Capecitabine + BKM120 TNBC BC Brain Met
Triple Negative Breast Cancer - Brain Metastases - Breast Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Brain Neoplasms - Breast Neoplasms - Neoplasm Metastasis - Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Breast Cancer, Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Brain Metastases, Capecitabine
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: BKM120 Type: Drug
Name: capecitabine Type: Drug
Overall Status
This is a study to determine the safety and effectiveness of BKM120 plus capecitabine in triple-negative (ER-, PgR-, HER2-) breast cancer (TNBC) patients with measurable brain metastases.

Both capecitabine and BMK120 have previously shown activity in patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Like capecitabine, BMK120 is also effective in crossing the blood brain barrier making it a preferred candidate for its evaluation in patients with TNBC.
Detailed Description
This is a Phase 2, multicenter, single-arm study to determine the safety and efficacy of BKM120 plus capecitabine in triple-negative (ER-, PgR-, HER2-) breast cancer patients with measurable brain metastases. Approximately 40 patients will be included, who have previously received ≤ 3 prior systemic therapies for their disease.

The Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) is a recently developed, validated prognostic score for patients with brain metastases. A recent study utilizing GPA in patients with TNBC and brain metastases showed that these patients had a median survival time of 6.4 months. The Graded Prognostic Assessment will be utilized to evaluate efficacy in this proposed clinical study.

Capecitabine is a prodrug which is enzymatically converted to 5-fluorouracil in its tumor target where it inhibits DNA synthesis and slows tumor growth. It is currently FDA approved for both colorectal and breast cancer. BMK120 is a pan phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase inhibitor being developed under IND# 102,823 by Novartis Corporation. As of September 2012 over 600 patients had been enrolled in fourteen separate Novartis sponsored monotherapy or combination therapy clinical studies of BMK120.

Patients with triple negative breast cancer have an increased susceptibility to the development of brain metastases. In one clinical study 46% of TNBC patients were found to have CNS metastases at some point before death. Because currently available targeted therapies such as endocrine or HER-2 targeted agents are ineffective against TNBC, current treatment options are generally limited to chemotherapy.

Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling regulates diverse cellular functions including cell proliferation, survival, translational regulation of protein synthesis, glucose metabolism, cell migration, and angiogenesis. PI3K signaling also serves a central role in the pathogenesis of numerous cancers.

Constitutive activation of PI3K signaling is known to be a critical step in mediating the transforming potential of oncogenes and tumor suppressors in many tumor types. Resistance to a variety of therapeutic interventions, including hormonal therapy, anti-HER2 therapies and chemotherapy (as is the case for TNBC patients) can also be linked to constitutive activation of the PI3K pathway.

Preliminary data suggest that activation of the PI3K pathway is a predictor of a poor prognostic outcome in many cancer types. Thus, as a pan-PI3K inhibitor, BMK120 may provide a therapeutic benefit to patients with TNBC. Both capecitabine and BMK120 have previously shown activity in patients with TNBC. Like capecitabine, BMK120 is also effective in crossing the blood brain barrier making it a preferred candidate for its evaluation in patients with TNBC.

Current clinical experience with BMK120 has shown that its most frequent adverse events (AEs) include fatigue, decreased appetite, diarrhea, hyperglycemia, nausea, rash and mood alteration disorders. Therefore patients will be closely monitored for fasting plasma glucose (FPG) HbA1c, and insulin C-peptide. Patients will also be frequently and routinely evaluated for mood disorders and disturbances. The remaining most frequent AEs will be detected by regular, frequent monitoring with symptomatic treatment to be provided as required.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age ≥ 18 years

2. Female

3. Histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of inoperable metastatic breast cancer

4. Triple-negative breast cancer, assessed as ER-, PgR-, and HER2-negative by local laboratory testing; HER2 negative status (based on most recently analyzed biopsy) is defined as IHC status of 0, 1+ or 2+ (if IHC 2+, a negative FISH test is required, ie, HER2 FISH ratio < 2.0); ER-negative and PR-negative status is defined as ER and PgR <10% nuclei positive by IHC

5. At least one CNS lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as per RECIST 1.1

- Prior WBRT is allowed, but clear evidence of CNS progression by MRI is required

- Prior SRS is allowed, but previous treatment of the measurable target CNS lesion with SRS is not permitted

- Previously untreated brain metastases are allowed

6. ECOG performance status £ 2

7. Adequate bone marrow function as shown by: ANC ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L, Hb >9 g/dL

8. Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) within normal limits (biphosphonate use for malignant hypercalcemia control is not allowed)

9. Magnesium ≥ the lower limit of normal

10. Potassium within normal limits for the institution

11. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) within normal range (or ≤ 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN) if liver metastases are present)

12. Serum bilirubin within normal range (or ≤ 1.5 x ULN if liver metastases are present; or total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN with direct bilirubin within normal range in patients with well documented Gilbert Syndrome)

13. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or 24-hour clearance ≥ 50 mL/min

14. Serum amylase ≤ ULN

15. Serum lipase ≤ ULN

16. Fasting plasma glucose ≤ 120 mg/dL (6.7 mmol/L)

17. Negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours before starting study treatment in women with childbearing potential

18. INR ≤ 2

19. Life expectancy > 12 weeks

20. Available tissue (blocks and/or slides) samples

21. Patient is able to swallow and retain oral medication

22. Signed most recent patient informed consent form

23. Signed Patient Authorization Form

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patient received prior treatment with a P13K inhibitor.

2. Patient received prior treatment with capecitabine for metastatic disease (prior treatment with capecitabine as neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy is allowed).

3. Patient with known hypersensitivity to BKM120, capecitabine, or their excipients.

4. Patient has received more than three lines of chemotherapy for metastatic disease

- A chemotherapy line in advanced disease is an anticancer regimen(s) that contains at least 1 cytotoxic chemotherapy agent and was discontinued due to progression. If a cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen was discontinued for a reason other than disease progression then this regimen does not count as a "prior line of chemotherapy"

- Adjuvant/neo-adjuvant therapy will be counted as prior line of therapy for metastatic/recurrent disease if the patient had a progression/recurrence within 6 months after completion of the therapy (12 months for taxane-based therapy)

- Endocrine or biologic treatments, without a cytotoxic agent, are not counted as a line of therapy

5. Patient has evidence of impending herniation on baseline brain imaging.

6. Patient has evidence of diffuse leptomeningeal disease on brain MRI or by previously documented CSF.

7. Patients has acute or chronic liver, renal disease or pancreatitis (liver metastases are allowed)

8. Patients has a mood disorder as judged by the Investigator or a psychiatrist, or as a result of patient's mood assessment questionnaire (PHQ-9 and/or GAD-7):

- Medically documented history of or active major depressive episode, bipolar disorder (I or II), obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, a history of suicidal attempt or ideation, or homicidal ideation (immediate risk of doing harm to others) or patients with active severe personality disorders (defined according to DSM- IV) are not eligible. Note: for patients with psychotropic treatments ongoing at baseline, the dose and the schedule should not be modified within the previous 6 weeks prior to start of study drug.

- ≥ CTCAE grade 3 anxiety

- Meets the cut-off score of ≥ 12 in the PHQ-9 or a cut-off of ≥ 15 in the GAD-7 mood scale, respectively, or selects a positive response of "1, 2, or 3" to question number 9 regarding potential for suicidal thoughts in the PHQ-9 (independent of the total score of the PHQ-9)

9. Patients has diarrhea ≥ CTCAE grade 2

10. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure 170 or greater or diastolic blood pressure over 100.

11. Patient has active cardiac disease including any of the following:

- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by Multiple Gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)

- QTc > 480 msec on screening ECG (using the QTcF formula)

- Angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medication

- Ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions

- Supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication

- Conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker

- Valvular disease with document compromise in cardiac function

- Symptomatic pericarditis

12. Patient has a history of cardiac dysfunction including any of the following:

- Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months, documented by persistent elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent regional wall abnormalities on assessment of LVEF function

- History of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV)

- Documented cardiomyopathy

13. Patient has poorly controlled diabetes mellitus or steroid-induced diabetes mellitus

14. Patient has other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled concomitant medical conditions (e.g., active or uncontrolled infection) that could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol

- Significant symptomatic deterioration of lung function. If clinically indicated, pulmonary function tests including measures of predicted lung volumes, DLco, O2 saturation at rest on room air should be considered to exclude pneumonitis or pulmonary infiltrates.

15. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of BKM120 (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection). Patients with unresolved diarrhea will be excluded as previously indicated

16. Patient was treated with any hematopoietic colony-stimulating growth factors (e.g., G-CSF, GM-CSF) ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug. Erythropoietin or darbepoetin therapy, if initiated at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment, may be continued

17. Patient is currently receiving treatment with medication with a known risk to prolong the QT interval or inducing Torsades de Pointes and the treatment cannot either be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug.

18. Patients receiving chronic treatment with steroids or another immunosuppressive agent. Patients must have been off all corticosteroids (except for physiologic doses of hydrocortisone as replacement therapy) for at least 2 weeks prior to study entry.

- Note: Single doses, or topical applications (e.g. rash), inhaled sprays (e.g. obstructive airways diseases), eye drops or local injections (e.g. intra-articular) are allowed.

19. Patient has taken herbal medications and certain fruits within 7 days prior to starting study drug. Herbal medications include, but are not limited to St. John's wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), yohimbe, saw palmetto, and ginseng. Fruits include the CYP3A inhibitors Seville oranges, grapefruit, pummelos, or exotic citrus fruits. Regular orange juice is permitted.

20. Patient is currently treated with drugs known to be moderate and strong inhibitors or inducers of isoenzyme CYP3A, and the treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug. Please refer to Table 4-8 for a list of prohibited inhibitors and inducers of CYP3A (Please note that co-treatment with weak inhibitors of CYP3A is allowed).

21. Patient received chemotherapy or targeted anticancer therapy ≤ 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosourea, antibodies or mitomycin-C) prior to starting study drug, and have related side effects must recover to a grade 1 or less before starting the trial

22. Patient received any continuous or intermittent small molecule therapeutics (excluding monoclonal antibodies) with ≤ 5 effective half lives prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy

23. Patient received wide field radiotherapy ≤ 4 weeks or limited field radiation for palliation ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy

24. Patient underwent major surgery ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy.

25. Patient is currently taking therapeutic doses of warfarin sodium or any other coumadin-derivative anticoagulant.

26. Patient is pregnant or breast feeding or is of reproductive potential and not employing an effective method of birth control.

- Note: Double barrier contraceptives must be used through the trial by both sexes. Oral, implantable, or injectable contraceptives may be affected by cytochrome P450 interactions, and are therefore not considered effective for this study. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as sexually mature women who have not undergone a hysterectomy or who have not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., who has had menses any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months), must have a negative serum pregnancy test ≤ 72 hours prior to initiating treatment.

- Note: Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or six months of spontaneous amenorrhea with serum FSH levels > 40 mIU/mL [for US only: and estradiol < 20 pg/mL] or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.

- Note: Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective contraception during treatment for 4 weeks (5 T1/2) after stopping treatment. The highly effective contraception is defined as either:

i. True abstinence: When this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

ii. Sterilization: have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.

iii. Male partner sterilization (with the appropriate post-vasectomy documentation of the absence of sperm in the ejaculate). For female subjects on the study, the vasectomised male partner should be the sole partner for that patient.

iv. Use of a combination of any two of the following (a+b):

1. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)

2. Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository

- Oral contraception, injected or implanted hormonal methods are not allowed as BKM120 potentially decreases the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

27. Patient has known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

28. Patient has history of another malignancy within 3 years, except cured basal cell carcinoma of the skin or excised carcinoma in situ of the cervix

29. Patient is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator

30. Patient is concurrently using other approved or investigational antineoplastic agent.

31. Patient taking or needing enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic medication.
Please contact Zuzanne Bristow for list of sites
Sites are part of US Onc network, & are added as pts identified, Texas, United States
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
May 2014
Completion Date
January 2018
US Oncology Research
US Oncology Research
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page