Radiofrequency Ablation Combined With Chemotherapy for Pulmonary Tumors
Conditions
NSCLC - Pulmonary Metastases
Conditions: official terms
Lung Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Radiofrequency Ablation
Study Type
Observational
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Intervention
Name: Radiofrequency Ablation
Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The purpose of this study is to assess short and long term outcomes after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with chemotherapy for pulmonary malignancies in patients who are not candidates for surgical resection. This study will evaluate the efficacy of RFA combined with chemotherapy for the treatment of lung tumors by assessing its impact on local tumor control, progression free survival, overall survival, dyspnea score and quality of life (QOL).
Detailed Description
Percutaneous image-guided RFA is a minimally invasive technique used to treat solid tumours. Because of its ability to produce large volumes of coagulation necrosis in a controlled fashion, this technique has gained acceptance as a viable therapeutic option for unresectable liver malignancies. Recently, RFA has been proposed as a viable option for the treatment of pulmonary malignancies. Experimental studies in animal tumor models have confirmed the effectiveness of RFA in the destruction of experimentally-induced pulmonary malignancies. Pilot clinical investigations have suggested that the treatment can achieve high proportions of tumor response. We designed a prospective clinical trial aimed at assessing feasibility, safety and effectiveness of RFA combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of lung malignancies.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 80 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- adult (> 18 years) male or female patient

- patient has biopsy-proven NSCLC or lung metastasis

- patient has been rejected for surgery and has been considered unfit for radiation therapy

- each 6 cm or smaller in greatest diameter of tumor, by CT scan

- tumors are located at least 1 cm from trachea; main bronchi; esophagus; aorta; aortic arch branches; pulmonary artery; and heart

- tumors are accessible by percutaneous route

- patient has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2

- patient has platelet count > 100 x 109 /L and international normalized ratio ≤ 1.5

- patient has signed written informed consent prior to any study specific procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

- patient is considered at high-risk for RF ablation due to major co-morbid medical conditions

- patient has more than 3 tumors / lung

- patient has at least one tumor > 6 cm in greatest diameter

- tumor is associated with atelectasis or obstructive pneumonitis

- patient has renal failure requiring hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis

- patient has active clinically serious infection

- patient has history of organ allograft

- patient has history of substance abuse or any medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with his / her participation in the study or evaluation of the study results

- patient is pregnant or breast-feeding

- patient has ECOG performance status > 2

- patient has platelet count ≤ 100 x 109 /L or international normalized ratio > 1.5.
Location
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical College
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Jianxing He, MD, FACS - +86-20-83337792 - drjianxing.he@gmail.com
Start Date
November 2009
Completion Date
June 2011
Sponsors
The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
Source
The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page