Decitabine and Plerixafor in Elderly Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Conditions
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Conditions: official terms
Leukemia - Leukemia, Myeloid - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Conditions: Keywords
leukemia
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 1
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: plerixafor Type: Drug
Name: decitabine Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The hypothesis of this proposal is that combining plerixafor, an inhibitor of stromal cell derived factor - 1α (SDF-1α), with decitabine, a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, as induction and postremission therapy for older patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) will improve treatment outcomes via mobilization of leukemia stem cells and alteration of the pharmacodynamics of decitabine. The protocol will establish the safety and feasibility of combining two different doses of plerixafor with a fixed dose and schedule of decitabine.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 60 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Unequivocal pathologic diagnosis of AML (≥ 20% blasts in the bone marrow based on WHO criteria) excluding: i) acute promyelocytic leukemia t(15;17)(q22;q12); PML-RARA; ii)acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22); RUNX1-RUNXT1; iii) acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13.1;q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11.

- AML patients with an antecedent hematologic disorder or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)are eligible for treatment on this trial provided that they have not received prior treatment with decitabine or prior cytotoxic treatment for AML.

- AML patients with therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) are eligible if they have not received chemotherapy (not including hormonal therapy) for their primary malignancy or disorder for >6 months.

- Age ≥ 60 years.

- Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior treatment with decitabine

- Prior treatment with plerixafor

- Ongoing treatment for another malignancy.

- Patients with good-risk molecular or cytogenetics features

- Patient has a medical condition or illness considered by the investigator to constitute an unwarranted high risk for investigational drug treatment.

- Patient has a psychiatric disorder or altered mental status that would preclude understanding of the informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary studies.

- Patient has an inability or unwillingness, in the opinion of the investigator, to comply with the protocol requirements.
Location
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Gail Roboz, MD - gar2001@med.cornell.edu
Start Date
June 2011
Completion Date
June 2014
Sponsors
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Source
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page