Perfusion Scanning's for Kidney Tumors
Conditions
Kidney Cancer
Study Type
Observational
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
To investigate the ability of perfusion CT/US-scanning to facilitate recognition of different tumour sub-types in small renal masses less than 7 cm by non-invasive imagining technology.
Detailed Description
The number of diagnoses of renal cell carcinoma has increased over the past two decades because of the incidental detection of small renal tumours resulting from increased use of computed tomography [1,2]. There are distinct subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and the biological aggressiveness and prognoses for these subtypes have been documented. Clear-cell RCC is the most common RCC subtype, followed by papillary RCC, chromophobe RCC and unclassified RCC. Collecting duct carcinoma is a rare and highly malignant type of RCC. Although most enhancing renal masses in adults are RCC, a significant percentage are benign (commonly oncocytoma), and these benign tumours cannot be distinguished from malignant tumours based on our standard imaging technology alone.

Benign primary renal masses include simple renal cysts, psuedotumours, angiomyolipomas, oncocytomas, juxtaglomerular tumours, multilocular cystic nephromas, mesoblastic nephromas and papillary adenomas. In a recent surgical series of 228 patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy with lesions ≤4 cm, 26.3% were benign [3]. The relatively high percentage of patients with benign renal cortical neoplasms who undergo surgery highlights the importance of new diagnostic technology in avoiding over-treatment.

Ultrasound (US) and CT scanning guided biopsy is the most commonly used method to diagnosis RCC. The sensitivity of biopsy for small masses (≤3 cm) is lower than for large masses [4]. Sensitivity is limited by false-negative results, which are due to a failure to properly target a small mass or the presence of impossible-to-differentiate benign from malignant cells due to insufficient cells, morphological overlap or cellular heterogeneity. Non diagnostic biopsy is not necessary benign, as repeated biopsy reveals malignancy diagnosis in the majority[5]. There is no radiologic criteria consistent with oncocytoma because of a lack of sensitivity and specificity [6]. MR-scanning and CT-scanning are not feasible diagnostic methodologies for oncocytoma because of the possibility of overlapping results from oncocytoma and RCC [7].

Hypotheses: To investigate the ability of perfusion CT/US-scanning to facilitate recognition of different tumour sub-types in small renal masses less than 7 cm by non-invasive imagining technology.

Purpose: To recognize different subtype's renal tumor by non invasive scanning. Design: A descriptive study
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 75 Years
Minimum Age: 35 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients suspecting to have renal tumors by CT/UL-scanning.

2. Patients age between 35 and 75 years

3. Normal renal function

4. Can read and understand Danish

5. Non - metastasis disease detected by scanning

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients have a nephropathy (defined as e-GFR less than 50 ml/min/1.73cm³).

2. Previous allergic reaction to intravenous contrast material.

3. Untreated hyperthyroidism.

4. Pregnancy.
Locations
Roskilde Hospital
Roskilde, Denmark
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Nessn H. Azawi, M.D. - 004526393034 - nesa@regionsjaelland.dk
Roskilde Hospital
Roskilde, Denmark
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Nessn H. Azawi, MD - 004526393034 - nesa@regionsjaelland.dk
Start Date
February 2014
Completion Date
December 2015
Sponsors
Nessn Azawi
Source
University Hospital Roskilde
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page