Study of Busulfan, Etoposide, Cytarabine, and Melphalan (BuEAM) Conditioning for Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation (ASCT) to Treat T Cell or Natural Killer (NK) Cell Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Conditions: official terms
Lymphoma - Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Busulfan, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan
Type: Drug
Overall Status
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of busulfan, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan (BuEAM) as a conditioning for autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Detailed Description
High-dose conditioning regimens commonly used in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma are BEAM (BCNU, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan), BEAC (BCNU, etoposide, cytarabine, and cyclophosphamide), CBV (cyclophosphamide, carmustine, and etoposide), and combination regimen with total body irradiation. Three-year progression free survival of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma received above high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell rescue was reported as 40-50%, which is still unsatisfactory.

Busulfan (Bu)-based preparative regimens, which are commonly used with allogeneic stem cell transplantation have also been studied with autologous stem cell transplantation for lymphomas.

The development of intravenous busulfan achieved 100% bioavailability bypassing the oral route and increased safety and reliability of generating therapeutic busulfan levels, maximizing efficacy.

Recently, one prospective study showed that a combination conditioning regimen of intravenous busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide was found to be well tolerated and seemed to be effective in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Another prospective study for patients with multiple myeloma showed that intravenous busulfan plus melphalan conditioning regimen made no grade 3-4 non-hematologic complication.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Minimum Age: 15 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with a high-intermediate/high risk international prognostic index at a diagnosis or with salvage chemotherapy-sensitive relapse/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma

- Patients with histologically confirmed T cell or NK cell lymphoma at diagnosis

- Patients who have not received therapy with high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation

- Life expectation of at least 3 months

- ECOG performance status ≤ 2

- Adequate hepatic function (serum bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL, AST and ALT less than three times the upper normal limit)

- Adequate renal function (serum creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL).

- Adequate cardiac function (ejection fraction ≥ 45% on MUGA scan or echocardiogram).

- Adequate bone marrow function (ANC ≥ 1,000/mm3 and platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3).

- All patients are fully informed about the nature and purpose of this study and informed consent should be given before the start of treatment. All patients should fully understand the right of trial abandon without any disadvantage

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with central nervous system involvement of lymphoma

- Patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus

- Pregnant or breast feeding woman

- Young woman without pregnancy test prior to treatment or pregnancy test reveals positive.

- Young woman without a reliable and proper contraceptive method

- Man being not willing to contraception

- Concurrent history of neoplasm other than non-Hodgkin lymphoma with life expectancy less than 3 months (except for curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer or in-situ uterine cervix cancer).

- History of clinically significant cardiac dysfunction (e.g. congestive heart failure, symptomatic coronary artery disease, medically uncontrolled arrhythmia) or myocardial infarction within 12 months

- A psychiatric disorder or mental deficiency severe as to make compliance with the treatment unlike, and making informed consent impossible.

- Significant infection or uncontrolled bleeding

- Enrollment of other clinical trials within 4 weeks prior to treatment

- Any preexisting medical condition of sufficient severity to prevent full compliance with the study

- Patient being not willing to or unable to obey study protocol
Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine
Busan, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Won Sik Lee - +82-51-890-6407 -
Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Je Hwan Lee -
Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Sung-Soo Yoon - +82-2-2072-3079 -
Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Jin Seok Kim -
Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
Ulsan, Korea, Republic of
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Hawk Kim
Start Date
July 2010
Seoul National University Hospital
Seoul National University Hospital
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page