Bevacizumab Plus Somatostatin Analogue and Metronomic Capecitabine in Patients With Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroendocrine Carcinomas
Conditions: official terms
Apudoma - Carcinoid Tumor - Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine - Neuroendocrine Tumors
Conditions: Keywords
bevacizumab, somatostatin analogue, metronomic capecitabine, neuroendocrine tumors
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: bevacizumab + octreotide LAR + capecitabine
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Well differentiated neuroendocrine (NE) carcinomas have low proliferative activity and conventional chemotherapy is not recommended. Metronomic chemotherapy, i.e. the frequent administration of cytotoxic drugs at low doses, has demonstrated antiangiogenetic properties. Since well differentiated NE carcinomas are highly vascular, there is a rationale for testing metronomic chemotherapy and antiangiogenetic drugs. This is a national, multicenter, phase II study.
Detailed Description
Metastatic or locally advanced well differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma will be treated with a combination of bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) plus octreotide LAR (long- acting release) 20/30 mg plus capecitabine administered on a metronomic schedule (2000 mg/day).

Patients with stable disease, complete or partial response will continue treatment until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity.

Primary endpoint: the response to treatment, evaluated according to the RECIST criteria.

Secondary endpoint: - toxicity, graded according to the NCI-CTG criteria;

- symptomatic response: evaluated according to the changes in both the frequency and intensity of symptoms;

- biochemical response: evaluated considering the changes in the tumor marker levels (circulating Chromogranin A);

- relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms and response to treatment;

- time to progression and survival: measured from the date of treatment start to the date of progression and the date of last follow-up or death, respectively.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 80 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically or cytologically diagnosis of well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma

- Inoperable disease

- Age > 18

- ECOG Performance Status 0-2

- Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks

- Measurable and/or evaluable lesions according to RECIST criteria

- Radiological documentation of disease progression

- Adequate bone marrow reserve

- Adequate hepatic and renal function

- Urine dipstick of proteinuria < 2+

- Written informed consent

- Comply with the protocol procedures

Exclusion criteria:

- Serious non-healing wound or ulcer

- Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy

- Uncontrolled hypertension

- Clinically significant cardiovascular disease for example cerebrovascular accidents (≤6 months), myocardial infarction (≤6 months), unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater congestive heart failure, serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication

- Current or recent ongoing treatment with anticoagulants for therapeutic purposes

- Chronic, daily treatment with high-dose aspirin (>325 mg/day) or other medications known to predispose to gastrointestinal ulceration

- Patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance below 30 ml/min)

- Other co-existing malignancies or malignancies diagnosed within the last 5 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma or cervical cancer in situ

- Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study treatment start, or anticipation of the need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study

- Pregnant or lactating women.
Lucia Tozzi
San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy
Status: Completed
Anna Ferrero
Orbassano, Turin, Italy
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Anna Ferrero, MD - +39 011 9026 -
Elisabetta Nobili
Bologna, Italy
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Elisabetta Nobili, MD - 051 6363 -
Nicola Fazio
Milan, Italy
Status: Completed
Enrica Milanesi
Turin, Italy
Status: Completed
Start Date
January 2006
Completion Date
December 2010
University of Turin, Italy
University of Turin, Italy
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page