S-1 vs Capecitabine in the Elderly and/or Poor Performance Status Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Gastric Cancer
Conditions
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Stomach Neoplasms, Secondary, Combination chemotherapy, S-1, Capecitabine
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: S-1, capecitabine
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
This study is an open-label, single-center, and randomized phase II study designed to evaluate each efficacy and safety of S-1 and capecitabine in the elderly and/or poor performance status patients with recurrent or metastatic gastric cancer. The randomization will be stratified by age (70-85 years versus 65 years and < 70 years) and performance status, which is dependent on age group; in 70-85 years, ECOG performance status 0-1 versus 2 and in ³65 years and <70 years, ECOG performance status 2 versus 3.

- S-1 40mg/m2 orally twice daily on days 1 (evening) - 15 (morning)

- Capecitabine 1250mg/m2 orally twice daily on days 1 (evening) - 15 (morning) Treatment will be administered every 3 weeks and will be continued in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 85 Years
Minimum Age: 60 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed gastric adenocarcinoma with recurrent or metastatic disease

2. Age of 70-85 years with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 or age ≥65 and <70 with ECOG performance status ≥ 2

3. Measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) Measurable lesions:

- Lesions that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension by any of the following:

- Computed tomography (CT) of abdomen, pelvis or thorax, if the longest diameter to be recorded is at least 10 mm with spiral CT

- Chest x-ray, if the lung lesion to be recorded is clearly defined and surrounded by aerated lung and the diameter to be recorded is at least 20 mm- Physical examination, if the clinically detected lesions are superficial (e.g., skin nodule and palpable lymph nodes) and at least 10 mm

4. No prior chemotherapy for recurrent and/or metastatic disease (prior adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy is allowed at least 6 months has relapsed between completion of adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy and enrolment into the therapy; prior S-1 or capecitabine is not allowed)

5. Adequate major organ function including the following:

- Hematopoietic function:

- absolute neutrophil count (ANC)≥1,500/mm3,

- Platelet ≥ 100,000/mm3,

- Hepatic function:

- serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN),

- AST/ALT levels =< 2.5 x ULN ( 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present)

- Renal function:

- serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN

6. Patients should sign a written informed consent before study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract or malabsorption syndrome (e.g. patients with partial or total gastrectomy can enter the study, but not those with a jejunostomy probe), or inability to take oral medication

2. Patients with active (significant or uncontrolled) gastrointestinal bleeding

3. Inadequate cardiovascular function:

- New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease

- Unstable angina or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

- History of significant ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication with antiarrhythmics or significant conduction system abnormality

4. Serious concurrent infection or nonmalignant illness that is uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by complications of study therapy

5. Other malignancy within the past 3 years except non-melanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

6. History of or current brain metastases

7. Psychiatric disorder that would preclude compliance

8. Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency

9. Patients receiving a concomitant treatment with drugs interacting with S-1 or capecitabine such as flucytosine, phenytoin, warfarin, lamivudine, or allopurinol et al.

10. Patients with known active infection with HIV, HBV, or HCV

11. Major surgery within 4 weeks of start of study treatment, without complete recovery

12. Radiotherapy within 4 weeks of start of study treatment; 2 weeks interval allowed if palliative radiotherapy was given to bone metastatic site and patient recovered from any acute toxicity
Location
National Cancer Center Korea
Goyang, Gyeonggi, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Sook Ryun Park, M.D - +82-31-920-1609 - sukryun73@ncc.re.kr
Start Date
May 2007
Completion Date
June 2010
Sponsors
National Cancer Center, Korea
Source
National Cancer Center, Korea
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page