Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) Diffusion Weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) of Head and Neck Tumors
Conditions
Head and Neck Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Head and Neck Cancer, Head Cancer, Neck Cancer, Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS), Diffusion Weighted MRI (DW-MRI), 06-007
Study Type
Observational
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Intervention
Name: DCE-MRI, DW-MRI and MRS
Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic study that makes pictures of organs of the body using magnetic field and radio frequency pulses that can not be felt. Dynamic contrast enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) uses faster imaging and contrast material (a substance used to make specific organs, blood vessels, or tumors easier to see) that is given by vein. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) allows to measure the motion of water around the cells in the tumor. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) obtains chemical information from the tumor. During MRS, signals are detected from the chemicals (spectroscopy) naturally present in your tumor using radio waves. DCE-MRI, DW-MRI and MRS give extra information which is not available with the regular MRI. The regular MRI only shows pictures of the tumor while the DCE-MRI also gives information about the blood vessels of the tumor. DW-MRI provides information related to the state of the tumor tissue with regards to the quality or condition of cells present in it and MRS gives information about the chemical makeup of the tumor.

The purpose of this study is to see whether DCE-MRI, DW-MRI and MRS done before treatment can predict which patients will do well with either surgery or chemo-radiation therapy. This study will also see if DCE-MRI, DW-MRI and MRS done early in treatment can tell if the therapy is working.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with histologically proven diagnosis of head and neck cancer or patients with tumors strongly suspicious for head and neck cancer due to clinical features or FNA (fine needle aspiration) cytology assessment.

- Will undergo surgery or chemo-radiation treatment

- Patients must be 18 years or older and have the ability to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Claustrophobia

- Known reaction to Gd-DTPA

- Pre-operative radiation to primary tumor site

- Contraindication to MRI

1. Pacemaker

2. Aneurysmal clips

3. Metal implants in field of view

4. Pregnant or nursing women

5. Age and mental status wherein he/she is unable to cooperate for MRI study
Location
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Amita Dave, PhD - 212-639-3184
Start Date
February 2006
Completion Date
February 2016
Sponsors
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Source
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page