Efficacy and Toxicity Study of Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in Patients Who Have Relapsed After Exposure to Lenalidomide and Bortezomib
Conditions
Multiple Myeloma - Relapse After Use of Lenalidomide and Bortezomib
Conditions: official terms
Multiple Myeloma
Conditions: Keywords
Relapsed Myeloma Patients, Relapsed after use of Bortezomib and Lenalidomide, Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone, Efficacy and Safety
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Asian patients with relapsed myeloma after prior treatment with bortezomib and lenalidomide will treatment on pomalidomde and dexamethasone.

Baseline, follow-up, survival and toxicity information will be collected.
Detailed Description
Myeloma patients who relapse after prior treatment with bortezomib and lenalidomide have survival of less than 1 year. Recently, a randomized study of Pomalidomide and dexamethasone conducted in compared with placebo and dexamethasone showed that pomalidomide can improve survival of this group of patients.

Pomalidomide is a new immunomodulatory drug which has been shown to be active in myeloma patients who relapse after bortezomib and lenalidomide. A recent phase III study comparing pomalidomide plus dexamethasone with placebo plus high dose dexamethasone in patients with prior exposure to bortezomib and lenalidomide, showed that the use of pomalidomide significantly improve the overall survival of these patients. However, this study did not include Asian patients. Therefore the efficacy and toxicity of pomalidomide remains to be described in Asian patients
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 21 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: 1. Multiple myeloma, diagnosed according to standard criteria, with relapsing and refractory disease at study entry

2. Patients must have evaluable multiple myeloma with at least one of the following (within 21 days of starting treatment)

1. Serum M-protein ≥ 0.5g/dL, or

2. In subjects without detectable serum M-protein, Urine M-protein ≥ 200mg/24 hour, or serum free light chai (sFLC) > 100mg/L (involved light chain) and an abnormal kappa/Lambda ratio

3. Can receive up to 6 lines of prior treatment. (Induction therapy followed by stem cell transplantation and consolidation/maintenance therapy will be considered as one line of treatment)

4. Must have failed lenalidomide (based on 1 of the following criteria: a) Refractory to lenalidomide; or b) no better than stable disease after 3 cycles of lenalidomide) and relapsed from previous treatment with bortezomib. Refractoriness is defined as disease progression on treatment or progression within 6 months after the last dose of a given therapy. Relapse is defined according to the criteria of IMWG

5. Males and females ≥ 18 years of age or > country's legal age for adult consent

6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 to 2

7. Patients must meet the following clinical laboratory criteria with 21 days of starting treatment:

1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/mm3 and platelet ≥ 50,000/mm3 (≥ 30,000/mm3 if myeloma involvement in the bone marrow is >50%)

2. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limit of the normal range (ULN). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 x ULN.

3. Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 45mL/min or creatinine < 3mg/dL.

8. Female patients who:

1. Are naturally postmenopausal for at least 2 year before enrolment

2. Are surgically sterile

3. If they are of childbearing potential**, agree to

- adhere to the pomalidomide pregnancy prevention risk management program in Appendix 8 :

- All women of childbearing potential must agree to have two negative pregnancy test within 10-14 days and 24hrs before commencing pomalidomide and use two reliable methods of contraception simultaneously or practice complete abstinence from any heterosexual intercourse during the following time periods related to this study: 1) for at least 28 days before starting study; 2) while participating in the study; 3) dose interruptions; and 4) for at least 28 days after study treatment discontinuation. The two methods of reliable contraception must include one highly effective method and one additional effective method to prevent pregnancy, not plan on conceiving children during or within 6 months following pomalidomide. (See Appendix 8 Pregnancy Prevention and Risk Management Program)

9. Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e. status post-vasectomy), who:

1. Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 28 days after the last dose of study treatment, OR

2. Agree to completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse, AND

3. Must also adhere to the guidelines of the pomalidomide pregnancy prevention and risk management program

10. Written informed consent in accordance with federal, local and institutional guidelines

- A female of childbearing potential (FCBP) is defined as a sexually mature woman who: 1 has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 2, has not been naturally post-menopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (I.E, has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).

1.1. Exclusion Criteria

1. Female patients who are lactating or pregnant

2. Multiple Myeloma of IgM subtype

3. Glucocorticoid therapy (prednisolone > 30mg/day or equivalent) within 14 days prior to informed consent obtained

4. POEMS syndrome

5. Plasma cell leukemia or circulating plasma cells ≥ 2 x 109/L

6. Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia

7. Patients with known amyloidosis

8. Chemotherapy with approved or investigation anticancer therapeutics within 21 days prior to starting pomalidomide treatment

9. Focal radiation therapy within 7 days prior to start of pomalidomide. Radiation therapy to an extended field involving a significant volume of bone marrow within 21 days prior to start of pomalidomide

10. Immunotherapy (excluding steroids) 21 days prior to start of pomalidomide

11. Major surgery (excluding kyphoplasty) within 28 days prior to start of pomalidomide

12. Active congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class III or IV), symptomatic ischaemia, or conduction abnormalities uncontrolled by conventional intervention. Myocardial infarction within 4 months prior to informed consent obtained

13. Known HIV seropositive, hepatitis C infection, and/or hepatitis B (except for patients with hepatitis B surface antigen or core antibody receiving and responding to antiviral therapy directed at hepatitis B: these patients are allowed)

14. Patients with known cirrhosis

15. Second malignancy within the past 3 years except:

1. Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

2. Carcinoma in situ of the cervix

3. Breast carcinoma in situ with full surgical resection

16. Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome

17. Patients with steroid or lenalidomide hypersensitivity

18. Prior treatment with pomalidomide

19. Ongoing graft-versus-host disease

20. Patients with pleural effusions requiring thoracentesis or ascites requiring paracentesis within 14 days prior to starting pomalidomide treatment

21. Contraindication to any of the required concomitant drugs or supportive treatments

22. Any clinically significant medical disease or psychiatric condition that, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with protocol adherence or a patient's ability to give informed consent.
Locations
National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Wee Joo Chng - +65 67795555 - mdccwj@nus.edu.sg
Singapore General Hospital
Singapore, Singapore
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Sathish Kumar
Start Date
November 2014
Completion Date
November 2018
Sponsors
National University Hospital, Singapore
Source
National University Hospital, Singapore
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page