Early Response-adapted Intensification of Induction Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (MM)
Conditions
Multiple Myeloma
Conditions: official terms
Multiple Myeloma - Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Conditions: Keywords
age under 65, Previous untreated
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Thalidomide, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone, bortezomib
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
In this study, the investigators will analyze the long-term outcomes of remission and survival, and identify those with primary resistant disease as more likely to benefit from CTD (thalidomide, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone) and early intensification of Vel-CD (bortezomib and CD) as induction chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation for the patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.
Detailed Description
This study aims to assess the efficacy and toxicities of CTD and Vel-CD induction followed by high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplantation as a first line treatment for the patients with multiple myeloma.The investigators already investigated the thalidomide-based chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed MM. The combined regimen consisted of cyclophosphamide, thalidomide and dexamethasone (CTD) for induction treatment. CTD chemotherapy resulted in a favorable response with 79.4% overall response rate including 42.6% complete response (CR) or very good partial complete response (VGPR), and tolerable toxicity in MM patients. Moreover, CTD chemotherapy did not affect the yield of the stem cell collection.The investigators also published that the clinical efficacy and safety of a four-drug combination of bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone was assessed for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma Vel-CTD chemotherapy.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Newly diagnosed MM

2. Aged between 18 and 65 years old

3. With following measurable lesions (serum M-protein ≥ 1 g/dL or urine M-protein ≥ 400 mg/day, or free light chain ≥ 100 mg/L)

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Smoldering or indolent myeloma

2. ECOG performance status > 3 point

3. Known hypersensitivity to cyclophosphamide, thalidomide or dexamethasone

4. Peripheral neuropathy or neuropathic pain Grade 2 or higher as defined by NCI CTCAE version 3

5. Uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease, including MI within 6 months of enrolment, NYHA Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, clinically significant pericardial disease, or cardiac amyloidosis, cardiac ejection fraction <0.5 : Severe conduction disorder : Hypotension (sitting systolic BP ≤ 100 mmHg and/or sitting diastolic BP ≤ 60 mmHg

6. Impaired hepatic function (AST or ALT ≥ x 3 upper normal, T-bilirubin ≥ x 2 upper normal)

7. Creatinine clearance < 20 ml/min

8. Corrected serum calcium ≥ 14 mg/dL

9. Sepsis or current active infection

10. Pregnancy or breast feeding

11. Uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus

12. Previous history of Recurrent DVT or pulmonary embolism

13. Active ulcers detected by gastroscopy

14. Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.

15. Receipt of extensive radiation therapy within 4 weeks
Location
Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital
Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
March 2010
Sponsors
Chonnam National University Hospital
Source
Chonnam National University Hospital
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page