Does Intense Regimented Surveillance Improve the Rates of Therapeutic Re-Intervention After Lung Cancer Surgery
Lung Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Lung Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Retrospective Review, Pilot Study, Early Stage NSCLC, Post-Surgical Surveillance, Re-intervention Rates
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Screening
Name: Low Dose Computed Tomography Imaging Type: Procedure
Name: Chest Radiograph Imaging Type: Procedure
Overall Status
After curative lung cancer surgery, there is a risk of recurrence of the primary cancer, or development of a new cancer. Historically, patients who have undergone curative lung cancer surgery have been monitored with chest radiographs (CXR). Unfortunately, 70% of such patients still die of lung cancer. As a result, there has been interest in other methods of surveillance in order to detect recurring or new cancers earlier and have more success in treating them. One such technique is Low Dose Computed Tomography (LDCT), which is currently the standard of care and surveillance at this institution. This pilot study aims to determine whether regimented, intensive, short interval LDCT surveillance leads to higher rates of detection and treatment of recurring lung cancers. The study group will be followed up according to a regimented surveillance program using LDCT. The study group will be compared to a group of historical controls whose follow up after surgery was not standardized, but rather left up to the discretion of the individual surgeon. If the results of this study show improvements in detection and treatment of recurrent cancers, it will allow for a larger trial to study the effects of the LDCT surveillance program on lung cancer survival.

The study question aims to determine whether for survivors after curative surgery for Stage I and Stage II lung cancer, a structured Surveillance Program with Low Dose CT can increase the rate of detection and treatment of recurring or new cancers when compared to historical non-structured surveillance with CXR. This study will also determine if it is warranted to pursue a larger scale randomized controlled trial to further investigate optimal LDCT surveillance follow-up intervals and long-term lung cancer survival.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must be at minimum 18 years of age

- Patients must have undergone complete resection for pathological Stage I or Stage II lung cancer

- Patients must demonstrate the ability to understand English

- Patients must be able to demonstrate aptitude and willingness to comply with describes study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with residual gross or microscopic disease after surgery

- Patients with pathological Stage III or Stage IV lung cancer
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
August 2014
Completion Date
October 2015
McMaster University
McMaster University
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page