Immunotherapy Using Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes for Patients With Metastatic Cancer
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer - Metastatic Gastric Cancer - Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer - Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma - Metastatic Cholangiocarcinoma
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - Cholangiocarcinoma - Neoplasm Metastasis - Pancreatic Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Digestive Tract Cancers, Breast Cancer, Cell Therapy, Ovarian/Endometrial Cancer, Urothelial Cancers
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Young TIL Type: Biological
Name: Aldesleukin Type: Drug
Name: Cyclophosphamide Type: Drug
Name: Fludarabine Type: Drug
Overall Status

The NCI Surgery Branch has developed an experimental therapy that involves taking white blood cells from patients' tumors, growing them in the laboratory in large numbers, and then giving the cells back to the patient. These cells are called Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes, or TIL and we have given this type of treatment to over 200 patients with melanoma. Researchers want to know if TIL shrink s tumors in people with digestive tract, urothelial, breast, or ovarian/endometrial cancers. In this study, we are selecting a specific subset of white blood cells from the tumor that we think are the most effective in fighting tumors and will use only these cells in making the tumor fighting cells.


The purpose of this study is to see if these specifically selected tumor fighting cells can cause digestive tract, urothelial, breast, or ovarian/endometrial tumors to shrink and to see if this treatment is safe.


- Adults age 18-70 with metastatic digestive tract, urothelial, breast, or ovarian/endometrial cancer who have a tumor that can be safely removed.


Work up stage: Patients will be seen as an outpatient at the NIH clinical Center and undergo a history and physical examination, scans, x-rays, lab tests, and other tests as needed.

Surgery: If the patients meet all of the requirements for the study they will undergo surgery to remove a tumor that can be used to grow the TIL product.

Leukapheresis: Patients may undergo leukapheresis to obtain additional white blood cells. {Leukapheresis is a common procedure, which removes only the white blood cells from the patient.}

Treatment: Once their cells have grown, the patients will be admitted to the hospital for the conditioning chemotherapy, the TIL cells and aldesleukin. They will stay in the hospital for about 4 weeks for the treatment.

Follow up: Patients will return to the clinic for a physical exam, review of side effects, lab tests, and scans about every 1-3 months for the first year, and then every 6 months to 1 year as long as their tumors are shrinking. Follow up visits will take up to 2 days.

Detailed Description

- Metastatic digestive tract cancers, in particular esophageal, gastric, pancreatic and hepatobiliary carcinomas, are associated with poor survival beyond five years and poor response to existing therapies.

- Data from the Surgery Branch and from the literature support that metastatic cancers are potentially immunogenic and that TIL can be grown and expanded from these tumors.

- In metastatic melanoma, TIL can mediate the regression of bulky disease at any site when administered to an autologous patient with high dose aldesleukin (IL-2) following a nonmyeloablative but lymphodepleting chemotherapy preparative regimen.

- The recent young-TIL approach, in which TIL are minimally cultured in vitro, not selected for tumor recognition, before rapid expansion and infusion to metastatic melanoma patients, has lead to objective response rates comparable to previous trials relying on TIL screened for tumor recognition, with no added toxicities.

- We propose to investigate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of TIL adoptive transfer therapy for metastatic cancers.


- To determine the ability of autologous TIL infused after minimal in vitro culture in conjunction with high dose aldesleukin following a non-myeloablative lymphodepleting preparative regimen to mediate tumor regression in patients with metastatic cancers.

- To determine the phenotypic and functional characteristics of TIL derived from digestive tract, urothelial, breast, and ovarian/endometrial cancers.

- To determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen.


Patients who are 18 years of age or older must have:

- Metastatic digestive tract, urothelial, breast, or ovarian/endometrial cancers refractory to standard chemotherapy, originating from a) gastric or gastroesophageal junction, or b) pancreas, liver or biliary tree, c) colon or rectum, d) bladder, e) breast, or f) ovarian/endometrial;

- Normal basic laboratory values.

Patients may not have:

- Concurrent major medical illnesses;

- Severe hepatic function impairment due to liver metastatic burden;

- Unpalliated biliary or bowel occlusion, cholangitis, or digestive tract bleeding;

- Any form of immunodeficiency;

- Severe hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study;

- Contraindications for high dose aldesleukin administration.


- Patients will undergo resection or biopsy to obtain tumor for generation of autologous TIL cultures and autologous cancer cell lines, and for frozen tissue archive. Lymph nodes, ascites, peritoneal implants, and normal tissue adjacent to metastatic deposit will also be obtained when possible for assessing phenotypic and functional characteristics of TIL derived from digestive tract, urothelial, breast, or ovarian/endometrial cancers.

- All patients will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide and fludarabineOn day 0 patients will receive the infusion of autologous TIL and then begin high-dose aldesleukin (720,000 IU/kg IV every 8 hours for up to 15 doses).

- Clinical and immunologic response will be evaluated about 4-6 weeks after TIL infusion.

- Twenty-one patients will be initially enrolled in each group to assess toxicity and tumor responses. If two or more of the first 21 patients per groups shows a clinical response (PR or CR), accrual will continue to 41 patients, targeting a 20% goal for objective response.

- Up to 260 patients may be enrolled over 3-8 years
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 70 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both

1. Measurable metastatic (stage IV) gastric, gastroesophageal, pancreatic, hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, gallbladder, colorectal, urothelial, breast, and ovarian/endometrial carcinomas with at least one lesion that is resectable for TIL generation with minimal morbidity preferentially using minimal invasive laparoscopic or thoracoscopic surgery for removal of superficial tumor deposit, plus one other lesion that can be measured.

2. All patients must be refractory to approved standard systemic therapy.

Specifically :

- Metastatic colorectal patients must have received oxaliplatin or irinotecan.

- Hepatocellular carcinoma patients must have received sorafenib (Nexavar ), since level 1 data support a survival benefit with this agent.

3. Patients with 3 or fewer brain metastases that are less than 1 cm in diameter and asymptomatic are eligible. Lesions that have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery must be clinically stable for 1 month after treatment for the patient to be eligible.

4. Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 or 1.

5. Life expectancy of greater than three months.

6. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age and less than or equal to 70 years of age.

7. Willing to practice birth control during treatment and for four months after receiving the treatment.

8. Willing to sign a durable power of attorney.

9. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document.

10. Hematology:

- Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm(3) without support of filgrastim.

- Normal WBC (> 3000/mm(3)).

- Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl. Subjects may be transfused to reach this cut-off.

- Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm(3).

- Normal prothrombin time (less than or equal to 15.2 seconds).

11. Serology:

- Seronegative for HIV antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune competence and thus may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)

- Seronegative for active hepatitis B, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.

12. Chemistry:

- Serum ALT/AST less than five times the upper limit of normal.

- Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl.

- Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome, who must have a total bilirubin less than or equal to 3 mg/dl.

13. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients' toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less. Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures with the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less.

14. Six weeks must have elapsed since any prior anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or anti-tyrosine kinase receptors (TKR) therapy to allow antibody levels to decline.


1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus or infant.

2. Systemic steroid therapy required.

3. Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other active major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, as evidenced by a positive stress thallium or comparable test, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease.

4. Advanced primary with impeding occlusion, perforation or bleeding, dependant on transfusion.

5. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease and AIDS).

6. Concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)

7. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.

8. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms.

9. Any patient known to have an LVEF less than or equal to 45%.

10. Documented LVEF of less than or equal to 45% tested in patients with:

- Clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third degree heart block

- Age greater than or equal to 60 years old

11. Documented Child-Pugh score of B or C for hepatocellular carcinoma patients with known underlying liver dysfunction.
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact NCI/Surgery Branch Recruitment Center - 866-820-4505 -
Start Date
July 2010
Completion Date
December 2019
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page