Dose Escalation Phase I/II Study of Lovastatin With High-Dose Cytarabine for Refractory or Relapsed AML
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Conditions: official terms
Leukemia, Myeloid - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Conditions: Keywords
Acute Myeloid Leukemia, AML, Lovastatin, Cytarabine
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Lovastatin and Cytarabine
Type: Drug
Overall Status
The purpose of this study is to test the safety and effectiveness of combining a drug known as Lovastatin to the chemotherapy drug cytarabine. Lovastatin is currently used to lower blood cholesterol levels and lab data suggests that it increases the anti-leukemia activity of cytarabine. This research is being done because high doses of cytarabine induce remissions in only about 25% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with primary refractory AML (that is no prior remission). Patients who have greater than 10% AML blasts in the bone marrow or blood upon recovery from two cycles of standard cytarabine- and anthracycline-based induction chemotherapy are eligible. Patients who have received etoposide and/or 6-thioguanine during remission induction will be eligible.

- Patients with relapsed AML. Patients must have had a documented remission lasting > 30 days at some point during their prior therapy. Their current relapse must be untreated. Relapse is defined as the presence of greater than 10% AML blasts in the bone marrow or blood after having had a documented remission.

- Patients who have received a high-dose cytarabine containing regimen (>2 g/m2/dose) within 3 months prior to registration on this protocol are not eligible.

- No active CNS involvement. A lumbar puncture prior to treatment is not required and should not be performed in the absence of significant CNS symptoms or signs.

- Non-pregnant and non-nursing. Treatment under this protocol would expose an unborn child to significant risks. Women and men of reproductive potential should agree to use an effective means of birth control.

Exclusion Criteria:

Although NOT considered formal Exclusion Criteria, study physicians are strongly encouraged as part of this decision-making process to recognize that the following may increase the risks to a subject entering this protocol:

- Other serious illnesses which would limit survival to <2 years, or a psychiatric condition which would prevent compliance with treatment or informed consent.

- Performance Status > 2.

- Uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease, diabetes, pulmonary disease, or infection, which in the opinion of the treating physician, would make this protocol treatment unreasonably hazardous for the patient.

- Patients with a "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers. Patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse within one year.

- Patients who have received any investigational agent within the prior 4 weeks.
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Iowa City, Iowa, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Raymond Hohl, MD - 319-356-8110 -
Start Date
June 2001
Completion Date
June 2021
University of Iowa
University of Iowa
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page