Acupuncture in Treating Dry Mouth Caused By Radiation Therapy in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer - Long-term Effects Secondary to Cancer Therapy in Adults - Oral Complications of Chemotherapy and Head/Neck Radiation - Radiation Toxicity - Xerostomia
Conditions: official terms
Head and Neck Neoplasms - Radiation Injuries - Xerostomia
Conditions: Keywords
hypopharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer, lip and oral cavity cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer, salivary gland cancer, radiation toxicity, xerostomia, long-term effects of cancer treatment, oral complications of radiation therapy
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Name: Acupuncture
Type: Procedure
Overall Status
RATIONALE: Acupuncture may help relieve dry mouth caused by radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying to see how well one set of acupuncture points work in comparison to a different set of acupuncture points or standard therapy in treating dry mouth caused by radiation therapy in patients with head and neck cancer.
Detailed Description


- To determine whether acupuncture can symptomatically improve moderate or severe radiation-induced xerostomia (grade 2 or 3) in patients with head and neck cancer.


- To explore the duration of response (up to a maximum of 6 months) in the subgroup of patients who report a response to the acupuncture intervention.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to stage of disease, age, sex, the mean of parotid radiotherapy doses received, and baseline Xerostomia Questionnaire (XQ) scores. Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive standard oral hygiene care for 8 weeks, including instructions regarding mouth rinses, use of lip balms, use of mild fluoride toothpaste, the importance of adequate oral hydration, and other standard advice.

- Arm II: Patients receive acupuncture at 3 sites on each ear, on the chin, on each forearm, and on each leg twice a week for 4 weeks. Patients with minor response may continue treatment for an additional 4 weeks. Patients also receive standard oral hygiene as in arm 1.

- Arm III: Patients receive acupuncture twice a week for 4 weeks and standard oral hygiene as in arm 1. Patients with minor response may continue treatment for an additional 4 weeks.

Patients complete XQ, the M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory for Head and Neck Cancer (MDASI-HN), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT-G) questionnaires at baseline and at the end of weeks 4, 8, and12. Patients with partial response or minor response, according to week-8 questionnaires, complete XQ, MDASI-HN, and the FACT-G at the end of week 12 and at 6 months. Patients in group 2 and 3 also complete the Acupuncture Expectancy Scale (AES). Saliva is also collected at these time points.

- Coordinating Center: The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP) Research Base
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Must be at least 18 years of age and able to give informed consent.

2. Must have a diagnosis of head/neck cancer.

3. Must have received bilateral radiation therapy, and subsequently developed grade 2 or 3 xerostomia, according to RTOG scale: Grade 0 - None Grade 1 - Slight dryness of mouth, good response on stimulation Grade 2 - Moderate dryness of mouth, poor response on stimulation Grade 3 - Complete dryness of mouth, no response on stimulation Grade 4 - Fibrosis

4. Must have received external beam radiation at a mean dose of at least 25 Gy to one of the parotid glands. The other gland can receive less than 25 Gy. (Chemotherapy during or subsequent to radiation therapy is allowed).

5. Must have completed radiotherapy at least 12 months prior to entry. Note: Patients currently receiving radiation therapy not involving radiation to the head and neck may be eligible to participate in this trial.

6. Must have anatomically intact parotid and submandibular glands.

7. Must be acupuncture naïve.

8. Must not have any history of xerostomia prior to radiation therapy.

9. No active infection.

10. Must have Karnofsky performance status >/= 60 or ECOG performance status of 0-2.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. History of xerostomia, Sjogren's disease or other illness known to affect salivation prior to head/neck radiation.

2. Suspected or confirmed closure of salivary gland ducts on either side.

3. Currently receiving or planning to receive other xerostomia treatment, including drugs, herbs or devices. All other treatments known to affect salivation should be stopped at least 14 days prior to enrollment.

4. Have received any investigational new drug within the past 30 days or planning to receive such during the study period.

5. Previous acupuncture treatment.

6. Active systemic infection or skin infection at or near the acupuncture sites.

7. History of xerostomia prior to the head/neck radiation therapy.
CCOP Research Base Sites
Houston, Texas, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: MD Anderson Cancer Center CCOP Office - 713-563-0276
Start Date
November 2012
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page