious uncontrolled systemic illness or medical condition: congestive heart failure, unstable angina, history of documented myocardial infarction within 6 months, uncontrolled hypertension and high risk uncontrollable arrhythmias; Obvious neurological or mental abnormalities including mental disorder, epileptic dementia, which affect compliance; Uncontrolled acute infections; Uncontrolled peptic ulcer, diabetes or other contraindication for corticosteroid therapy

- Inability to take or absorb oral medicine

- Concurrent administration of any other investigational drug, or have been enrolled in other clinical trial with investigational drug treatment within the 30 days of start of study treatment

- Presence of neuropathy ≥grade 1 according to NCI-CTCAE V4.0

- Hypersensitivity or known or suspicious allergic to any of the study drugs

- Pregnant or lactated women

- Unsuitable for the study or other chemotherapy determined by investigator
Locations
The Fourth Hospital of Anshan
Anshan, Liaoning, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
The First Hospital of Dalian Medical University
Dalian, Liaoning, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University
Dalian, Liaoning, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
The First Hospital of Liaoning Medical University
Jinzhou, Liaoning, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
Liaoning Tumor Hospital
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Status: Not yet recruiting
The First Hospital of China Medical University
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Yunpeng Liu, MD., PhD. - 86-24-83282312 - cmuliuyunpeng@hotmail.com
Start Date
July 2013
Completion Date
May 2016
Sponsors
China Medical University, China
Source
China Medical University, China
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page