Minocycline for Postsurgical Symptom Reduction in Head and Neck Cancer
Conditions
Head And Neck Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Head And Neck Cancer, Postsurgical symptom reduction, Minocycline, Dynacin, Minocin, Minocin PAC, Myrac, Solodyn, Placebo, Sugar pill, Questionnaires, Surveys
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Minocycline Type: Drug
Name: Placebo Type: Drug
Name: Questionnaires Type: Behavioral
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if Minocin® (minocycline) can reduce certain side effects of surgery in patients with head and neck cancer (such as pain, fatigue, and disturbed sleep). In this study, minocycline will be compared to a placebo.

A placebo is not a drug. It looks like the study drug, but it is not designed to treat any disease or illness. It is designed to be compared with a study drug to learn if the study drug has any real effect.
Detailed Description
Study Groups:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 study groups. This is done because no one knows if one study group is better, the same, or worse than the other group. You will have an equal chance of being in any group.

- If you are in Group 1, you will receive minocycline.

- If you are in Group 2, you will receive a placebo.

Neither you nor the study staff will know if you are receiving the study drug or the placebo. However, if needed for your safety, the study staff will be able to find out what you are receiving.

Study Drug Administration:

You will take minocycline/placebo 2 times every day (about 12 hours apart). This will be from 1-2 days before surgery until 3 weeks after surgery.

Most of the time, you will take the minocycline/placebo by mouth or through your feeding tube. If you are unable to take it by mouth or through your feeding tube, you will receive it by vein every 12 hours.

You should take the study drug/placebo with a full glass (8 ounces) of water. You may take it with or without food, but if it causes an upset stomach, you should take it with food.

You should not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking the study drug/placebo to reduce the risk of side effects.

You will also be given standard drugs to help decrease the risk of side effects from the surgery. You may ask the study staff for information about how the drugs are given and their risks.

Study Visits:

After you agree to participate in the study, on the day of surgery, 1 and 3 days after surgery, and then about 2 times a week until the end of the study, you will complete a questionnaire about any side effects you are experiencing. This should take about 5 minutes to complete. When you are at home, you will complete this questionnaire over the phone through a computerized system. You will answer the questions using your telephone keypad.

After you agree to participate in the study, and at 1 and 3 days after surgery, you will complete 2 questionnaires about your quality of life. This should take about 10 minutes to complete.

After you agree to participate in the study, soon after your surgery, and 1 week after surgery or when you are discharged from the hospital, saliva will be collected and used to test for markers of inflammation. If possible, blood (about 2 teaspoons) also will be drawn to test for markers of inflammation. This will be during a regular blood draw and you would not need to have an extra needle stick.

Length of Study:

You will take the study drug/placebo for 3 weeks after surgery. You will no longer be able to take the study drug/placebo if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.

Your participation on the study will be over after the follow-up visit.

Follow up Visit:

At about 3 weeks after your surgery, you will return to the clinic. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

- Saliva will be collected and used to test for markers of inflammation.

- You will complete 3 questionnaires about your quality of life and any side effects you are feeling. This should take about 20 minutes to complete.

- If possible, blood (about 2 teaspoons) also will be drawn to test for markers of inflammation. This will be during a regular blood draw and you would not need to have an extra needle stick.

This is an investigational study. Minocycline is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of bacterial infection. Using minocycline to try to reduce the side effects of surgery in patients with head and neck cancer is investigational.

Up to 130 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will take part at MD Anderson.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with head and neck cancer who are undergoing either flap or nonflap surgery (limited to parotidectomy, hard palate maxillectomy and glossectomy, mandibulectomy, and any procedure with neck dissection) at MD Anderson Cancer Center.

2. Patients > 18 years old.

3. Patients who have not undergone surgery in the past 6 months. Patients may have had neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to surgery.

4. Patients must have normal renal function test and no prior renal disease. The screening cut off for serum creatinine is < 1.5mg/dL.

5. Patients must have normal hepatic function test and no prior liver disease: (1) The screening results for total bilirubin must be < 1.5 times the upper limit of normal. (2) The screening results for alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be < 2 times the upper limit of normal. (3) The screening results for aspartate aminotransferase (AST), if available, must be < 2 times the upper limit of normal.

6. Patients who speak English or Spanish (due to the novel research and its complexity, we are only accruing English-speaking or Spanish-speaking patients to the protocol).

7. Patients must be willing and able to review, understand, and provide written consent.

8. Patients must be willing to discontinue taking dong quai and/or St. John's wort.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients who are taking medications (including minocycline) or have conditions that potentially preclude use of the study medication or intervention as determined by the treating physician.

2. Patients who are enrolled in another symptom management trial or receiving active treatment under another clinical trial.

3. Patients with a history of clinically significant cutaneous drug reaction, hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylaxis or any other serious adverse reaction to any of the anesthetics or analgesics medications used in the study.

4. Patients with hypersensitivity to any tetracycline.

5. Patients on vitamin K antagonist (i.e., warfarin).

6. Patients taking any tetracycline within the last 15 days.

7. Patients who have been on opioid therapy for the last 4 weeks or more.

8. Patients with bile duct obstruction.

9. Patients who are pregnant.

10. Patients with INR > 1.5.

11. Patients with autoimmune disease.
Location
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
May 2014
Sponsors
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Source
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page