Phase 3 Study of Xelox Followed by Maintenance Capecitabine in the Advanced Gastric Cancer
Conditions
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
chemotherapy, stomach neoplasms
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Capecitabine
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
XELOX regimen had a more favorable toxicity profile compared to cisplatin for patients with advanced gastric cancer. The safety profile of oxaliplatin makes it an ideal candidate for combination therapy. However, oxaliplatin induce sensory neuropathy, a cumulative, dose-related toxicity. It may therefore be possible to devise capecitabine maintenance regimen which achieves maximum treatment effect before cumulative neurotoxicity appears. We study that randomized Phase III study of Xelox (Capecitabine plus Oxaliplatin) followed by maintenance Capecitabine or Observation in the gastric cancer patients of stable disease after 6 cycle 1st line of XELOX chemotherapy .
Detailed Description
Study rationale : Park et al. observed the oxaliplatin as part of XELOX regimen had a more favorable toxicity profile compared to cisplatin for patients with advanced gastric cancer. The safety profile of oxaliplatin makes it an ideal candidate for combination therapy. However, oxaliplatin induce sensory neuropathy, a cumulative, dose-related toxicity. The response with XELOX regimen generally occurs earlier. It may therefore be possible to devise capecitabine maintenance regimen which achieves maximum treatment effect before cumulative neurotoxicity appears. This regimen was studied in colon and breast cancer.

- Objective: Primary: To evaluate progression free survival Secondary: To evaluated overall survival, response rate, toxicity profile of chemotherapy, quality of life

- Design :Multicenter randomized controlled phase III open label trial Study subjects will be randomized to two groups in a ratio of 1:1 Subjects More than stable disease after 6 cycle 1st line of XELOX chemotherapy (OR non-complete response/non-progressive disease in cases of non-measurable disease before XELOX chemotherapy),

- Treatment Groups Group A : Capecitabine: Capecitabine 1000mg/m2 bid D1-14, q 3 week Group B : Observation

- Evaluation of response and toxicity A response will be evaluated radiologically every two cycles thereafter, or when progression is suspicious by RECIST criteria version 1.1.

A progression-free survival is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of first documented disease progression or death due to any cause.

An overall survival is defined as the time from the 1stdate of chemotherapy to the date of death.

Safety will be evaluated every treatment by NCI-CTCAE version 4.0.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically proven gastric cancer

- Minimum age of 18 years

- Stage IV (regardless of the presence or absence of measurable disease by RECIST criteria) or recurrent after curative surgery

- Negative expression (0, 1) of Her2 Immuno-histochemistry or negative amplification of FISH in Her2 Immuno-histochemistry 2+

- More than stable disease after 6 cycle 1st line of XELOX chemotherapy (OR non-Complete response/non-Progressive disease in cases of non-measurable disease before XELOX chemotherapy)

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance status 0-2

- Adequate bone marrow function: Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/ul, Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL, platelet ≥ 100,000/μl

- Adequate renal function: Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN (upper normal limit) or creatinine clearance ≥ 60 ml/min

- Adequate hepatic function: serum bilirubin ≤ 2.5 x UNL, AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 x UNL (≤ 5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastasis)

- Patients must sign an informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of the study in keeping with the policy of the hospital

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who were exposed previously to any chemotherapy except XELOX for advanced disease

- Patients who received R0 or R1 resection for metastatic or recurrent gastric cancer and without evaluable/measurable disease

- Disease relapsed during or within 4 months after adjuvant therapy

- Patients who had central nervous system and meningeal metastases

- Patients with significant neurologic or psychiatric disorders

- Patients with active infection, severe heart disease, uncontrollable hypertension or diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction during the preceding 6 months, pregnancy, or breast feeding

- Any previous or concurrent malignancy except for adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cancer of uterine cervix, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer or malignancy without evidence of recurrence within 5 years
Locations
St. Vincent's Hospital
Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Byoungyong Shim, Ph.D., M.D - 82-31-249-8457
Buchon St. Mary's Hospital
Buchon, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Cuk Jin Lee
Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital
Daejeon, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Ji Chan Park
Incheon St. Mary's Hospital
Incheon, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Jeo Ho Byen
Seoul St. Mary's Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Young Seon Hong
St. Mary's Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: In Sook Woo
Bundang Seoul National hospital
Sungnam, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Keun Wook Lee
Ujeongbu St. Mary's Hospital
Ujeongbu, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Yoon Ho Ko
Start Date
May 2015
Completion Date
January 2019
Sponsors
The Catholic University of Korea
Source
The Catholic University of Korea
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page