Genotype Guided Chemotherapy in Gastric Cancer Patients
Conditions
Metastatic Gastric Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: TSER
Type: Genetic
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
In gastric cancer patients treated with 5-FU and cisplatin, higher tumor TS levels were associated with a less favorable response (29% vs. 68%; p=0.024). Similarly, in a study in which patients were treated with high dose 5-FU, patients with high TS expression had a response rate of only 12.5%. Conversely a response rate of 92.9% was observed in patients with low tumor TS expression. A longer but not statistically significant survival advantage was observed in patients with the TSER*2 allele compared with the TSER*3/*3 patients. Additionally, a review by Patel et al. identified approximately 20 gastric cancer studies that have found a positive association between TSER genotype and clinical response (in either direction). Therefore, the primary goal of this proposal is to prospectively genotype patients, select patients with "good risk" TSER genotypes (TSER*2*/*2 or *2/*3) and treat them with a standard 5-FU containing regimen (FOLFOX) in order to improve clinical outcomes, while randomize patients with the "poor risk" TSER genotype (*3/*3) to either the standard 5-FU containing regimen or another non-5-FU-based regimen (docetaxel/cisplatin).
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 70 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach.

2. Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >20 mm with conventional techniques or as >10 mm with spiral CT scan. See section 9.2 for the evaluation of measurable disease.

3. No prior therapy for metastatic disease. Prior neo-adjuvant or adjuvant therapy is permitted if the disease free interval has been longer than 12 months.

4. Age between 18 and 70 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of these regimens in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.

5. Life expectancy of greater than 3 months.

6. ECOG performance status < 2 (Karnofsky >60%; see Appendix A).

7. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

- Leukocytes >3,000/microliter

- Absolute neutrophil count >1,500/microliter

- Platelets >100,000/microliter

- Total bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN

- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <2.5 x ULN if not liver metastases < 5 x ULN if known liver metastases

- Creatinine clearance <1.5 x ULN

8. Not pregnant. Not breast feeding. If the patient or partner is of childbearing potential, the couple will use adequate birth control in accordance with local IRB policies:

For woman of childbearing potential:

Patient must have negative blood pregnancy test. If sexually active, woman must either be post-menopausal (over age 50 and have not had a menstrual period for one year or more, or blood FSH level in the post-menopausal range) OR agree to use appropriate contraceptive measures for the duration of the study and for 21 days after stopping study treatment. The only birth control methods for women that are acceptable for this study are: (1) surgical sterilization (previous removal of the uterus or both ovaries or a tubal ligation) OR (2) an intrauterine device (IUD), (3) double barrier methods, (4) oral contraceptives.

For men:

Medically acceptable contraceptives include: (1) surgical sterilization, or (2) a condom used with a spermicide. If the female partner becomes pregnant while patient is on treatment or within 21 days after stopping treatment, the study physician must be informed.

9. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients may not be receiving any other chemotherapy agents.

2. Patients with known active brain metastases. Patients with treated brain metastases are permitted if stable off steroids for at least 30 days. A screening head CT/MRI is not required in asymptomatic patients for this protocol.

3. History of allergic reactions to 5-FU, oxaliplatin, docetaxel, or cisplatin.

4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

5. Patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Therefore, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with the chemotherapies.
Location
Institute of Clinical Pharmacology
Changsha, Hunan, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Yijing He, MD, PhD - +86-15874812612 - yijinghe@gmail.com
Start Date
April 2014
Completion Date
December 2016
Sponsors
Central South University
Source
Central South University
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page