Nelfinavir as Bortezomib-sensitizing Drug in Patients With Proteasome Inhibitor-nonresponsive Myeloma
Conditions
Myeloma
Conditions: official terms
Multiple Myeloma - Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Conditions: Keywords
Myeloma, proteasome inhibitor-nonresponsive myeloma, Nelfinavir, bortezomib, bortezomib-sensitizing drug
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Nelfinavir Type: Drug
Name: bortezomib Type: Drug
Name: Dexamethasone Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Trial objectives:

To decide whether the addition of nelfinavir to the approved antimyeloma therapy with bortezomib and dexamethasone has sufficient activity in proteasome inhibitor-resistant myeloma patients to merit further clinical investigation in a prospective controlled trial.

Additional research questions:

To collect myeloma cell samples from proteasome inhibitor-resistant myeloma patients for the assessment of the biology of proteasome inhibitor resistance and the identification of predictive markers for response to nelfinavir-based antimyeloma therapy.
Detailed Description
Trial objectives:

To decide whether the addition of nelfinavir to the approved antimyeloma therapy with bortezomib and dexamethasone has sufficient activity in proteasome inhibitor-resistant myeloma patients to merit further clinical investigation in a prospective controlled trial.

Additional research questions:

To collect myeloma cell samples from proteasome inhibitor-resistant myeloma patients for the assessment of the biology of proteasome inhibitor resistance and the identification of predictive markers for response to nelfinavir-based antimyeloma therapy.

Primary endpoint:

Response rate based on best response observed during the trial

Selection of patients:

- Patients with multiple myeloma based on standard IMWG criteria, who have received at least one prior line of chemotherapy

- Previously exposed to or intolerant to at least one immunomodulatory drug (IMID) (thalidomide, lenalidomide, pomalidomide)

- Refractory to their most recent proteasome inhibitor-containing regimen or progressed during or within 60 days after proteasome inhibitor-containing therapy

- A bortezomib-based therapy in agreement with Swissmedic approval is indicated and intended

- Measurable disease based on serum paraprotein or free light chain levels

- Adequate hematological, hepatic and renal functions

- Absence of myeloma within the CNS

- No significant neuropathy

- No concomitant use of listed drugs which cannot be replaced or paused during trial treatment (Amiodarone, Pimozide, quinidine and its derivatives, ergot derivatives (dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, ergonovine, methylergonovine), triazolam, midazolam, sildenafil, alfuzosin)

Trial Schedule and Duration:

The inclusion of patients is planned to start in Q3 2014 and will stop after the inclusion of 34 evaluable patients, which is expected in Q1 2016. End of trial treatment is expected for Q3 2016. Trial termination (last patient last visit) is expected to be in 2017.

Accrual may be interrupted or the trial may be stopped early based on the results of an interim analysis or if new scientific data become available which change assessment of risk/benefit.

Trial product:

For this trial nelfinavir is the IMP. Bortezomib (Velcade®) and dexamethasone are not investigational drugs in the context of this trial, but will be administered as a background medication.

Trial Treatment:

The trial treatment is designed as an "add-on" therapy, where nelfinavir is added to the approved bortezomib therapy. Bortezomib and dexamethasone background treatment will be given in the approved dose and schedule (either i.v. or s.c), as per Swissmedic label and international therapeutic standard, in combination with 2500 mg Nelfinavir bid p.o. day 1-14 for 6 cycles of 21 days.

Measurements and procedures:

Before the trial treatment Clinical examination; blood analyses; imaging investigations if applicable (e.g. bone X-ray or computer tomography, MRI); electrocardiogram; evaluation of the quality of life with a patient's questionnaire; pregnancy test for women in child-bearing age; optional: a bone marrow sample is taken for translational research. Aside from the electrocardiogram, the pregnancy test and the quality of life questionnaire, all the pre-treatment assessments performed within the frame of the trial are also routinely performed for the medical care of patients with multiple myeloma outside of a trial.

During the trial treatment Clinical examination and blood analyses for the control of safety laboratory parameters; evaluation of the quality of life with a patient's questionnaire will be performed after completion of 3 cycles of therapy. Besides the quality of life questionnaire, all assessments would also be performed routinely outside of the trial.

After the trial treatment Clinical examination and blood analyses for the control of safety laboratory parameters; these investigations will be performed within 1 month after treatment end, premature interruption or before the administration of a new antimyeloma therapy. These assessments are routinely done also outside of the trial.

Statistical Considerations:

The Simon's two-stage design will be used. A response rate of 15% or less is considered uninteresting and 35% or higher is promising. The trial will be stopped early if the treatment appears unpromising at the end of the first stage. To allow patient accrual while waiting for the stage-1 results, the design is modified according to Herndon's approach.

With a significance level of 5% and a power of 80%, a total of 34 patients are required with 10 patients in the first stage and 24 patients in the second stage.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient must give written informed consent prior to any protocol-specific procedure.

- Patient was diagnosed with multiple myeloma based on standard IMWG criteria, and has received at least one previous line of chemotherapy.

- Patient has been exposed to or is intolerant to at least one IMID (thalidomide, lenalidomide, pomalidomide).

- A therapy with bortezomib in the approved dose and schedule, based on Swissmedic approval (treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior line of therapy), is indicated and intended.

- Patient is refractory to his/her most recent proteasome inhibitor-containing regimen, based on divers criteria.

- WHO performance status ≤ 3.

- Age ≥ 18 years.

- Adequate hematological values: platelets ≥ 50 x 109/L, hemoglobin ≥ 80 g/L (both may be achieved by transfusion).

- Adequate hepatic function: bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (for patients with suspected hemolysis: direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN), ALT ≤ 3 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if liver infiltration by myeloma suspected, based on imaging results).

- Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 15 mL/min, according to the formula of Cockcroft-Gault, see Appendix 1).

- Women are not breastfeeding. Women with child-bearing potential are using effective contraception (see 9.8), are not pregnant and agree not to become pregnant during participation in the trial and during the 12 months thereafter. A negative pregnancy test before inclusion (within 7 days) into the trial is required for all women with child-bearing potential. Men agree not to father a child during participation in the trial and during 12 months thereafter.

- Completed baseline QoL questionnaire.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Evidence of ongoing uncontrolled systemic infections.

- History of chronic active HCV or HBV.

- Evidence of myeloma within the CNS.

- Psychiatric disorder precluding understanding of information on trial related topics, giving informed consent, filling out quality of life (QoL) forms, or interfering with compliance for oral drug intake.

- Exposure to another experimental drug within 3 weeks prior to trial entry.

- Any serious underlying medical condition (at the judgment of the investigator) which may impair the ability of the patient to participate in the trial, in particular any uncontrolled clinically significant active disease (e.g. active autoimmune disease, uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled cardiac disease).

- Non-hematologic active malignancy within the past 5 years with the exception of a) adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, or thyroid cancer; b) carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast; c) prostate cancer of Gleason Grade 6 or less with stable prostate-specific antigen levels; or d) cancer considered cured by surgical resection or unlikely to impact survival during the duration of the study, such as localized transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder or benign tumors of the adrenal or pancreas.

- Concomitant use of other anti-cancer medication or radiotherapy except for local pain control. The use of bisphosphonates is allowed.

- Significant neuropathy (Grades 3-4, or Grade 2 with pain) within 14 days prior to enrollment.

- Known hypersensitivity to bortezomib or nelfinavir or hypersensitivity to components of these drugs.

- Any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition likely hampering compliance with the trial protocol and follow‐up.

- Patient who takes the following drugs during the trial therapy, which cannot be replaced or paused.
Locations
Kantonsspital Aarau
Aarau, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Nathan Cantoni, MD - +41 62 838 60 50 - nathan.cantoni@ksa.ch
Universitaetsspital-Basel
Basel, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Dominik Heim, MD - +41 61 328 63 11 - dheim@uhbs.ch
Istituto Oncologico Svizzera Italiana IOSI
Bellinzona, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Erika Lerch, MD - +41 91 811 91 11 - erika.lerch@eoc.ch
Inselspital Bern
Bern, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Thomas Pabst, Prof. - +41 31 632 84 30 - thomas.pabst@insel.ch
Kantonsspital Graubuenden
Chur, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Ulrich Mey, MD - 41-81-256-7170 - ulrich.mey@ksgr.ch
Hopital Fribourgeois
Fribourg, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Daniel Betticher, MD - 41-26-426-7240 - daniel.betticher@h-fr.ch
Hopital Cantonal Universitaire de Geneve
Geneva, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Pierre-Yves Dietrich - 41-22-372-9861 - pierre-yves.dietrich@hcuge.ch
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Lausanne, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Anne Cairoli, MD - 41-21-314-4182 - anne.cairoli@chuv.ch
Kantonsspital - St. Gallen
St. Gallen, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Christoph Driessen, Prof - 41-71-494-1162 - christoph.driessen@kssg.ch
SpitalSTS AG Simmental-Thun-Saanenland
Thun, Switzerland
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Daniel Rauch - +41 33 226 26 45 - daniel.rauch@spitalstsag.ch
Start Date
December 2014
Completion Date
December 2017
Sponsors
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Source
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page